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Disciplines on Trade Instruments

Petros C. Mavroidis

in Trade in Goods: The GATT and the Other Agreements Regulating Trade in Goods

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199552139
eISBN:
9780191716591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552139.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter discusses the manner in which the GATT binds trade instruments, that is, instruments affecting either imported or domestic goods, but not both. The chapter proceeds as follows. Section 2 ... More


From GATT 1947 to GATT 1994

Petros C. Mavroidis

in Trade in Goods: The GATT and the Other Agreements Regulating Trade in Goods

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199552139
eISBN:
9780191716591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552139.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter discusses the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). It begins with a brief account of the origins of the GATT. It then asks the question of why was the GATT needed in the first ... More


Trade in Goods: The GATT and the Other Agreements Regulating Trade in Goods

Petros Mavroidis

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199552139
eISBN:
9780191716591
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552139.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This book analyses the establishment and operation of international agreements regulating trade in goods, focusing on the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). The book outlines the history ... More


The United States and the GATT/WTO System

Gautam Sen

in US Hegemony and International Organizations: The United States and Multilateral Institutions

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199261437
eISBN:
9780191599309
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199261431.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

An examination is made of the relationship between the US and the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), and its successor, the World Trade Organization, addressing the crucial question of ... More


The North American Integration Regime and its Implications for the World Trading System

FREDERICK M. ABBOTT

in The EU, the WTO, and the NAFTA: Towards a Common Law of International Trade?

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199248124
eISBN:
9780191714863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248124.003.0006
Subject:
Law, EU Law

Although the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and European Union (EU) regional integration processes have shortcomings, there is also reason to conclude that these enterprises are ... More


Trade in Goods

Bernard M. Hoekman and Michel M. Kostecki

in The Political Economy of the World Trading System: WTO and Beyond

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294313
eISBN:
9780191596445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829431X.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

The main GATT (General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade) rules on specific instruments of trade control––tariffs, quotas, subsidies, customs procedures, and product standards are described, and the ... More


Adjudication in the GATT/WTO: Making General Exceptions in Trade Law

Ingo Venzke

in How Interpretation Makes International Law: On Semantic Change and Normative Twists

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199657674
eISBN:
9780191753114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199657674.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter introduces international judicial institutions as weighty actors in international legal discourse. It shows how the practice of adjudication in international trade law has shaped the ... More


Unresolved Issues in WTO Law

Bradly J. Condon and Tapen Sinha

in The Role of Climate Change in Global Economic Governance

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199654550
eISBN:
9780191747953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654550.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Public International Law

This chapter analyses unresolved issues in World Trade Organization (WTO) law that may arise from the implementation of climate change policies. These include how to deal with environmental subsidies ... More


From the GATT to the WTO and Beyond

S. P. Shukla

in Governing Globalization: Issues and Institutions

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199254033
eISBN:
9780191698187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199254033.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter analyses the evolution of the international trading system from its inception as the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) in 1947 to its latest incarnation as the World Trade ... More


The World Trade Organization and WMD Dual-Use Export Controls

Daniel H. Joyner

in International Law and the Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199204908
eISBN:
9780191709470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199204908.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter considers one further substantive area of international law which may be included under the umbrella category of non-proliferation law, in that it provides the rules and administrative ... More


Negotiating Forum

Bernard M. Hoekman and Michel M. Kostecki

in The Political Economy of the World Trading System: WTO and Beyond

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294313
eISBN:
9780191596445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829431X.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

An analysis is made of the role of the WTO (World Trade Organization) as a forum for negotiations. Special attention is given to the concept of reciprocity, since this is a central element of ... More


The European Court of Justice and the WTO: Problems and Challenges

JACQUES H. J. BOURGEOIS

in The EU, the WTO, and the NAFTA: Towards a Common Law of International Trade?

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199248124
eISBN:
9780191714863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248124.003.0004
Subject:
Law, EU Law

This chapter examines why the World Trade Organisation, as an international organisation, and the various Agreements that form an integral part of the Agreement establishing the WTO, raise problems ... More


The World Trade Organization

Bernard M. Hoekman and Michel M. Kostecki

in The Political Economy of the World Trading System: WTO and Beyond

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294313
eISBN:
9780191596445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829431X.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

An account is given of the organizational structure of the WTO (World Trade Organization), which was established as a multilateral trade organization on 1 January 1995 to encompass a modified GATT ... More


Judicialization and the Construction of Governance

Alec Stone Sweet

in On Law, Politics, and Judicialization

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199256488
eISBN:
9780191600234
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256489.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This paper, which was originally published in the journal Comparative Political Studies in 1999, is the second of two that elaborate a relatively general approach to judicial politics, which ... More


The GATT and WTO Before the EU Courts: Judicial Avoidance Techniques or a Case Apart?

Mario Mendez

in The Legal Effects of EU Agreements

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199606610
eISBN:
9780191741906
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606610.003.0005
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Private International Law

This chapter examines EU case law on the legal effects of GATT and WTO norms in the EU legal order. The first section assesses GATT-era case law and provides a corrective to the largely one-sided and ... More


Progressive Interpretation of ‘Like’ and ‘directly Competitive or Substitutable’ Products in the Provisions of the GATT/WTO Agreement: Playing the Accordion!

Won-mog Choi

in ‘Like Products’ in International Trade Law: Towards a Consistent GATT/WTO Jurisprudence

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199260782
eISBN:
9780191698682
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199260782.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter discusses the progressive interpretation of the likeness or substitutability concept in each provision of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)/World Trade Organization (WTO) ... More


Safeguards and Exceptions

Bernard M. Hoekman and Michel M. Kostecki

in The Political Economy of the World Trading System: WTO and Beyond

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294313
eISBN:
9780191596445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829431X.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

The various mechanisms allowing for the re‐imposition of trade barriers are discussed in this chapter, which summarizes the rules on––and the economics of––the use of instruments of contingent ... More


Sector‐Specific Multilateral Trade Agreements

Bernard M. Hoekman and Michel M. Kostecki

in The Political Economy of the World Trading System: WTO and Beyond

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294313
eISBN:
9780191596445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829431X.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter looks at the major sector‐specific agreements that have been negotiated under the auspices of GATT (General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade), and in particular at agriculture, and ... More


Applying the Relationship to GATT Law: Across the Rubicon!

Won-mog Choi

in ‘Like Products’ in International Trade Law: Towards a Consistent GATT/WTO Jurisprudence

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199260782
eISBN:
9780191698682
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199260782.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter discusses the analytical framework of the economic analysis. It considers the Conceptual Classification of Relationship between Goods. In addition, the analytical framework for likeness ... More


The Trading System in Perspective

Bernard M. Hoekman and Michel M. Kostecki

in The Political Economy of the World Trading System: WTO and Beyond

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294313
eISBN:
9780191596445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829431X.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Chapter 1 makes up the first part of the book. It presents a brief historical overview of the evolution of the multilateral trading system and introduces the basic functions of the trade regime and ... More


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