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Evolution of the Government Procurement Agreement Model and Procurement Linkages

Christopher McCrudden

in Buying Social Justice: Equality, Government Procurement, and Legal Change

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199232420
eISBN:
9780191716058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232420.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, EU Law

This chapter examines the original negotiations in the OECD that paved the way for the development of the GPA. These negotiations took place against a background of domestic use of procurement ... More


Interpreting the Government Procurement Agreement

Christopher McCrudden

in Buying Social Justice: Equality, Government Procurement, and Legal Change

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199232420
eISBN:
9780191716058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232420.003.0015
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, EU Law

This chapter examines the relationship between procurement linkages and the interpretation of the existing GPA. If a state subject to GPA disciplines takes action on status equality using procurement ... More


Identities for Control and Success: The Acquisition of Psychological Capital

Peter Demerath

in Producing Success: The Culture of Personal Advancement in an American High School

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226142395
eISBN:
9780226142425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226142425.003.0005
Subject:
Education, Secondary Education

This chapter talks about the high-achieving students in the school. The chapter inventories the suite of identity characteristics in these students that were oriented toward controlling their school ... More


“Generation Stress” and School Success

Peter Demerath

in Producing Success: The Culture of Personal Advancement in an American High School

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226142395
eISBN:
9780226142425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226142425.003.0007
Subject:
Education, Secondary Education

This chapter discusses how the achievement-oriented Burnham students went through their daily lives with more or less ever-present high levels of stress and fatigue, and it relates important gender ... More


International Disciplines on Government Procurement *

Bernard Hoekman and Simon Evenett

in Handbook of Trade Policy for Development

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199680405
eISBN:
9780191760266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199680405.003.0027
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Public procurement is one of the few major policy areas where WTO members continue to have discretion to discriminate at will against foreign suppliers. Limitations on the ability to discriminate ... More


The Evolving GPA: Lessons of Experience and Prospects for the Future

Arwel Davies

in The Internationalization of Government Procurement Regulation

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198796749
eISBN:
9780191837975
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198796749.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, International

The WTO Agreement on Government Procurement (GPA) is the most significant international instrument of procurement market liberalization. This chapter assesses the GPA’s development and objectives ... More


The Government Procurement Agreement, the Most-Favored Nation Principle, and Regional Trade Agreements

Kamala Dawar

in The Internationalization of Government Procurement Regulation

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198796749
eISBN:
9780191837975
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198796749.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, International

This chapter examines the nature and application of the most-favored nation (MFN) principle under the WTO Agreement on Government Procurement (GPA), and the General Agreement on Trade in Services ... More


Public Procurement in the EU

Carlo Maria Cantore and Sübidey Togan

in The Internationalization of Government Procurement Regulation

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198796749
eISBN:
9780191837975
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198796749.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, International

This chapter provides a brief review of the EU’s public procurement regulations and discusses the changes introduced by three directives in 2014. It then describes the EU regime for, and experience ... More


Public Procurement in Global and Regional Trade Agreements: Lessons Learned in Armenia

Eliza Niewiadomska and Astghik Solomonyan

in The Internationalization of Government Procurement Regulation

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198796749
eISBN:
9780191837975
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198796749.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, International

The EBRD-UNCITRAL Public Procurement Reform Initiative is a technical cooperation program of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) and the United Nations Commission for ... More


Internationalization of Public Procurement Law and Relevance of International Norms and Frameworks: The Case of China

Cao Fuguo and Zhou Fen

in The Internationalization of Government Procurement Regulation

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198796749
eISBN:
9780191837975
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198796749.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, International

This chapter reviews the main attributes of the Chinese public procurement laws, identifying the areas where international norms are relevant. It reviews the procurement issues in the PTAs to which ... More


Public Procurement

Billy A. Melo Araujo

in The EU Deep Trade Agenda: Law and Policy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780198753384
eISBN:
9780191815010
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198753384.003.0008
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Company and Commercial Law

This chapter aims to examine how the EU is currently conducting its deep trade agenda in the area of public procurement and attempts to determine the extent to which the EU’s current drive to open ... More


Grades: Communication Breakdown

Jason Brennan and Phillip Magness

in Cracks in the Ivory Tower: The Moral Mess of Higher Education

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780190846282
eISBN:
9780190932824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190846282.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter assesses how professors grade students. It argues that the practice of grading is replete with problems. Grades are a kind of language. They are meant to be a form of communication. They ... More


SME Participation in Government Procurement Markets: Legal and Policy Considerations under the WTO Agreement on Government Procurement and the UNCITRAL Model Law on Public Procurement

Caroline Nicholas and Anna Caroline Müller

in Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises in International Economic Law

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780198795650
eISBN:
9780191836961
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198795650.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter considers policy measures to increase the participation of SMEs in government procurement and their potential economic and social policy benefits. It considers the scale and importance ... More


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