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On Gaia: A Critical Investigation of the Relationship between Life and Earth

Toby Tyrrell

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691121581
eISBN:
9781400847914
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691121581.001.0001
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

One of the enduring questions about our planet is how it has remained continuously habitable over vast stretches of geological time despite the fact that its atmosphere and climate are potentially ... More


Fundamental Processes in Ecology: An earth systems approach

David M Wilkinson

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568469
eISBN:
9780191717611
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568469.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This book raises and attempts to answer the following thought experiment: ‘For any planet with carbon-based life, which persists over geological time-scales, what is the minimum set of ecological ... More


Where Their Spirit Lives On

Michael J Lannoo

in Leopold's Shack and Ricketts's Lab: The Emergence of Environmentalism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520264786
eISBN:
9780520946064
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520264786.003.0018
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The spirit of Aldo Leopold and Edward F. Ricketts persists, and there is some welcome evidence that it may be growing. Professionally, the spirit of Leopold and Ricketts is found in the facts of ... More


From processes to systems

David M. Wilkinson

in Fundamental Processes in Ecology: An earth systems approach

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568469
eISBN:
9780191717611
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568469.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter draws together the various themes in the book and argues for the importance of a systems view of global ecology. It also briefly considers models which may help understand the evolution ... More


Nutrient cycling as an emergent property

David M. Wilkinson

in Fundamental Processes in Ecology: An earth systems approach

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568469
eISBN:
9780191717611
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568469.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Arguments based on both in vitro and in silico models suggest that biogeochemical cycles will readily evolve on planets with life, along with many of the putative fundamental processes described in ... More


Gaia, the Grand Idea

Toby Tyrrell

in On Gaia: A Critical Investigation of the Relationship between Life and Earth

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691121581
eISBN:
9781400847914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691121581.003.0001
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This introductory chapter discusses the Gaia hypothesis as well as two other competing hypotheses. Gaia, the idea that life moderates the global environment to make it more favorable for life, was ... More


Good Citizens or Selfish Genes?

Toby Tyrrell

in On Gaia: A Critical Investigation of the Relationship between Life and Earth

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691121581
eISBN:
9781400847914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691121581.003.0002
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter assesses whether Gaia arises predictably out of natural selection. It seems that natural selection leads to local regulation of environments only in certain circumstances: either inside ... More


Life at the Edge: Lesons from Extremophiles

Toby Tyrrell

in On Gaia: A Critical Investigation of the Relationship between Life and Earth

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691121581
eISBN:
9781400847914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691121581.003.0003
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter begins by reviewing the most recent research on extremophiles. It then examines the suggestion that the suitability of the planetary environment for life is strong evidence in favor of ... More


A Stable or an Unstable World?

Toby Tyrrell

in On Gaia: A Critical Investigation of the Relationship between Life and Earth

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691121581
eISBN:
9781400847914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691121581.003.0008
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter examines the claim of Earth's stability by looking at data pertaining to past variability of the Earth environment. The Gaia hypothesis proposes that life has had a hand on the tiller of ... More


The Puzzle of Life’s Long Persistence

Toby Tyrrell

in On Gaia: A Critical Investigation of the Relationship between Life and Earth

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691121581
eISBN:
9781400847914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691121581.003.0009
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter looks at two separate viewpoints which can be used as a foundation for the consideration of what long-term life persistence means for the evaluation of Gaia. As part of describing one ... More


Conclusions

Toby Tyrrell

in On Gaia: A Critical Investigation of the Relationship between Life and Earth

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691121581
eISBN:
9781400847914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691121581.003.0010
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This concluding chapter evaluates the Gaia hypothesis. Based on the evidence studied in this book, the chapter argues that the Gaia hypothesis is not a reasonable picture of how Earth and life ... More


The Unconstructable Earth

Frédéric Neyrat

in The Unconstructable Earth: An Ecology of Separation

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780823282586
eISBN:
9780823284931
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823282586.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

In chapter 13 Neyrat summarizes a variety of conceptions of of the Earth conceived from various actors, from the early founding thinkers of the environmental and ecology movements in the United ... More


On the Wings of a Dove

Mark I. Wallace

in When God Was a Bird: Christianity, Animism, and the Re-Enchantment of the World

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780823281329
eISBN:
9780823284955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823281329.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Using James Lovelock’s Gaia theory and biblical exegesis, chapter 5 maintains that Earth is a sentient organism with its own moods, relational capacities, and vulnerability to suffering. This “living ... More


Clarifying Gaia: Regulation with or without Natural Selection

Timothy M. Lenton

in Scientists Debate Gaia: The Next Century

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262194983
eISBN:
9780262283182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262194983.003.0003
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter attempts to resolve current debates about the Gaia theory. First, it presents a definition of Gaia as a type of planetary-scale, open thermodynamic system, with abundant life supported ... More


Transmythologies

Maria Voyatzaki

in Architectural Materialisms: Nonhuman Creativity

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781474420570
eISBN:
9781474453905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474420570.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

Maria Voyatzaki begins by dwelling on the question: if technical, material objects are inorganic, organised beings, possessing their own dynamics that give to matter the hallmark of vital activity ... More


Gaia and the Ghedeist: Secular Spirituality

Glenn A. Albrecht

in Earth Emotions: New Words for a New World

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781501715228
eISBN:
9781501715242
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501715228.003.0006
Subject:
History, Environmental History

The chapter reinforces the role of positive earth emotions by putting them all within the context of a secular land or earth 'spirituality'. Negative Earth emotions can only manifest themselves if ... More


Self-Organizing Systems and Mind in Nature

Daniel Belgrad

in The Culture of Feedback: Ecological Thinking in Seventies America

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780226652368
eISBN:
9780226652672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226652672.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter focuses on the implications and influence of general systems theory, which in the late sixties and early seventies clarified the theoretical underpinnings of ecological thinking. General ... More


Thinking Like a Planet: The Land Ethic and the Earth Ethic

J. Baird Callicott

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199324880
eISBN:
9780199347285
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199324880.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

Aldo Leopold’s land ethic is located in an evolutionary-ecological worldview: Homo sapiens is “kin” to all other “fellow voyagers in the odyssey of evolution” and is a “plain member and citizen” of a ... More


Terraforming: Engineering Imaginary Environments

Chris Pak

in Terraforming: Ecopolitical Transformations and Environmentalism in Science Fiction

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781781382844
eISBN:
9781786945426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781781382844.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

Beginning with the coining of “terraforming” by science fiction writer Jack Williamson, this chapter explores the boundaries of the term in scientific discourse and in fiction, focusing attention on ... More


Landscaping Nature’s Otherness in Pre-1960s Terraforming and Proto-Gaian Stories

Chris Pak

in Terraforming: Ecopolitical Transformations and Environmentalism in Science Fiction

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781781382844
eISBN:
9781786945426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781781382844.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter brings to bear environmental philosopher Keekok Lee’s three fundamental environmental theses (the Asymmetry, Autonomy and No-Teleology Theses) to consider how science fiction constructs ... More


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