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The 1940s: The Emergence of the Neoliberal Critique

Daniel Stedman Jones

in Masters of the Universe: Hayek, Friedman, and the Birth of Neoliberal Politics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161013
eISBN:
9781400851836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161013.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter illustrates how Friedrich Hayek began to develop an intellectual and organizational strategy to protect and maintain “the free society” as World War II drew to an end. His strategy ... More


Hayek's Social and Political Thought

Roland Kley

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198279167
eISBN:
9780191684289
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198279167.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This book examines the work of one of the most controversial figures in recent social and political thought. Revered by some as the most important 20th century theorist of the free society, Friedrich ... More


Introduction: Friedrich A. Hayek's Instrumental Liberalism

Roland Kley

in Hayek's Social and Political Thought

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198279167
eISBN:
9780191684289
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198279167.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This book examines the liberal political philosophy and social theory of Friedrich A. Hayek (1899–1991). According to Hayek, liberalism derives from the discovery of a self-generating or spontaneous ... More


Constructions of Neoliberal Reason

Jamie Peck

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199580576
eISBN:
9780191595240
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580576.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy

Amongst intellectuals and activists, neoliberalism has become a potent signifier for the kind of free-market thinking that has dominated politics for the past three decades. Forever associated with ... More


The Rising Tide: Neoliberal Ideas in the Postwar Period

Daniel Stedman Jones

in Masters of the Universe: Hayek, Friedman, and the Birth of Neoliberal Politics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161013
eISBN:
9781400851836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161013.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter talks about how a distinct neoliberal worldview was built on the foundations of the critique of New Deal liberalism and social democracy synthesized in the writings of Ludwig von Mises, ... More


Hayek's Project: The Instrumental Justification of the Liberal Market Society

Roland Kley

in Hayek's Social and Political Thought

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198279167
eISBN:
9780191684289
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198279167.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Friedrich A. Hayek thinks liberalism is the right political doctrine because, unlike socialism and other collectivist creeds, it is committed to institutions that take account of the social world as ... More


The war of ideas

Harry Blutstein

in The Ascent of Globalisation

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781784992897
eISBN:
9781526104311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784992897.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

At the same time as Keynes was celebrating success at Bretton Woods, neoliberal economist Friedrich Hayek started to publicly campaign against the liberal economic order, in what he called the ‘war ... More


Procedural Justice

David Miller

in Market, State, and Community: Theoretical Foundations of Market Socialism

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198278641
eISBN:
9780191599903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198278640.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Libertarians such as Nozick and Hayek define justice in procedural terms. Nozick takes for granted the liberal idea of property, but in fact this is historically contingent and other conceptions of ... More


Cultural Evolution

Roland Kley

in Hayek's Social and Political Thought

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198279167
eISBN:
9780191684289
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198279167.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Friedrich A. Hayek shrouds market rules in still greater obscurity when he makes the further claim that they possess a social wisdom of which human reason is incapable. This claim lies at the heart ... More


Spontaneous Order, Social Theory, and the Theory of Complex Phenomena

Roland Kley

in Hayek's Social and Political Thought

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198279167
eISBN:
9780191684289
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198279167.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

For Friedrich A. Hayek, the idea of a spontaneous order is not only liberalism's ‘central concept’ and therefore vital to its defence but, at the same time, also the notion on which all social theory ... More


Spontaneous Economic Order: Individual Adjustment and the Market's Epistemic Role

Roland Kley

in Hayek's Social and Political Thought

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198279167
eISBN:
9780191684289
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198279167.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

According to Friedrich A. Hayek, the web of exchange relations forming in the market is the outcome of a two-part mechanism. Spontaneous economic order develops when the members observe certain rules ... More


Spontaneous Economic Order: Its Rules

Roland Kley

in Hayek's Social and Political Thought

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198279167
eISBN:
9780191684289
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198279167.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Friedrich A. Hayek argues that order in the market is the result of individuals observing certain rules and adjusting to their specific situation. The significance he accords to rules can hardly be ... More


Tacit Rule-Following

Roland Kley

in Hayek's Social and Political Thought

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198279167
eISBN:
9780191684289
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198279167.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines Friedrich A. Hayek's thesis that some of the rules of just conduct, which form the institutional basis of spontaneous economic order, are followed unconsciously. Hayek thinks ... More


Freedom

David Miller

in Market, State, and Community: Theoretical Foundations of Market Socialism

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198278641
eISBN:
9780191599903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198278640.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Libertarians defend a narrow version of negative freedom. Hayek defines freedom as the absence of coercion, but this position is shown to be untenable. A more common view is that laws and other such ... More


Hayek's Challenge: An Intellectual Biography of F.A. Hayek

Bruce Caldwell

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226091914
eISBN:
9780226091921
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226091921.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Friedrich A. Hayek is regarded as one of the preeminent economic theorists of the twentieth century, as much for his work outside of economics as for his work within it. During a career spanning ... More


Introduction

Bruce Caldwell (ed.)

in Studies on the Abuse and Decline of Reason: Text and Documents

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226321097
eISBN:
9780226321127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226321127.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter outlines the Austrian economist Friedrich A. Hayek's experience and ideas behind his big research project, a wide-ranging historical investigation that would incorporate intellectual ... More


Spontaneous Economic Order: Its Beneficial Nature

Roland Kley

in Hayek's Social and Political Thought

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198279167
eISBN:
9780191684289
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198279167.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter considers Friedrich A. Hayek's claim about the inherently beneficial character of spontaneous economic order. Hayek does not confine himself to an explanatory perspective, merely giving ... More


The General Idea of a Spontaneous Social Order

Roland Kley

in Hayek's Social and Political Thought

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198279167
eISBN:
9780191684289
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198279167.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Friedrich A. Hayek defines social theory as the systematic study of spontaneous orders, maintaining that an individual may often be a member not only of the comprehensive spontaneous order of society ... More


Hayek in Vienna

Bruce Caldwell

in Hayek's Challenge: An Intellectual Biography of F.A. Hayek

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226091914
eISBN:
9780226091921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226091921.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter describes Friedrich August von Hayek's family and early history; his student days; Friedrich von Wieser's influence on Hayek; and the relationship between Hayek and Ludwig von Mises.


A Christian Humanism

Bradley J. Birzer

in Russell Kirk: American Conservative

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780813166186
eISBN:
9780813166643
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813166186.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

After the success of The Conservative Mind, Kirk sought to promote something for the present and the future. Conservatism, he worried, offered an excellent critique of the past, but it possessed ... More


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