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After 1850: Reassessing the Impact of the Fugitive Slave Law

Matthew Pinsker

in Fugitive Slaves and Spaces of Freedom in North America

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780813056036
eISBN:
9780813053806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813056036.003.0005
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter reexamines the legal and sometimes violent contest between antislavery and proslavery forces regarding enforcement of the federal fugitive slave code in the urban North. It argues that ... More


Controversy and Christiana

David G. Smith

in On the Edge of Freedom: The Fugitive Slave Issue in South Central Pennsylvania, 1820–1870

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780823240326
eISBN:
9780823240364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823240326.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter examines how the passage of the 1850 Fugitive Slave Law politicized the fugitive slave issue on a national scale. With the sectional conflict increasing, and the fugitive slave issue at ... More


Fugitives and Soldiers

Margot Minardi

in Making Slavery History: Abolitionism and the Politics of Memory in Massachusetts

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195379372
eISBN:
9780199869152
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195379372.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter examines how black Bay Staters in the 1850s strove to claim “manhood” and “citizenship” by representing themselves and their ancestors as agents in history. This endeavor was especially ... More


A Rush of Mighty Wind: 1850–1851

Joan D. Hedrick

in Harriet Beecher Stowe: A Life

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195096392
eISBN:
9780199854288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195096392.003.0018
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Harriet Beecher Stowe, a woman who disliked confrontations, who rode over unpleasantness with optimistic goodwill and turned aside anger with humor, found herself, as public opinion brewed over the ... More


Order and the Problem of Law: Fugitive Slaves and the Constitution

Adam I. P. Smith

in The Stormy Present: Conservatism and the Problem of Slavery in Northern Politics, 1846-1865

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781469633893
eISBN:
9781469633909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469633893.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter describes the impact of the 1850 Fugitive Slave Act. It argues that the legal and moral demands being made by the Slave Power severed the relationship between law, on the one hand, and ... More


Free Soil Politics and the Twilight of the Second Party System, 1849–1853

Corey M. Brooks

in Liberty Power: Antislavery Third Parties and the Transformation of American Politics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780226307282
eISBN:
9780226307312
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226307312.003.0011
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter highlights the role Free Soil Party politicians like Salmon Chase and John P. Hale played in heated debates over the Compromise of 1850 and then Free Soilers’ efforts to rouse opposition ... More


Making Freedom: The Underground Railroad and the Politics of Slavery

R. J. M. Blackett

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9781469608778
eISBN:
9781469611792
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9781469608785_Blackett
Subject:
History, African-American History

The 1850 Fugitive Slave Law, which mandated action to aid in the recovery of runaway slaves and denied fugitives legal rights if they were apprehended, quickly became a focal point in the debate over ... More


Fugitive Slaves

Matthew J. Grow

in "Liberty to the Downtrodden": Thomas L. Kane, Romantic Reformer

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300136104
eISBN:
9780300153262
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300136104.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter focuses on Thomas L. Kane's work in relation to the Fugitive Slave Law. It explains that Kane resigned as judicial clerk upon the passage of the law because it required him as a U.S. ... More


Beneath the Iron Heel Fugitive Slaves And Bleeding Kansas

Elizabeth R. Varon

in Disunion!: The Coming of the American Civil War, 1789-1859

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807832325
eISBN:
9781469606200
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807887189_varon.12
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter discusses the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850, which legitimized and lent immediacy to an argument that abolitionists had long been making—that Northerners were complicit in the slave system. ... More


This Drama of Genuine Manhood and Courage: Oberlin and the Fight for Freedom

J. Brent Morris

in Oberlin, Hotbed of Abolitionism: College, Community, and the Fight for Freedom and Equality in Antebellum America

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9781469618272
eISBN:
9781469618296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina9781469618272.003.0010
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter describes the open and successful defiance of the Oberlinites towards federal authority and the Fugitive Slave Law, and their manipulation of the rescue episode into a triumphant ... More


“Pandora’s Box”: Northern Democrats in Command

Michael Todd Landis

in Northern Men with Southern Loyalties: The Democratic Party and the Sectional Crisis

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801453267
eISBN:
9780801454837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801453267.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter examines how Northern Democrats, led by President Franklin Pierce, achieved legislative victory for the Slave Power. Pierce faced a host of formidable challenges as he tried to craft a ... More


The Law

Charles R. McKirdy

in Lincoln Apostate: The Matson Slave Case

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781604739855
eISBN:
9781604739879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781604739855.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter discusses the law on runaway slaves. The federal Fugitive Slave Act of 1793 and the US Supreme Court’s decision in Prigg v. Pennsylvania (1842) dominated the legal landscape in 1847. The ... More


Defending Their Indianness: The Tubbees’ Trials and Tribulations

Angela Pulley Hudson

in Real Native Genius: How an Ex-Slave and a White Mormon Became Famous Indians

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469624433
eISBN:
9781469624457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469624433.003.0006
Subject:
History, Indian History

This chapter situates the couple's downfall within the tightening racial ideologies exemplified in the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850. The Act codified the immobility of slaves and threatened free people ... More


Franklin Pierce and the Kansas-Nebraska Act

Fred I. Greenstein and Dale Anderson

in Presidents and the Dissolution of the Union: Leadership Style from Polk to Lincoln

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151991
eISBN:
9781400846412
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151991.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter assesses the strengths and weaknesses of Franklin Pierce, focusing on six realms: public communication, organizational capacity, political skill, policy vision, cognitive style, and ... More


Abolitionist Geographies

Martha Schoolman

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816680740
eISBN:
9781452948744
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816680740.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, American, 19th Century Literature

Traditional narratives of the period leading up to the Civil War are invariably framed in geographical terms. The sectional descriptors of the North, South, and West, like the wartime categories of ... More


Fugitives

Richard Archer

in Jim Crow North: The Struggle for Equal Rights in Antebellum New England

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780190676643
eISBN:
9780190676674
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190676643.003.0011
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century, Political History

There was no straight line from a racist society to one that supported full equality, and there was no guarantee that a right established one year could not be changed the next. That rang true in the ... More


The Aftermath

Josephine F. Pacheco

in The Pearl: A Failed Slave Escape on the Potomac

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807829189
eISBN:
9781469604183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807888926_pacheco.14
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter describes events from 1849 onwards. These include the removal of the slave trade across the Potomac River to Alexandria, Virginia in 1850; Horace Mann's defense of Drayton and Sayres; ... More


Prigg v. Pennsylvania

Lackland H. Bloom

in Do Great Cases Make Bad Law?

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199765881
eISBN:
9780199366903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199765881.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Legal History

In Prigg v Pennsylvania, the Court held that Congress had exclusive authority to legislate with respect to the rendition of fugitive slaves. In its first decision interpreting the politically ... More


The Experience of a Slave in South Carolina

John Andrew Jackson

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807869550
eISBN:
9781469602868
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807869567_jackson
Subject:
History, African-American History

In this book, escaped slave John Andrew Jackson seeks to educate his readers on the horrors of slavery. He spares no details in relating the murder of his sister, the separation of his family, and ... More


Politics and Conscience

Paul C. Gutjahr

in Charles Hodge: Guardian of American Orthodoxy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199740420
eISBN:
9780199894703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199740420.003.0048
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Chapter forty-eight examines Hodge’s politics and his tripartite commitment to God’s sovereignty, property rights and the need for religion to be tied to political action for the good of the nation. ... More


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