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Being For: Evaluating the Semantic Program of Expressivism

Mark Schroeder

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199534654
eISBN:
9780191715938
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534654.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Expressivism — the sophisticated contemporary incarnation of the noncognitivist research program of Ayer, Stevenson, and Hare — is no longer the province of metaethicists alone. Its comprehensive ... More


Indeterminacy and Truth Value Gaps

Mark Richard

in Cuts and Clouds: Vagueness, its Nature, & its Logic

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199570386
eISBN:
9780191722134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570386.003.0027
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues for the following theses. There are perfectly possible meanings (ones of a sort one would think are possessed by many vague predicates) which would necessitate a predicate's being ... More


The Legacy of Principia

Judith Jarvis Thomson

in Metaethics after Moore

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199269914
eISBN:
9780191710032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269914.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter argues that the legacy in question is that the force of the open question argument, together with the rejection of the Moorean idea that there are non-natural properties, motivate two ... More


Tempered Expressivism

Mark Schroeder

in Oxford Studies in Metaethics, Volume 8

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199678044
eISBN:
9780191757457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199678044.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter introduces the concept of a tempered expressivist theory, and comparatively discusses two forms such a theory may take. One of these two forms, hybrid expressivism, is familiar. But the ... More


Representing Eternally

Berit Brogaard

in Transient Truths: An Essay in the Metaphysics of Propositions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199796908
eISBN:
9780199933235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199796908.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

In the previous chapters I have provided reasons for thinking that temporal contents can be the semantic values of truth-evaluable sentences, the objects of propositional attitudes, the objects of ... More


Cognitivist Expressivism

Terry Horgan and Mark Timmons

in Metaethics after Moore

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199269914
eISBN:
9780191710032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269914.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter challenges the so-called semantic assumption — according to which beliefs are necessarily descriptive in that they purport to represent or describe some state of affairs — by arguing ... More


Believing in Expressivism

Teemu Toppinen

in Oxford Studies in Metaethics, Volume 8

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199678044
eISBN:
9780191757457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199678044.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter outlines an expressivist account of the meaning of normative sentences, according to which normative sentences express higher-order (or relational) states of being in certain kinds of ... More


Tempered Expressivism

Mark Schroeder

in Expressing Our Attitudes: Explanation and Expression in Ethics, Volume 2

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780198714149
eISBN:
9780191782541
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714149.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter introduces a new form of expressivist theory, Tempered Relational Expressivism. The ideas of a tempered expressivist theory and of relational expressivism are introduced, and it is shown ... More


Antirealist Expressivism and Quasi-Realism

Simon Blackburn

David Copp (ed.)

in The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195147797
eISBN:
9780199785841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195147790.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Expressivism is the view that the function of normative sentences is not to represent a kind of fact, but to avow attitudes, prescribe behavior, or the like. The idea can be found in David Hume. In ... More


The Rise and Fall of Early Non-Descriptive Approaches

Amie L. Thomasson

in Norms and Necessity

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190098193
eISBN:
9780190098223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190098193.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter recounts the early history of non-descriptive approaches to modality and why they fell out of favor. It begins by tracing the challenges of understanding modality back to British ... More


The Meaning of Modal Discourse

Amie L. Thomasson

in Norms and Necessity

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190098193
eISBN:
9780190098223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190098193.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The goal of this chapter is to make it clear how the modal normativist account can avoid the notorious “Frege-Geach” or “embedding” problem that has long threatened non-descriptive views of all ... More


Hybrid Expressivism: Virtues and Vices

Mark Schroeder

in Expressing Our Attitudes: Explanation and Expression in Ethics, Volume 2

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780198714149
eISBN:
9780191782541
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714149.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Many recent theorists, prominently including David Copp, Michael Ridge, and Daniel Boisvert, but also many others, have advocated combining aspects of metaethical expressivism with aspects of ... More


Hybrid Expressivism: How to Think about Meaning

John Eriksson

in Having It Both Ways: Hybrid Theories and Modern Metaethics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780199347582
eISBN:
9780199347605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199347582.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter defends a particular way of understanding moral thought and talk. Drawing on the work of R. M. Hare, it argues that moral sentences have both descriptive and nondescriptive meaning where ... More


The Metaethical and Epistemological Framework

David Phillips

in Rossian Ethics: W.D. Ross and Contemporary Moral Theory

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780190602185
eISBN:
9780190602208
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190602185.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter focuses on the metaethical and epistemological framework within which Ross develops his moral theory. It is argued that the most important distinctive feature of Ross’s nonnaturalist ... More


Indeterminacy and Truth Value Gaps

Mark Richard

in Truth and Truth Bearers: Meaning in Context, Volume II

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780198747765
eISBN:
9780191811531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198747765.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter argues for the following theses. There are perfectly possible meanings (ones of a sort one would think are possessed by many vague predicates) which would necessitate a predicate’s being ... More


Two Roles for Propositions: Cause for Divorce?

Mark Schroeder

in Expressing Our Attitudes: Explanation and Expression in Ethics, Volume 2

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780198714149
eISBN:
9780191782541
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714149.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Nondescriptivist theories in many domains are often characterized as dispensing with the idea that declarative sentences in those domains express propositions. This chapter argues that this ... More


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