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After 1850: Reassessing the Impact of the Fugitive Slave Law

Matthew Pinsker

in Fugitive Slaves and Spaces of Freedom in North America

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780813056036
eISBN:
9780813053806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813056036.003.0005
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter reexamines the legal and sometimes violent contest between antislavery and proslavery forces regarding enforcement of the federal fugitive slave code in the urban North. It argues that ... More


Fugitives and Soldiers

Margot Minardi

in Making Slavery History: Abolitionism and the Politics of Memory in Massachusetts

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195379372
eISBN:
9780199869152
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195379372.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter examines how black Bay Staters in the 1850s strove to claim “manhood” and “citizenship” by representing themselves and their ancestors as agents in history. This endeavor was especially ... More


Order and the Problem of Law: Fugitive Slaves and the Constitution

Adam I. P. Smith

in The Stormy Present: Conservatism and the Problem of Slavery in Northern Politics, 1846-1865

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781469633893
eISBN:
9781469633909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469633893.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter describes the impact of the 1850 Fugitive Slave Act. It argues that the legal and moral demands being made by the Slave Power severed the relationship between law, on the one hand, and ... More


Free Soil Politics and the Twilight of the Second Party System, 1849–1853

Corey M. Brooks

in Liberty Power: Antislavery Third Parties and the Transformation of American Politics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780226307282
eISBN:
9780226307312
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226307312.003.0011
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter highlights the role Free Soil Party politicians like Salmon Chase and John P. Hale played in heated debates over the Compromise of 1850 and then Free Soilers’ efforts to rouse opposition ... More


Beneath the Iron Heel Fugitive Slaves And Bleeding Kansas

Elizabeth R. Varon

in Disunion!: The Coming of the American Civil War, 1789-1859

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807832325
eISBN:
9781469606200
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807887189_varon.12
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter discusses the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850, which legitimized and lent immediacy to an argument that abolitionists had long been making—that Northerners were complicit in the slave system. ... More


The Constitution in Crisis (1848–77)

Steven A. Steinbach, Maeva Marcus, and Robert Cohen

in With Liberty and Justice for All?: The Constitution in the Classroom

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
April 2022
ISBN:
9780197516317
eISBN:
9780197516348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197516317.003.0004
Subject:
History, Political History

Eric Foner, DeWitt Clinton Professor Emeritus of History at Columbia University, explores how the original Constitution failed to stop the spread of slavery and the debasement of the enslaved. He ... More


The Law

Charles R. McKirdy

in Lincoln Apostate: The Matson Slave Case

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781604739855
eISBN:
9781604739879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781604739855.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter discusses the law on runaway slaves. The federal Fugitive Slave Act of 1793 and the US Supreme Court’s decision in Prigg v. Pennsylvania (1842) dominated the legal landscape in 1847. The ... More


Defending Their Indianness: The Tubbees’ Trials and Tribulations

Angela Pulley Hudson

in Real Native Genius: How an Ex-Slave and a White Mormon Became Famous Indians

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469624433
eISBN:
9781469624457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469624433.003.0006
Subject:
History, Indian History

This chapter situates the couple's downfall within the tightening racial ideologies exemplified in the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850. The Act codified the immobility of slaves and threatened free people ... More


“Pandora’s Box”: Northern Democrats in Command

Michael Todd Landis

in Northern Men with Southern Loyalties: The Democratic Party and the Sectional Crisis

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801453267
eISBN:
9780801454837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801453267.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter examines how Northern Democrats, led by President Franklin Pierce, achieved legislative victory for the Slave Power. Pierce faced a host of formidable challenges as he tried to craft a ... More


The Fugitive Slave Act of 1850: The Grammar of Pro-slavery Thought

Alfred L. Brophy

in University, Court, and Slave: Proslavery Academic Thought and Southern Jurisprudence, 1831–1861

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199964239
eISBN:
9780190625931
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199964239.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century, Political History

The debates over the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 reveal key proslavery arguments, such as the importance of economic utility, a sense that slavery is nearly ubiquitous in human history, and that ... More


Douglass: Testimony without Identity

Shari Goldberg

in Quiet Testimony: A Theory of Witnessing from Nineteenth-Century American Literature

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780823254774
eISBN:
9780823261055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823254774.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, American, 19th Century Literature

How is it that Frederick Douglass did not find it necessary to foreground his racial identity until late in life, as he suggests in the 1892 supplement to Life and Times? This chapter proposes two ... More


The Aftermath

Josephine F. Pacheco

in The Pearl: A Failed Slave Escape on the Potomac

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807829189
eISBN:
9781469604183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807888926_pacheco.14
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter describes events from 1849 onwards. These include the removal of the slave trade across the Potomac River to Alexandria, Virginia in 1850; Horace Mann's defense of Drayton and Sayres; ... More


Franklin Pierce and the Kansas-Nebraska Act

Fred I. Greenstein and Dale Anderson

in Presidents and the Dissolution of the Union: Leadership Style from Polk to Lincoln

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151991
eISBN:
9781400846412
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151991.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter assesses the strengths and weaknesses of Franklin Pierce, focusing on six realms: public communication, organizational capacity, political skill, policy vision, cognitive style, and ... More


Traversing Uneven Political Ground, 1855

William F. Moore and Jane Ann Moore

in Collaborators for Emancipation: Abraham Lincoln and Owen Lovejoy

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252038464
eISBN:
9780252096341
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252038464.003.0003
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter examines how Abraham Lincoln and Owen Lovejoy traversed an uneven political ground in 1855 to move their respective positions on slavery into almost perfect alignment. It first provides ... More


1797: Petition of Freemen

Michael J. Crawford

in The Having of Negroes Is Become a Burden: The Quaker Struggle to Free Slaves in Revolutionary North Carolina

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813034706
eISBN:
9780813038346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813034706.003.0025
Subject:
History, African-American History

In 1797, the confrontation between the Quakers of North Carolina and the state of North Carolina came to debate on the floor of the U.S. House of Representatives as the result of two petitions. The ... More


More Than One Path to Freedom

Randolph Paul Runyon

in The Assault on Elisha Green: Race and Religion in a Kentucky Community

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9780813152387
eISBN:
9780813154206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813152387.003.0004
Subject:
History, African-American History

Green generated income for himself while still a slave by recycling discarded items, even bacon grease from Dobyns's warehouse floor, which he sold to a soap manufacturer and with the proceeds bought ... More


Southern Gentlemen Understand

Gerard N. Magliocca

in Washington's Heir: The Life of Justice Bushrod Washington

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
April 2022
ISBN:
9780190947040
eISBN:
9780190947071
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190947040.003.0011
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

Chapter 10 covers Washington’s complex relationship with slavery. First, the chapter looks at the slavery cases that he decided as a judge. Second, the discussion turns to his tenure as the president ... More


The Consolation of Refuge

Caroline Shaw

in Britannia's Embrace: Modern Humanitarianism and the Imperial Origins of Refugee Relief

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780190200985
eISBN:
9780190201012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190200985.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Cultural History

This chapter describes how British liberals, energized and agitated by the proceedings at the Congress of Vienna, took aim at ongoing oppression overseas, especially the international slave trade and ... More


The Ten-Year War: Sectional Politics in a Dividing Region

Christopher Phillips

in The Rivers Ran Backward: The Civil War and the Remaking of the American Middle Border

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780195187236
eISBN:
9780199378180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187236.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

The open national conflict over slavery drew the West into the vortex of events during the 1850s. In the final antebellum decade, political fault lines compromised the former regional consensus as ... More


Practical Righteousness, 1854–1861

Nancy A. Hewitt

in Radical Friend: Amy Kirby Post and Her Activist Worlds

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781469640327
eISBN:
9781469641423
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469640327.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

As the WNYASS dissolved, the Posts turned to less visible ways of advancing social justice. They became more involved with the Congregational Friends, now known as Progressive Friends, which promoted ... More


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