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Nuclear fusion reactions

Stefano Atzeni and JÜrgen Meyer-Ter-Vehn

in The Physics of Inertial Fusion: BeamPlasma Interaction, Hydrodynamics, Hot Dense Matter

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198562641
eISBN:
9780191714030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198562641.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

This chapter discusses nuclear fusion reactions. The concepts of reaction cross-section and of Maxwell-averaged reactivity are defined, and the standard parametrization of these two important ... More


The Hot Big Bang

HELGE S. KRAGH

in Conceptions of Cosmos: From Myths to the Accelerating Universe: A History of Cosmology

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199209163
eISBN:
9780191706219
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199209163.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter focuses on the emergence and development of the Big Bang theory of the universe, from the mid 1940s to the late 1970s. George Gamow, a main figure in this development, developed an early ... More


The Battle for the Cosmos!

Nicholas Mee

in The Cosmic Mystery Tour

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780198831860
eISBN:
9780191869785
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198831860.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, History of Physics

We now know the universe began with the Big Bang 13.8 billion years ago, but for several years debate raged between the supporters of the Big Bang theory led by George Gamow and supporters of the ... More


Other Emerging Genres of Synthesis: From the Fabulaic to the Foundational

Nasser Zakariya

in A Final Story: Science, Myth, and Beginnings

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226476124
eISBN:
9780226500737
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226500737.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter begins to trace the development of contributions of fabulaic, foundational, and historical genres in relation to a universal historical synthesis. Harlow Shapley and George Gamow play a ... More


Humanisms, Nuclear Histories, and Nuclear Ages

Nasser Zakariya

in A Final Story: Science, Myth, and Beginnings

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226476124
eISBN:
9780226500737
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226500737.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The provisional structure and authorship of a new collective final story relates to scientific ethical discourses and to the nuclear and cosmological science of Gamow and co-authors, of Edward ... More


Nuclear Physics

Nicholas Manton and Nicholas Mee

in The Physical World: An Inspirational Tour of Fundamental Physics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198795933
eISBN:
9780191837111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198795933.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The chapter gives an overview of nuclear physics from the discovery of the neutron to ongoing research topics. General properties of atomic nuclei are considered: the valley of stability, the nuclear ... More


Nuclear Fusion in Stars

Prasenjit Saha and Paul A. Taylor

in The Astronomers' Magic Envelope: An Introduction to Astrophysics Emphasizing General Principles and Orders of Magnitude

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198816461
eISBN:
9780191858246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198816461.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter enumerates some of the many nuclear reactions in stars. It focuses on a general principle: nuclear fusion requires overcoming the Coulomb barrier between nuclei, which is possible ... More


The Big Bang: discovery

Robert T. Hanlon

in Block by Block: The Historical and Theoretical Foundations of Thermodynamics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780198851547
eISBN:
9780191886133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198851547.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

A very small number of very smart individuals discovered the Big Bang (as it became known) and its aftermath. The fact that the stars are all moving away from us in a structured ... More


George Gamow: Nuclear Physics and the Early Universe

Helge Kragh

in Masters of the Universe: Conversations with Cosmologists of the Past

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198722892
eISBN:
9780191789564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198722892.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The Russian-American nuclear physicist was a pioneer in what came to be known as big bang cosmology. In this interview of 1956 he explained how he got the idea of accounting for the abundances of ... More


Fusion in the Sun: A Primer in Quantum Physics

E. L. Wolf

in Physics and Technology of Sustainable Energy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198769804
eISBN:
9780191822636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198769804.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

Protons in the Sun’s core are a dense plasma allowing fusion events where two protons initially join to produce a deuteron. Eventually this leads to alpha particles, the mass-four nucleus of helium, ... More


Fossils: Microwave Radiation and Light Elements

P. J. E. Peebles

in Cosmology's Century: An Inside History of Our Modern Understanding of the Universe

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780691196022
eISBN:
9780691201665
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691196022.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter focuses on the informative fossils left from a time when the universe was very different from now, dense and hot enough to produce the light elements and the sea of thermal radiation ... More


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