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International humanitarian law and non-citizens

David Weissbrodt

in The Human Rights of Non-citizens

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199547821
eISBN:
9780191720086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547821.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter places non-citizens in the context of international humanitarian law. Topics discussed include the availability of international humanitarian law, protections afforded by the Geneva ... More


Combatant Status and Prisoner of War Protections

Emily Crawford

in The Treatment of Combatants and Insurgents under the Law of Armed Conflict

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199578962
eISBN:
9780191722608
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578962.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter examines the nature of POW and combatant status, exploring the origins and historical evolution of combatant/POW status. The chapter looks at what combatant/POW status comprises, that ... More


Private military companies under international humanitarian law

Louise Doswald-Beck

in From Mercenaries to Market: The Rise and Regulation of Private Military Companies

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199228485
eISBN:
9780191711435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228485.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

Part three turns squarely to the question of norms. In considering an adequate regulatory framework for the use and conduct of PMCs, it is important to take into account the transnational nature of ... More


Building the Interwar POW Regime

Neville Wylie

in Barbed Wire Diplomacy: Britain, Germany, and the Politics of Prisoners of War 1939-1945

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199547593
eISBN:
9780191720581
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547593.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter charts the evolution of the western European prisoner of war ‘regime’. It shows how Britain's experience of captivity during the Great War contributed to the development of a ... More


A Summing Up

Geoffrey Charles Emerson

in Hong Kong Internment, 1942-1945: Life in the Japanese Civilian Camp at Stanley

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789622098800
eISBN:
9789882206977
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622098800.003.0006
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter provides a summary description of the life and conditions experienced by internees in the Stanley camp. It notes that no one starved to death, and the fact remains that every day of ... More


Barbed Wire Diplomacy: Britain, Germany, and the Politics of Prisoners of War 1939-1945

Neville Wylie

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199547593
eISBN:
9780191720581
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547593.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This book examines how the United Kingdom government went about protecting the interests, lives, and well‐being of its prisoners of war (POWs) in Nazi Germany between 1939 and 1945. The comparatively ... More


The Réveil and the Founding of the Red Cross

Shai M. Dromi

in Above the Fray: The Red Cross and the Making of the Humanitarian NGO Sector

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226680101
eISBN:
9780226680385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226680385.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

The early Red Cross movement promoted a controversial idea: establishing a sector of nongovernmental and impartial volunteer societies, which would be considered neutral parties on the battlefield. ... More


Refugees

David Weissbrodt

in The Human Rights of Non-citizens

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199547821
eISBN:
9780191720086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547821.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter begins with discussion of the definition of ‘refugee’ under the 1951 Geneva Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees. It then discusses the rights of refugees, protections for ... More


The European Union Qualification Directive: The Creation of a Subsidiary Protection Regime

JANE McADAM

in Complementary Protection in International Refugee Law

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199203062
eISBN:
9780191724169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199203062.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

The concept of subsidiary protection was defined by the Austrian Presidency in 1998 as protection for persons from third states who do not fall within the scope of the Geneva Convention but who still ... More


The 1899 Martens Clause and the 1949 IV Geneva Convention

Helen M. Kinsella

in The Image before the Weapon: A Critical History of the Distinction between Combatant and Civilian

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449031
eISBN:
9780801460784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449031.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter gives an overview of the 1949 IV Geneva Convention Relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, which reflected the treatment of civilians during the Spanish Civil War, ... More


The Spread of Humanitarian Culture Across Borders

Shai M. Dromi

in Above the Fray: The Red Cross and the Making of the Humanitarian NGO Sector

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226680101
eISBN:
9780226680385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226680385.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

The international Red Cross movement emerged at a period of rising nationalism in politics and culture, and yet the movement spread across borders with considerable ease. This chapter examines how ... More


Asylum Law in the Context of a European Migration Policy

Kay Hailbronner

in Europe's Area of Freedom, Security, and Justice

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199274659
eISBN:
9780191699771
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199274659.003.0002
Subject:
Law, EU Law

Although asylum applications may be subject to specific regimes, the upsurge of legal immigration of migrant workers from third world countries into the Member States of the European Union has caused ... More


War Crimes

Kevin Jon Heller

in The Nuremberg Military Tribunals and the Origins of International Criminal Law

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199554317
eISBN:
9780191728624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554317.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter examines the tribunals' war-crimes jurisprudence. Section 1 explores when the Hague and Geneva Conventions applied, how the tribunals defined ‘occupation’, and whether the applicability ... More


Confronting Captivity: Britain and the United States and Their POWs in Nazi Germany

Arieh J. Kochavi

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807829400
eISBN:
9781469603636
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807876404_kochavi
Subject:
History, Military History

How was it possible that almost all of the nearly 300,000 British and American troops who fell into German hands during World War II survived captivity in German camps and returned home almost as ... More


So-Called ‘Unprivileged Belligerency’: Spies, Guerrillas, and Saboteurs *

Detlev F. Vagts and Theodor Meron

in Humanizing the Laws of War: Selected Writings of Richard Baxter

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199680252
eISBN:
9780191760181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199680252.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Persons who have engaged in hostile conduct without meeting the qualifications established by Article 4 of the Geneva Prisoners of War Convention of 1949 are not entitled to treatment either as ... More


Displaced Persons in the “Human Rights Revolution”

Gerard Daniel Cohen

in In War's Wake: Europe's Displaced Persons in the Postwar Order

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195399684
eISBN:
9780199918423
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195399684.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The “last million” of European DPs left a strong imprint on human rights law. The enduring spectacle of refugees in occupied Germany placed the question of statelessness at the center of ... More


Inter Arma Caritas: The Cultural Origins of Humanitarian NGOs

Shai M. Dromi

in Above the Fray: The Red Cross and the Making of the Humanitarian NGO Sector

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226680101
eISBN:
9780226680385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226680385.003.0101
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

The Red Cross emerged in 1863 to assist wounded soldiers on the battlefield, and received widespread acclaim. However, mid-nineteenth-century Europe was already brimming with ideas for improving ... More


Exchanging Seriously Wounded and Sick Pows

Arieh J. Kochavi

in Confronting Captivity: Britain and the United States and Their POWs in Nazi Germany

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807829400
eISBN:
9781469603636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807876404_kochavi.9
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter examines the complex negotiations among Nazi Germany, Britain, and the United States for the mutual repatriation of seriously wounded and seriously sick prisoners of war (POWs) during ... More


Deportation of Civilians as a War Crime under Customary Law

Theodor Meron

in War Crimes Law Comes of Age: Essays

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198268567
eISBN:
9780191683534
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198268567.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter demonstrates, largely through an analysis of the Nuremberg jurisprudence, that deportations from occupied territories had been prohibited under customary international law already prior ... More


International Law of Belligerent Occupation

David Kretzmer and Yaël Ronen

in The Occupation of Justice: The Supreme Court of Israel and the Occupied Territories

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780190696023
eISBN:
9780190696054
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190696023.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter examines the Court’s decisions on the applicability of the belligerent law of occupation to the Occupied Territories and the enforcement of that body of law by the Court. It explains the ... More


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