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The Making of the Fulbright Program, 1946–1961: Architecture, Philosophy, and Narrative

Lonnie R. Johnson

in The Legacy of J. William Fulbright: Policy, Power, and Ideology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780813177700
eISBN:
9780813177717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813177700.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The Fulbright program was an unprecedented and innovative enterprise that laid the foundations for development of international education in the United States and abroad after World War II. After its ... More


‘Meeting [our] domestic Communism problem’: Cold War governance and the public university

Alice Garner and Diane Kirkby

in Academic ambassadors, Pacific allies: Australia, America and the Fulbright Program

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781526128973
eISBN:
9781526142030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526128973.003.0006
Subject:
History, World Modern History

During the Cold War the Fulbright program was considered an effective arm of US ‘soft power’ and cultural diplomacy. The US saw Australia as strategically valuable in the Asia-Pacific region of the ... More


Education, or ‘part of our foreign policy’?: At war in Vietnam

Alice Garner and Diane Kirkby

in Academic ambassadors, Pacific allies: Australia, America and the Fulbright Program

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781526128973
eISBN:
9781526142030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526128973.003.0007
Subject:
History, World Modern History

By the early 1960s the original Fulbright Agreement had expired and a new one was negotiated, as a binational agreement with the Australian government providing equal funding. This was signed in ... More


‘Experience is the only teacher’: Academic ambassadors interpret ‘mutual understanding’

Alice Garner and Diane Kirkby

in Academic ambassadors, Pacific allies: Australia, America and the Fulbright Program

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781526128973
eISBN:
9781526142030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526128973.003.0008
Subject:
History, World Modern History

The Vietnam War posed significant challenges to academics on educational exchange who were expected under the Fulbright program to be ambassadors as well as researchers. The CIA surveillance of the ... More


‘Just because one is a woman’: Forging careers and changing the gender landscape

Alice Garner and Diane Kirkby

in Academic ambassadors, Pacific allies: Australia, America and the Fulbright Program

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781526128973
eISBN:
9781526142030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526128973.003.0009
Subject:
History, World Modern History

Women were recipients of awards under the Fulbright program from the first year of its existence in Australia. They were keen to take advantage of the opportunity for educational exchange and in ... More


Fulbright Women in the Global Intellectual Elite

Molly Bettie

in The Legacy of J. William Fulbright: Policy, Power, and Ideology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780813177700
eISBN:
9780813177717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813177700.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Since 1946, the Fulbright program has offered women opportunities to expand their horizons and engage with the global intellectual elite. In turn, they have contributed a great deal to the exchange ... More


‘Mutual benefit’ v. ‘the needs of the country’: Programming academic fields

Alice Garner and Diane Kirkby

in Academic ambassadors, Pacific allies: Australia, America and the Fulbright Program

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781526128973
eISBN:
9781526142030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526128973.003.0005
Subject:
History, World Modern History

A vital aspect of the Fulbright program’s history is showing how the program influenced changes, especially in the development of academic fields. The field of research emphases in awards reveals how ... More


The Meaning of Educational Exchange: The Nationalist Exceptionalism of Fulbright’s Liberal Internationalism

Sam Lebovic

in The Legacy of J. William Fulbright: Policy, Power, and Ideology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780813177700
eISBN:
9780813177717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813177700.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines Fulbright’s theories of cultural exchange to understand the substance and assumptions of his commitment to liberal internationalism. It shows that his assumption that ... More


‘Free gift’ or ‘infiltration’?: Negotiating the Fulbright Agreement

Alice Garner and Diane Kirkby

in Academic ambassadors, Pacific allies: Australia, America and the Fulbright Program

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781526128973
eISBN:
9781526142030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526128973.003.0002
Subject:
History, World Modern History

The Australian Fulbright program began in a period of deepening Cold War tensions. US suspicions of the Australian Labor Party government and Australian negotiators’ suspicions of US cultural ... More


From ‘White Australia’ to ‘the race question in America’: Confronting racial diversity

Alice Garner and Diane Kirkby

in Academic ambassadors, Pacific allies: Australia, America and the Fulbright Program

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781526128973
eISBN:
9781526142030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526128973.003.0010
Subject:
History, World Modern History

How did the Fulbright program evolve in relation to the challenge of racial diversity? For the first several decades of the Fulbright program Australia had a mass immigration program and a White ... More


‘In the climate of continuing financial restraint’: Finding a sustainable future in the neo-liberal university

Alice Garner and Diane Kirkby

in Academic ambassadors, Pacific allies: Australia, America and the Fulbright Program

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781526128973
eISBN:
9781526142030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526128973.003.0011
Subject:
History, World Modern History

The impact of neo-liberalism on the university sector had profound consequences for the Fulbright program’s ability to support academic research. Binationalism had meant the Australian Fulbright ... More


The Effects of the Foreign Fulbright Program on Knowledge Creation in Science and Engineering

Shulamit Kahn and Megan MacGarvie

in The Rate and Direction of Inventive Activity Revisited

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226473031
eISBN:
9780226473062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226473062.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter explores the impact of scientific mobility, focusing on the Fulbright Foreign Student Program, which since 1946 has brought students from many countries to undertake graduate studies in ... More


‘A steady stream of new problems’: Politics and teething issues

Alice Garner and Diane Kirkby

in Academic ambassadors, Pacific allies: Australia, America and the Fulbright Program

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781526128973
eISBN:
9781526142030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526128973.003.0003
Subject:
History, World Modern History

The Australian Fulbright program was implemented after the election of the Menzies’ Liberal Party government. As Australia’s Cold War deepened the Menzies government signed other treaties with the ... More


‘Bright scientific moles’ v. ‘goodwill ambassador extroverts’: Choosing a Fulbright scholar

Alice Garner and Diane Kirkby

in Academic ambassadors, Pacific allies: Australia, America and the Fulbright Program

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781526128973
eISBN:
9781526142030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526128973.003.0004
Subject:
History, World Modern History

Tensions between Australia and the US over administration of the Fulbright program soon became apparent in contests over which researchers should be given awards. The US retained control over the ... More


Tactful Visitor, Scientific Observer, or 100 Percent Patriot?: Ambassadorship in the Australia-US Fulbright Program

Alice Garner and Diane Kirkby

in The Legacy of J. William Fulbright: Policy, Power, and Ideology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780813177700
eISBN:
9780813177717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813177700.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The meaning of ambassadorship within the Fulbright program has been difficult to define over its seventy-year history. In the Australian Fulbright program, scholars had to negotiate a complex ... More


The Fulbright Program in China

Guangqiu Xu

in The Legacy of J. William Fulbright: Policy, Power, and Ideology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780813177700
eISBN:
9780813177717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813177700.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter addresses an important but understudied subject: the Fulbright program in China. Educational exchanges have been among the most significant developments in the US-China relationship. The ... More


Academic ambassadors, Pacific allies: Australia, America and the Fulbright Program

Alice Garner and Diane Kirkby

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781526128973
eISBN:
9781526142030
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526128973.001.0001
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This book recounts the history of the Fulbright Program in Australia, locating academic exchange in the context of US cultural diplomacy and revealing a complex relationship between governments, ... More


Reading as Feeling

Merve Emre

in Paraliterary: The Making of Bad Readers in Postwar America

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226473833
eISBN:
9780226474021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226474021.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature

Literary ethicists often claim that reading fiction can teach us to feel in deeper, more complex ways toward others. But what are the social and imaginative protocols by which readers enhance and ... More


Sustaining People-to-People Relationships

Jonathan S. Addleton

in Mongolia and the United States: A Diplomatic History

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9789888139941
eISBN:
9789888180868
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888139941.003.0007
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter focuses on the “soft” aspects of the diplomatic relationship between the United States and Mongolia - public outreach; public affairs; educational exchanges and cultural ties. It also ... More


§ Warm Relations in a Cold War Atmosphere: Resurgence and Expansion of Study Abroad Following World War II

in Internationalism, National Identities, and Study Abroad: France and the United States, 1890-1970

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804762533
eISBN:
9780804773386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804762533.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History

A significant new development in study abroad after World War II was the involvement of the U.S. government, two notable examples of which were the GI Bill and the Fulbright academic exchange ... More


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