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Political Genocide and Customary International Law

Dr. David Nersessian

in Genocide and Political Groups

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199588909
eISBN:
9780191594557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588909.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter addresses the question of whether, as some suggest, political genocide is prohibited already by virtue of post-Convention developments in customary international law. It discusses the ... More


The Way Forward: Rethinking the Crime of Crimes

Dr. David Nersessian

in Genocide and Political Groups

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199588909
eISBN:
9780191594557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588909.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter proposes an optional protocol to the 1948 Genocide Convention paired and an amendment to the ICC Statute to address political genocide. It considers several potential objections to ... More


The Examples of Obligations Erga Omnes Given by the International Court in its Dictum: (b) The Outlawing of Genocide

MAURIZIO RAGAZZI

in The Concept of International Obligations Erga Omnes

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198298700
eISBN:
9780191707513
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198298700.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Law of Obligations

The origins of the prohibition of genocide under international law date back to the end of World War II and the Nuremberg trial. The idea of the universal opposability of the prohibition of genocide ... More


The Genocide Convention: The Gutting of Preventative Measures, 1946–48

Mark A. Lewis

in The Birth of the New Justice: The Internationalization of Crime and Punishment, 1919-1950

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199660285
eISBN:
9780191757716
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199660285.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

The creation of the U.N. Genocide Convention in 1946–48 was a response to gaps in the Nuremberg Judgment, as well as a way of combining minorities protection from the 1920s with criminological ... More


The Role of Other International Crimes

Dr. David Nersessian

in Genocide and Political Groups

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199588909
eISBN:
9780191594557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588909.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter explores the relationship between genocide and other offences under international law, focusing on crimes against humanity (e.g., extermination, torture, and other forms of group ... More


Conduct Elements

Dr. David Nersessian

in Genocide and Political Groups

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199588909
eISBN:
9780191594557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588909.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter focuses upon the actus reus of genocide, outlining both the conduct elements of the offence and the complexities of identifying the contours of protected groups. It first discusses the ... More


Peremptory Norms and International Judicial Jurisdiction

Alexander Orakhelashvili

in Peremptory Norms in International Law

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199546114
eISBN:
9780191712203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546114.003.0016
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter considers the general interaction between international judicial jurisdiction and jus cogens, in the context of more general theses that while on the one hand judicial jurisdiction is ... More


State Criminality and the Significance of the 1948 Genocide Convention

Nina H. B. Jørgensen

in The Responsibility of States for International Crimes

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198298618
eISBN:
9780191685491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198298618.003.0022
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter analyses the significance of the Genocide Convention to the question of state responsibility for criminal acts. It discusses the Case Concerning the Application of the Genocide ... More


State Responsibility and the 1948 Genocide Convention

Nina Jørgenson

in The Reality of International Law: Essays in Honour of Ian Brownlie

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198268376
eISBN:
9780191683510
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198268376.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter examines state responsibility in relation to the 1948 Genocide Convention. It suggests that the travaux preparatoires of the convention indicate a certain amount of confusion among the ... More


Defining a Crime Without a Name

Dr. David Nersessian

in Genocide and Political Groups

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199588909
eISBN:
9780191594557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588909.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter details the rapid development of genocide from an academic concept to a substantive international crime. It provides a brief overview of the etymology of the term ‘genocide’ following ... More


Naming the CrimeGenocide

Michael Bazyler

in Holocaust, Genocide, and the Law: A Quest for Justice in a Post-Holocaust World

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780195395693
eISBN:
9780199362912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395693.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Legal History

Because the word “genocide” is both used and overused, those first confronting its etymology are surprised to learn that it is of relatively recent origin. Throughout history, nations, tribes, or ... More


Taking Consequences Seriously: Objections to Humanitarian Intervention

Jennifer M. Welsh

in Humanitarian Intervention and International Relations

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199267217
eISBN:
9780191601118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199267219.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Outlines and evaluates the political, legal, and ethical objections to humanitarian intervention. In so doing, it questions not only whether the doctrine of ‘sovereignty as responsibility’ has taken ... More


Fault Elements

Dr. David Nersessian

in Genocide and Political Groups

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199588909
eISBN:
9780191594557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588909.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter addresses the personal fault elements comprising the mens rea of genocide. It discusses the crime's unique specific intent requirements and analyses the discriminatory targeting of ... More


Secrets and Surprises in the Travaux Préparatoires of the Genocide Convention

Hirad Abtahi and Philippa Webb

in Arcs of Global Justice: Essays in Honour of William A. Schabas

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780190272654
eISBN:
9780190272685
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190272654.003.0017
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Drafted from 1946 to 1948, the Genocide Convention is the product of its time: a document reflecting the sociology of immediate post-WWII inter-states relations. This chapter seeks to shed light on ... More


Recent Developments in the International Law of Genocide: An Anthropological Perspective on the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda

Paul J. Magnarella

in Annihilating Difference: The Anthropology of Genocide

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520230286
eISBN:
9780520927575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520230286.003.0012
Subject:
Anthropology, African Cultural Anthropology

This chapter provides an overview of the original provisions of the 1948 U.N. Genocide Convention and recent steps toward implementation. It describes the process used by the International Criminal ... More


The Obligation to Prevent Genocide: Towards a General Responsibility to Protect?

Andreas Zimmermann

in From Bilateralism to Community Interest: Essays in Honour of Bruno Simma

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199588817
eISBN:
9780191725272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588817.003.0040
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

In its judgment of 26 February 2007 in the Bosnian Genocide case, the International Court of Justice (ICJ), when dealing with the obligation to prevent genocide as contained in Article I of the ... More


Genocide and Political Groups

David L. Nersessian

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199588909
eISBN:
9780191594557
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588909.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This book provides an examination of the crime of genocide in connection with political groups. It offers an empirical study of the current status of political groups under customary international ... More


The Concept of Cultural Genocide: A Historical–Legal Perspective

Elisa Novic

in The Concept of Cultural Genocide: An International Law Perspective

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198787167
eISBN:
9780191829253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198787167.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter provides a historical–legal analysis of the concept of ‘cultural genocide’ and the way in which Raphael Lemkin’s original ‘technique’ of genocide has been transformed throughout the ... More


“A Crime Without a Name”: Defining Genocide and Mass Atrocity

James E. Waller

in Economic Aspects of Genocides, Other Mass Atrocities, and Their Preventions

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199378296
eISBN:
9780199378319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199378296.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter reviews the historical development of the word “genocide,” both through the story of Raphael Lemkin as well as the drafting history of the UN Genocide Convention. Central to this is an ... More


The Nationalists Strike Back: 1949–1951

David L. Sloss

in The Death of Treaty Supremacy: An Invisible Constitutional Change

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780199364022
eISBN:
9780199364053
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199364022.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law, Public International Law

Chapter 10 analyzes the failed effort to obtain Senate consent for ratification of the Genocide Convention. It also presents a detailed analysis of the Fujii case, where a California court applied ... More


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