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Calculations and Simulations

Burak Erman and James E. Mark

in Structures and Properties of Rubberlike Networks

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195082371
eISBN:
9780197560433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195082371.003.0010
Subject:
Chemistry, Materials Chemistry

The classical theories of rubber elasticity are based on the Gaussian chain model. The only molecular parameter that enters these theories is the mean-square end-to-end separation of the chains ... More


Networks Having Multimodal Chain-Length Distributions

Burak Erman and James E. Mark

in Structures and Properties of Rubberlike Networks

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195082371
eISBN:
9780197560433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195082371.003.0015
Subject:
Chemistry, Materials Chemistry

As was mentioned in chapter 10, end-linking reactions can be used to make networks of known structures, including those having unusual chain-length distributions. One of the uses of networks having ... More


Classical Theories of Rubber Elasticity

Burak Erman and James E. Mark

in Structures and Properties of Rubberlike Networks

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195082371
eISBN:
9780197560433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195082371.003.0004
Subject:
Chemistry, Materials Chemistry

This chapter describes three molecular theories of rubber elasticity. Section 2.1 outlines the elementary theory of Kuhn and Treloar, which is of particular importance since it presents the basic ... More


Networks with Semiflexible Chains and Networks Exhibiting Strain-Induced Crystallization

Burak Erman and James E. Mark

in Structures and Properties of Rubberlike Networks

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195082371
eISBN:
9780197560433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195082371.003.0014
Subject:
Chemistry, Materials Chemistry

Classical theories of rubber elasticity are based on models of flexible polymer chains that are sufficiently long to exhibit Gaussian behavior as described in chapter 1 and in appendix F. ... More


Intermolecular Effects: I. The Constrained-Junction Model

Burak Erman and James E. Mark

in Structures and Properties of Rubberlike Networks

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195082371
eISBN:
9780197560433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195082371.003.0005
Subject:
Chemistry, Materials Chemistry

The classical theories of rubber elasticity presented in chapter 2 are based on a hypothetical chain which may pass freely through its neighbors as well as through itself. In a real chain, however, ... More


Overview and Some Fundamental Information

Burak Erman and James E. Mark

in Structures and Properties of Rubberlike Networks

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195082371
eISBN:
9780197560433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195082371.003.0003
Subject:
Chemistry, Materials Chemistry

This chapter is a brief overview of the topics treated in the book. It is aimed, in particular, at providing some qualitative information on rubber elasticity theories and their relationships to ... More


Small-Angle Neutron Scattering

Burak Erman and James E. Mark

in Structures and Properties of Rubberlike Networks

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195082371
eISBN:
9780197560433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195082371.003.0016
Subject:
Chemistry, Materials Chemistry

Small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) experiments from networks were initiated by Benoit and collaborators in the mid-1970s. Currently, SANS is an important major technique used in studying network ... More


Segmental Orientation

Burak Erman and James E. Mark

in Structures and Properties of Rubberlike Networks

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195082371
eISBN:
9780197560433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195082371.003.0013
Subject:
Chemistry, Materials Chemistry

Segmental or molecular orientation refers to the anisotropic distribution of chain-segment orientations in space, due to the orienting effect of some external agent. In the case of uniaxially ... More


Swelling of Networks

Burak Erman and James E. Mark

in Structures and Properties of Rubberlike Networks

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195082371
eISBN:
9780197560433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195082371.003.0008
Subject:
Chemistry, Materials Chemistry

In the preceding chapter, the stress-strain behavior of networks was described for the case where the swollen network was assumed to be a thermodynamically closed system (such that solvent ... More


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