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Justice and Punishment: The Rationale of Coercion

Matt Matravers

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295730
eISBN:
9780191599828
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295731.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This book attempts to answer the challenge of showing that morality is not a confidence trick or a fetish. It does so by arguing that moral norms are those that rational, self‐interested people could ... More


The Contract Theory

Tim Mulgan

in Future People: A Moderate Consequentialist Account of our Obligations to Future Generations

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199282203
eISBN:
9780191603624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019928220X.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

One subsidiary aim of this book is to motivate a return to Consequentialism in political philosophy by highlighting its comparative advantage over its main contemporary liberal rival in the area of ... More


Gauthier and the Full‐Knowledge Contract

Margaret Moore

in Foundations of Liberalism

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198273851
eISBN:
9780191599934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198273851.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Gauthier and the Full‐knowledge Contract. This chapter examines Gauthier's Morals by Agreement, which generates principles of justice from the starting point of the individual agent as ... More


Justice as Mutual Advantage

Matt Matravers

in Justice and Punishment: The Rationale of Coercion

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295730
eISBN:
9780191599828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295731.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

‘Justice as mutual advantage’ theorists argue that moral norms are those that rational, self‐interested persons would accept in regulating the pursuit of their self‐interest. Taking David Gauthier's ... More


Contemporary Meta‐Ethical Alternatives: Humanistic Naturalism

C. Stephen Evans

in Kierkegaard's Ethic of Love: Divine Commands and Moral Obligations

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199272174
eISBN:
9780191602061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272174.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Naturalistic humanism is another possible alternative to divine command theory. David Gauthier, in Morals by Agreement, rejects any objective theory of value, relying instead on the creation of ... More


The Self‐Interest‐Based Contractarian Response to the Skeptic

Anita M. Superson

in The Moral Skeptic

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195376623
eISBN:
9780199871551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195376623.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

This chapter examines the self‐interest based contractarian response to the skeptic. Such contractarians (e.g., Gauthier) reject the Hobbesian strategy of demonstrating that every morally required ... More


Contractarianism

Ian Malcolm David Little

in Ethics, Economics, and Politics: Principles of Public Policy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199257041
eISBN:
9780191601293
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257043.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Contractarianism is more than a theory of the origin or legitimacy of states. Agreements required for productive cooperation, or merely for peaceful coexistence, are held to be the basis for ... More


A Contract on Future Generations?

Stephen M. Gardiner

in Intergenerational Justice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199282951
eISBN:
9780191712319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282951.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Contract theories — such as contractarianism and contractualism — seek to justify (and sometimes to explain) moral and political ideals and principles through the notion of ‘mutually agreeable ... More


The First Challenge: Making Sense of Utility and Preference

José Luis Bermúdez

in Decision Theory and Rationality

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199548026
eISBN:
9780191720246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548026.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

This chapter explores how the different dimensions of rationality impose conflicting requirements and constraints upon the central notions of decision theory — the notions of utility and preference. ... More


The limits of Hobbesian contractualism

Nicholas Southwood

in Contractualism and the Foundations of Morality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199539659
eISBN:
9780191594908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539659.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter aims to assess Hobbesian contractualism or contractarianism as an account of morality's foundations, focusing on the influential version advanced by David Gauthier: morals by agreement. ... More


Without Me, Without You: Cooperation and Scarcity

Gijs van Donselaar

in The Right to Exploit: Parasitism, Scarcity, and Basic Income

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195140392
eISBN:
9780199871483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195140392.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In Morals by Agreement David Gauthier seeks to demonstrate that compliance with what he calls “the Lockean proviso,”—which prohibits taking advantage of other people—is individually rational. This ... More


The Benefit of Another's Pains: Original Acquisition and Parasitic Action

Gijs van Donselaar

in The Right to Exploit: Parasitism, Scarcity, and Basic Income

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195140392
eISBN:
9780199871483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195140392.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

David Gauthier's “Lockean proviso” implied the prohibition of parasitic actions—actions that improve one's position through the worsening of the position of someone else. This chapter tests the ... More


Natural Rights: Descriptive and Prescriptive

DAVID BOUCHER

in The Limits of Ethics in International Relations: Natural Law, Natural Rights, and Human Rights in Transition

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199203529
eISBN:
9780191695490
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199203529.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

This chapter discusses the need to distinguish the descriptive and prescriptive traditions of natural rights. It contends that if either of the above has a claim to secularizing subjective rights, it ... More


Substitutes for God’s Assistance

JOHN E. HARE

in The Moral Gap: Kantian Ethics, Human Limits, and God's Assistance

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198269571
eISBN:
9780191683701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269571.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Theology

This chapter examines attempts in naturalistic ethics to bridge the moral gap. These include the works of Donald Campbell, David Gauthier, and Allan Gibbard. These authors suggested bridging the ... More


Javaphilia: American Love Affairs with Javanese Music and Dance

Henry Spiller

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824840945
eISBN:
9780824868161
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824840945.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

Javaphilia investigates North American orientalisms that emerged over the course of the 20th century when artists engaged with performing arts of Java. These “javaphiles,” along with subsequent ... More


Alternative Justifications for Morality

James P. Sterba

in From Rationality to Equality

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199580767
eISBN:
9780191745836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580767.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

In general, there are three kinds of justifications for morality that must be taken into account before the justification provided in this book can be fully endorsed. First, there is a need to ... More


The Role of a Merit Principle in Distributive Justice

Catherine Wilson

in Moral Animals: Ideals and Constraints in Moral Theory

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199267675
eISBN:
9780191601859
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199267677.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

An objection to egalitarianism is that social dominance and variance in well‐being are not arbitrary and unjust insofar as they flow from differences in merit, understood as competence and ... More


Morality and the theory of rational choice

Jules L. Coleman

in Markets, Morals, and the Law

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199253609
eISBN:
9780191719783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199253609.003.0013
Subject:
Law, Competition Law

This chapter considers the possibility of analysing morality as a solution to the problem of market failure. Here, morality is viewed as the outcome of a rational bargain nested in a prisoners' ... More


Chimin Kwaze: Crossing Paths, or Haitian Dancemaking in Port-au-Prince

Celia Weiss Bambara (ed.)

in Making Caribbean Dance: Continuity and Creativity in Island Cultures

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780813034676
eISBN:
9780813046303
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813034676.003.0011
Subject:
Music, Dance

Celia Weiss Bambara focuses on three dancemakers of different generations in early 21st century Port-au-Prince, Haiti, Viviane Gauthier, Florencia Pierre, and Nicole Lumarque. Each of these Haitian ... More


Morality and Happiness

Kelly James Clark and Andrew Samuel

in Evidence and Religious Belief

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199603718
eISBN:
9780191729287
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603718.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Religion

Social contract theorists offer well-developed answers to the question ‘Why Be Moral?’. According to social contract theories of morality, right and wrong are constituted by the agreement among ... More


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