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Black Hospitals and White Philanthropy

Vanessa Northington Gamble

in Making a Place for Ourselves: The Black Hospital Movement, 1920–1945

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195078893
eISBN:
9780199853762
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195078893.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Raising funds was one of the difficulties faced by hospital reformers in their aim to support black hospitals. Given the lack of financial capabilities of the patients and the increasing expense of ... More


Gendered Consequences of Vocational Training

Margarita Estévez-Abe

in The Political Economy of Collective Skill Formation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199599431
eISBN:
9780191731518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599431.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

This chapter delves into the gendered effects of different training and educational systems. It poses the following three questions. Are some specific types of vocational training and educational ... More


Democratic Minds for a Complex Society

Jamie Cohen-Cole

in The Open Mind: Cold War Politics and the Sciences of Human Nature

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226092164
eISBN:
9780226092331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226092331.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the debate over pedagogy that roiled education and policymaking circles in the 1930s and first half of the 1940s. Discussions were imbued with politics and with midcentury ... More


“The Thrill of This State-Building Work”

Joan Malczewski

in Building a New Educational State: Foundations, Schools, and the American South

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226394626
eISBN:
9780226394763
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226394763.003.0002
Subject:
Education, History of Education

Chapter One explores the emergence of three 20th Century foundations that promoted southern education reform, the General Education Board, the Rosenwald Fund, and the Negro Rural School Fund (Jeanes ... More


Educational Policy Actors as Stakeholders in the Development of the Collective Skill System: The Case of Switzerland

Philipp Gonon and Markus Maurer

in The Political Economy of Collective Skill Formation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199599431
eISBN:
9780191731518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599431.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

The historical development of Switzerland’s collective skill formation system is strongly interrelated with the structure and overall trajectory of the country’s political economic system. From early ... More


An Institutional History of the GED

Lois M. Quinn

in The Myth of Achievement Tests: The GED and the Role of Character in American Life

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226100098
eISBN:
9780226100128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226100128.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter provides a history of the GED test from its inception in 1943 as a college placement exam for wounded World War II veterans and later as a requirement for GIs to meet before receiving ... More


Rockefeller Rural Development: From the US Cotton Belt to Mexico

Tore C. Olsson

in Agrarian Crossings: Reformers and the Remaking of the US and Mexican Countryside

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691165202
eISBN:
9781400888054
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691165202.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines the Rockefeller philanthropies' winding road into Mexico, beginning at the dawn of the twentieth century and culminating in the establishment of the Mexican Agricultural Program ... More


A Southern University and a Northern Progressive 1917–1920

Eric A. Moyen

in Frank L. McVey and the University of Kentucky: A Progressive President and the Modernization of a Southern University

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813129839
eISBN:
9780813135694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813129839.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

As Frank McVey hastily accepted the University of Kentucky presidency, some believe that this was because he needed to avoid tension brewing in North Dakota. Abraham Flexner, who served as the ... More


The Takeoff Period: 1946—1970

Steven Brint and Jerome Karabel

in The Diverted Dream: Community Colleges and the Promise of Educational Opportunity in America, 1900-1985

Published in print:
1989
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195048155
eISBN:
9780197560044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195048155.003.0007
Subject:
Education, Organization and Management of Education

At the end of World War II, a sense of expectancy pervaded America’s colleges and universities. Enrollments had dropped during the war years, and many institutions looked forward to the return of ... More


Organizing a National Education Movement: 1900—1945

Steven Brint and Jerome Karabel

in The Diverted Dream: Community Colleges and the Promise of Educational Opportunity in America, 1900-1985

Published in print:
1989
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195048155
eISBN:
9780197560044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195048155.003.0006
Subject:
Education, Organization and Management of Education

Of all the changes in American higher education in the twentieth century, none has had a greater impact than the rise of the two-year, junior college. Yet this institution, which we now take for ... More


Early Life and Education 1906–1930

Carlos Kevin Blanton

in George I. Sánchez: The Long Fight for Mexican American Integration

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780300190328
eISBN:
9780300210422
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300190328.003.0002
Subject:
History, Latin American History

The early life of George I. Sánchez is a narrative of educational triumph at a time when Chicana/o experiences with public schools in the U.S. were uniformly negative. He overcame a childhood of ... More


Medical Education, 1900–1950: Clinical Teaching

William G. Rothstein

in American Medical Schools and the Practice of Medicine: A History

Published in print:
1987
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195041866
eISBN:
9780197559994
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195041866.003.0017
Subject:
Education, History of Education

The professionalization of academic medicine occurred in the clinical as well as the basic science curriculum. Full-time clinical faculty members replaced part-time faculty members in the wealthier ... More


New Mexico Schools and New Deal Politics 1930–1935

Carlos Kevin Blanton

in George I. Sánchez: The Long Fight for Mexican American Integration

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780300190328
eISBN:
9780300210422
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300190328.003.0003
Subject:
History, Latin American History

George I. Sánchez was a devotee of the intellectual tenets of the Progressive Education Movement, particularly its social reconstructionist wing, and of the New Deal. The GEB funded a small division ... More


Assimilative Tendencies and Curricular Crosscurrents

Philip Gleason

in Contending with Modernity: Catholic Higher Education in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195098280
eISBN:
9780197560884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195098280.003.0018
Subject:
Education, History of Education

Besides its massive impact on the institutional side of Catholic higher education, World War II affected the thinking of Catholic educators. We have already touched upon this dimension in noting ... More


Making the University Safe for Democracy, 1902-1910

P.C Kemeny

in Princeton in the Nation's Service: Religious Ideals and Educational Practice, 1868-1928

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195120714
eISBN:
9780197561263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195120714.003.0008
Subject:
Education, History of Education

The service of institutions of learning is not private but public,” Woodrow Wilson proclaimed at his inauguration as Princeton University’s thirteenth president. Princeton for the Nation’s ... More


The college

Morton Keller and Phyllis Keller

in Making Harvard Modern: The Rise of America's University

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195144574
eISBN:
9780197561829
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195144574.003.0007
Subject:
Education, History of Education

When Conant became president, Harvard College students were male, almost all white, primarily Unitarian, Congregationalist, or Episcopalian in religion, predominantly from New England. Brahmin ... More


University Reform: Threat or Opportunity

Paul Lauter

in Canons and Contexts

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195055931
eISBN:
9780197560228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195055931.003.0017
Subject:
Education, Philosophy and Theory of Education

When you feel yourself beginning to slide down a cliff, you are not likely to think too hard about what it is you grab to stop the fall. But the choice of handholds makes a difference—the ... More


Crisis and recovery

Morton Keller and Phyllis Keller

in Making Harvard Modern: The Rise of America's University

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195144574
eISBN:
9780197561829
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195144574.003.0020
Subject:
Education, History of Education

Every institution goes through crises produced by a mix of outside stimuli, internal discontent, and administrative failings. In the case of higher education, that happened in the late 1960s: to ... More


The Process of Vocationalization: Mechanisms and Structures

Steven Brint and Jerome Karabel

in The Diverted Dream: Community Colleges and the Promise of Educational Opportunity in America, 1900-1985

Published in print:
1989
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195048155
eISBN:
9780197560044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195048155.003.0011
Subject:
Education, Organization and Management of Education

An atmosphere of amiable routine now surrounds North Shore Community College in the Boston suburb of Beverly. Still located on a main downtown thorough-fare, as it has been since it opened in 1965, ... More


James bryant conant and the meritocratic university

Morton Keller and Phyllis Keller

in Making Harvard Modern: The Rise of America's University

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195144574
eISBN:
9780197561829
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195144574.003.0006
Subject:
Education, History of Education

At the heart of Harvard lay the College. Half of the University’s students were there, as was most of the history that fueled the Harvard mystique. Undergraduate tuition and the contributions of ... More


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