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Betrayals: Fort William Henry and the "Massacre"

Ian K. Steele

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195084269
eISBN:
9780199853977
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195084269.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

On the morning of August 9, 1757, British and colonial officers defending the besieged Fort William Henry surrendered to French forces, accepting the generous “parole of honor” offered by General ... More


Friends Come to Northern Virginia

A. Glenn Crothers

in Quakers Living in the Lion's Mouth: The Society of Friends in Northern Virginia, 1730-1865

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780813039732
eISBN:
9780813043142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813039732.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter explains why Pennsylvania Friends' settled in northern Virginia after 1730: to obtain cheap land that they believed necessary to maintain their religious households and ensure the ... More


The Rise of Louis St. Ange de Bellerive

Carl J. Ekberg and Sharon K. Person

in St. Louis Rising: The French Regime of Louis St. Ange de Bellerive

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252038976
eISBN:
9780252096938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252038976.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter traces Louis St. Ange de Bellerive's slow ascent to power during the three decades preceding the French and Indian War, with particular emphasis on his rise as an Indian diplomatist and ... More


Fort Loudoun, Virginia: A French and Indian War Period Fortification Constructed by George Washington

Robert L. Jolley

in The Archaeology of French and Indian War Frontier Forts

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780813049069
eISBN:
9780813046990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813049069.003.0007
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

Fort Loudoun, Winchester, Virginia, is one of three French and Indian War period forts named after John Campbell, Lord Loudoun, commander of British troops in North America. The fort was designed and ... More


A General Conflagration: The French and Indian War Begins

Daniel J. Tortora

in Carolina in Crisis: Cherokees, Colonists, and Slaves in the American Southeast, 1756-1763

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781469621227
eISBN:
9781469623382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469621227.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter describes how ongoing tensions between the British and the French, as well as the internal tensions between the colonies of Virginia and South Carolina, would lead to the souring of ... More


Clash of Empires

R. Scott Stephenson

in The Archaeology of French and Indian War Frontier Forts

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780813049069
eISBN:
9780813046990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813049069.003.0002
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

Chapter 1 presents an overview of the French and Indian War and discusses supplies and the importance of waterways in the wilderness. In the northern theater and in Pennsylvania, the war was a war of ... More


Wilderness Warfare, American Provincials, and Disease in North America

Erica Charters

in Disease, War, and the Imperial State: The Welfare of the British Armed Forces during the Seven Years' War

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226180007
eISBN:
9780226180144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226180144.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter introduces the significance of disease in warfare, demonstrating the cultural and social frameworks that shaped responses to it and providing a survey of the structure of medical care in ... More


Introduction

Lawrence E. Babits

in The Archaeology of French and Indian War Frontier Forts

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780813049069
eISBN:
9780813046990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813049069.003.0001
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

Representative of archaeology done on French and Indian War forts over the last 40 years, the chapters in this volume combine documents, images, and artifacts to provide a composite, interpretive ... More


Michilimackinac, a Civilian Fort

Lynn L. M. Evans

in The Archaeology of French and Indian War Frontier Forts

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780813049069
eISBN:
9780813046990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813049069.003.0013
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

Bazely summarizes excavation results at Fort Michilimackinac, a trading post and mission erected on the south shore of the Straits of Mackinac around 1715. This fort was one of a series of defensive ... More


Conclusion

Lawrence E. Babits

in The Archaeology of French and Indian War Frontier Forts

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780813049069
eISBN:
9780813046990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813049069.003.0015
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

The conclusion summarizes interpretive results of the other chapters. Keene compares work at the different sites to demonstrate similarities among artifact assemblages, construction, and use. He also ... More


“To Preserve the Forts, and the Families Gathered into Them”: Archaeology of Edwards’s Fort, Capon Bridge, West Virginia

W. Stephen McBride

in The Archaeology of French and Indian War Frontier Forts

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780813049069
eISBN:
9780813046990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813049069.003.0009
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

Following Braddock’s defeat in July 1755, the Virginia Regiment under Colonel George Washington began erecting forts to defend settlers against anticipated French and Indian attacks along Virginia’s ... More


Style Wars in the Wilderness: The Colonial Forts at Crown Point

Charles L. Fisher and Paul R. Huey

in The Archaeology of French and Indian War Frontier Forts

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780813049069
eISBN:
9780813046990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813049069.003.0011
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

There were two sequential posts erected at Lake Champlain’s narrows, a choke point that allowed control of the lake. British Crown Point was erected adjacent to the earlier French fort St. Frédéric. ... More


St. Louis Rising: The French Regime of Louis St. Ange de Bellerive

Carl J. Ekberg and Sharon K. Person

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252038976
eISBN:
9780252096938
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252038976.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

The standard story of St. Louis's founding tells of fur traders Pierre Laclède Liguest and Auguste Chouteau hacking a city out of wilderness. This book overturns such gauzy myths with the contrarian ... More


Houses: The Rise of Domestic Privacy

John Gilbert McCurdy

in Quarters: The Accommodation of the British Army and the Coming of the American Revolution

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781501736605
eISBN:
9781501736612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501736605.003.0002
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter investigates quartering in houses, a common practice in colonial America, and details struggles to billet troops from ancient times to the eighteenth century. It asks why quartering in ... More


The Second Fort Vause: A Crucial French and Indian War Fort in the Roanoke Valley of Virginia

Kim A. Mcbride

in The Archaeology of French and Indian War Frontier Forts

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780813049069
eISBN:
9780813046990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813049069.003.0008
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

This chapter presents the research conducted at Fort Vause, near the Roanoke River in southwestern Virginia. The post was built in 1756 and occupied from the fall of that year to fall 1757 by ... More


Fort Frontenac, Kingston, Ontario, Canada

Susan M. Bazely

in The Archaeology of French and Indian War Frontier Forts

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780813049069
eISBN:
9780813046990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813049069.003.0012
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

This chapter presents the results of historical research and archaeology conducted at Fort Frontenac, a French site that was subsequently taken over by the British. The remnants of the various Fort ... More


War and the Colonial Frontier: Fort de Chartres in the Illinois Country

David J. Keene

in The Archaeology of French and Indian War Frontier Forts

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780813049069
eISBN:
9780813046990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813049069.003.0014
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

French Fort de Chartres is located well west of the other sites in Illinois. Initially, the Fort de Chartres project was begun to recover artifacts and expose construction elements of what was ... More


Fort Loudoun, Tennessee: Defensive Features and Artifactual Remains

Carl Kuttruff

in The Archaeology of French and Indian War Frontier Forts

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780813049069
eISBN:
9780813046990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813049069.003.0005
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

Fort Loudoun is located west of the Appalachians in present-day east Tennessee. It was constructed to solidify Overhill Cherokee alliances and prevent French encroachment from Fort Toulouse in ... More


Fort Loudoun: A Provincial Fort on the Mid-Eighteenth-Century Pennsylvania Frontier

Stephen G. Warfel

in The Archaeology of French and Indian War Frontier Forts

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780813049069
eISBN:
9780813046990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813049069.003.0010
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

Fort Loudoun, Pennsylvania, was one of the forts built to support the 1758 Forbes Expedition against Fort Duquesne. The excavations were designed to learn more about the specifics of this fort’s ... More


Forts on the Frontier: Adapting European Military Engineering to North America

James L. Hart

in The Archaeology of French and Indian War Frontier Forts

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780813049069
eISBN:
9780813046990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813049069.003.0003
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

This chapter evaluates academic fortification concepts as applied in North America, using French fort St. Frederic as an example. Fort St. Frederick was located at the Lake Champlain choke point, a ... More


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