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Two Enlightenments: A Contrast in Social Ethics: ELIE KEDOURIE MEMORIAL LECTURE

GERTRUDE HIMMELFARB

in Proceedings of the British Academy, Volume 117: 2001 Lectures

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197262795
eISBN:
9780191753954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197262795.003.0009
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter highlights the differences between the British and French Enlightenments by focusing upon a subject that has not received much attention: the distinctive social ethics in the two ... More


Realigning the Parti philosophique: Voltaire, Voltairianisme, Antivoltairianisme (1732–1745)

Jonathan I. Israel

in Enlightenment Contested: Philosophy, Modernity, and the Emancipation of Man 1670-1752

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199279227
eISBN:
9780191700040
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279227.003.0029
Subject:
History, History of Ideas, European Modern History

This chapter begins with a discussion of Voltaire's Enlightenment. The decisive period of Voltaire's formation as a philosopher was the years 1732–8 when he worked painstakingly to fashion a coherent ... More


The Parti philosophique Embraces the Radical Enlightenment

Jonathan I. Israel

in Enlightenment Contested: Philosophy, Modernity, and the Emancipation of Man 1670-1752

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199279227
eISBN:
9780191700040
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279227.003.0032
Subject:
History, History of Ideas, European Modern History

This chapter focuses on the emergence of a new stage in the history of the French Enlightenment: the emergence of the parti philosophique into the open as a publicly identifiable bloc, an organized ... More


The ‘War of the Encyclopédie’: The First Stage (1746–1752)

Jonathan I. Israel

in Enlightenment Contested: Philosophy, Modernity, and the Emancipation of Man 1670-1752

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199279227
eISBN:
9780191700040
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279227.003.0033
Subject:
History, History of Ideas, European Modern History

This chapter argues that the first stage of the ‘guerre de l’Encyclopédie’, down to the autumn of 1752, has a crucial significance in both intellectual and wider social-cultural history. Historians ... More


From Voltaire to Diderot

Jonathan I. Israel

in Enlightenment Contested: Philosophy, Modernity, and the Emancipation of Man 1670-1752

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199279227
eISBN:
9780191700040
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279227.003.0030
Subject:
History, History of Ideas, European Modern History

This chapter argues that the authentically Newtonian inspiration of Voltaire's thought and his deep veneration of Locke reflected the main line of the French Enlightenment only briefly, as it ... More


Introduction

Natania Meeker

in Voluptuous Philosophy: Literary Materialism in the French Enlightenment

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780823226962
eISBN:
9780823240944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823226962.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

This book returns to the scene of French Enlightenment materialism as a crucial staging ground for the modern construction of human beings as objects of knowledge. In the broadest sense, it ... More


Paris and the Materialist Alternative: The Widow Stockdorff

Margaret C. Jacob

in The Secular Enlightenment

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780691161327
eISBN:
9780691189123
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161327.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter traces the origins of the Enlightenment in France. The Enlightenment in France depended partially on foreign influences, generally coming from England and the Dutch Republic. That does ... More


Science in the Age of Sensibility: The Sentimental Empiricists of the French Enlightenment

Jessica Riskin

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226720784
eISBN:
9780226720852
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226720852.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Empiricism today implies the dispassionate scrutiny of facts. But in the French Enlightenment, empiricism was intimately bound up with sensibility. In what this book calls a “sentimental empiricism,” ... More


Voluptuous Figures: Lucretian Materialism in Eighteenth-Century France

Natania Meeker

in Voluptuous Philosophy: Literary Materialism in the French Enlightenment

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780823226962
eISBN:
9780823240944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823226962.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

In the “Discours préliminare” prefacing his 1768 translation of Lucretius's De rerum natura, Charles-Joseph Panckoucke describes the poem as “the boldest work that any human being had ever dared ... More


The French Military Enlightenment: Figures, Forces, and Forms

Christy Pichichero

in The Military Enlightenment: War and Culture in the French Empire from Louis XIV to Napoleon

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781501709296
eISBN:
9781501709654
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501709296.003.0002
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter examines the personalities, spaces, and means of the French Military Enlightenment. Kings, royal mistresses, and war ministers explored pathways to improving martial efficacy, ... More


The Atheism of d'Holbach and Naigeon

Alan Charles Kors

in Atheism from the Reformation to the Enlightenment

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198227366
eISBN:
9780191678684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198227366.003.0011
Subject:
History, History of Ideas, History of Religion

This chapter discusses the high tide of atheism in the French Enlightenment. It discusses the materialistic atheism advocated by the Baron d'Holbach and Jacques–André Naigeon. Naigeon and d'Holbach ... More


The Historical Thought of the French Philosophes

Guido Abbattista

in The Oxford History of Historical Writing: Volume 3: 1400-1800

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199219179
eISBN:
9780191804267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199219179.003.0021
Subject:
History, World Early Modern History

This chapter examines the phenomenon of the French Enlightenment, which was committed to a radical revision of basic assumptions that left an enduring mark on the European notion of history-writing. ... More


Reading for Pleasure in the French Enlightenment: the Self-possessed Reader and the Decline of Voluptas

Natania Meeker

in Voluptuous Philosophy: Literary Materialism in the French Enlightenment

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780823226962
eISBN:
9780823240944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823226962.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

Increasingly, attempts both to legitimate sensory pleasure, as one means of apprehending the world, and to regulate the engagement of readers with the written word, as a technique for shaping human ... More


Eras in Epidemiology: The Evolution of Ideas

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195300666
eISBN:
9780199863754
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300666.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This book provides an historical overview of epidemiology and its evolution. This book includes a section of conceptual chapters, including chapters on the relation of concepts to causes, the concept ... More


Monuments and Space as Allegory: Town Planning Proposals in Eighteenth-Century Paris

Richard Wittman

in Thinking Allegory Otherwise

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804763806
eISBN:
9780804773508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804763806.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

During the French Enlightenment, most architects and theorists strove for clarity and even transparency of meaning. The press and the development of architectural criticism in part enabled architects ... More


Onanism, Enlightenment Medicine, and the Immanent Justice of Nature

Fernando Vidal

in The Moral Authority of Nature

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226136806
eISBN:
9780226136820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226136820.003.0011
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Like a Freudian dream, the idea of nature was made up of displaced and condensed elements, its meaning overdetermined and variable, its interpretation subject to endless and undecidable debate. Its ... More


The French Enlightenment

Christopher Pierson

in Just Property: Volume Two: Enlightenment, Revolution, and History

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780199673292
eISBN:
9780191840067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199673292.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Chapter 2 provides a critical guide to key innovations in property thinking by the most important figures of the French Enlightenment, giving special attention to the multivalent contribution of ... More


Human Dignity before Kant: Denis Diderot’s Passionate Person

Remy Debes

in Dignity: A History

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780199385997
eISBN:
9780199386024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199385997.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Most modern discussions of human dignity give historical pride of place to Immanuel Kant and his idea that dignity is grounded in human rational agency or autonomy. This chapter challenges this ... More


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