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Augustine's Way into the Will: The Theological and Philosophical Significance of De libero arbitrio

Simon Harrison

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780198269847
eISBN:
9780191713385
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269847.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Augustine is a pivotal figure in the history of the concept of will, but what is his ‘theory of will’? This book investigates Augustine’s use of ‘will’ in one particular context, his dialogue On Free ... More


Manifest Activity: Thomas Reid's Theory of Action

Gideon Yaffe

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199268559
eISBN:
9780191601415
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019926855X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Manifest Activity examines Thomas Reid's efforts to provide answers to a host of traditional philosophical questions concerning the nature of the will, the powers of human beings, motivation, and the ... More


PREDESTINATION AND THE CHURCH

Stephen E. Lahey

in John Wyclif

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195183313
eISBN:
9780199870349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183313.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

One of the most difficult elements of Wyclif’s thought is resolution of the tension between his deterministic understanding of the nature of the church and his call for ecclesiastical reform. ... More


The Free Will Defense

Hugh J. McCann

in Molinism: The Contemporary Debate

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199590629
eISBN:
9780191731280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590629.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter is a critique of views that seek to resolve the problem of moral evil by holding that such evil is owing to exercises of human freedom that escape God's control as creator. It is argued ... More


Can the World Beshown to be Indeterministic after all?

Christian Wüthrich

in Probabilities in Physics

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199577439
eISBN:
9780191730603
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577439.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Is the world deterministic and can we ever know whether it is or is not so? This chapter critically evaluates recent results that bear on these issues, and points out the relation to probabilities. ... More


Free Will and Substance Dualism: The Real Scientific Threat to Free Will?

Alfred R. Mele

in Moral Psychology, Volume 4: Free Will and Moral Responsibility

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262026680
eISBN:
9780262321488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026680.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Mele uses survey methods of experimental philosophy to argue that folk notions of freedom and responsibility do not really require any dubious mind–body dualism. In his comment, Nadelhoffer questions ... More


Is Free Will an Illusion? Confronting Challenges from the Modern Mind Sciences

Eddy Nahmias

in Moral Psychology, Volume 4: Free Will and Moral Responsibility

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262026680
eISBN:
9780262321488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026680.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Nahmias shows how different parts of science raise distinct challenges from determinism, epiphenomenalism, naturalism, and rationality. In the end, he proposes a nuanced limited-free-will view ... More


Constructing a Scientific Theory of Free Will

Roy F. Baumeister

in Moral Psychology, Volume 4: Free Will and Moral Responsibility

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262026680
eISBN:
9780262321488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026680.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Baumeister discusses determinism and reductionism with emphases on self-regulation and conscious and meaningful causation of behavior. Baumeister concludes that freedom exists but can only be seen by ... More


A Social Perspective on Debates about Free Will

Victoria K. Lee and Lasana T. Harris

in Moral Psychology, Volume 4: Free Will and Moral Responsibility

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262026680
eISBN:
9780262321488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026680.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Lee and Harris argue that people's overall positions on free will depend less on arguments and more on social rewards, so members of a coherent social group will end up holding similar positions on ... More


Can Neuroscience Resolve Issues about Free Will?

Adina L. Roskies

in Moral Psychology, Volume 4: Free Will and Moral Responsibility

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262026680
eISBN:
9780262321488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026680.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Roskies discusses an important method in neuroscience that is too often left out of free will debates: single-neuron recordings. Roskies explains classic experiments on perceptual decision making and ... More


Augustine, Free Will, and Evil

Gavin Rae

in Evil in the Western Philosophical Tradition

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781474445320
eISBN:
9781474465205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474445320.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Early Christian attempts to resolve the problem of evil initially led to a turn away from the ‘soft’ metaphysical dualism of Christianity to the ‘hard’ dualism of Manicheism. This, however, led to a ... More


Moral Psychology, Volume 4: Free Will and Moral Responsibility

Walter Sinnott-Armstrong (ed.)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262026680
eISBN:
9780262321488
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026680.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This collection of original essays, comments, and replies brings together philosophers and scientists to discuss the relevance of recent neuroscience and psychology to traditional debates about free ... More


Other Inductive Arguments

Herman Philipse

in God in the Age of Science?: A Critique of Religious Reason

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199697533
eISBN:
9780191738470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697533.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Six C-inductive arguments for and against the existence of God are critically discussed in this chapter: the Argument from Consciousness, the Argument from Moral Truth, the Argument from Moral ... More


The Created Will: The Hinge of the Soul

Han-luen Kantzer Komline

in Augustine on the Will: A Theological Account

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780190948801
eISBN:
9780190948832
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190948801.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Chapter 1 introduces Augustine’s earliest conception of will, synthesizing his comments in a number of his key anti-Manichean works as well as in two of his early classics, Soliloquies and On Free ... More


Causation, Free Will, and Naturalism 1

Jenann Ismael

in Scientific Metaphysics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199696499
eISBN:
9780191744983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199696499.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter addresses the worry that the existence of causal antecedents to your choices means that you are causally compelled to act as you do. It begins with the folk notion of cause, leads the ... More


Causes, Laws, and Free Will: Why Determinism Doesn't Matter

Kadri Vihvelin

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199795185
eISBN:
9780199345250
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199795185.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book rescues compatibilists from the familiar charge of “quagmire of evasion” by arguing that the problem of free will and determinism is a metaphysical problem with a metaphysical solution. ... More


Psychoanalysis and Free Will

Anne C. Dailey

in Law and the Unconscious: A Psychoanalytic Perspective

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780300188837
eISBN:
9780300190083
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300188837.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter addresses the widespread misconception that psychoanalytic ideas about the unconscious are incompatible with the law’s presumption of free will. Free will is a foundational concept in ... More


The Neural Code for Intentions in the Human Brain: Implications for Neurotechnology and Free Will

John-Dylan Haynes

in Moral Psychology, Volume 4: Free Will and Moral Responsibility

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262026680
eISBN:
9780262321488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026680.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Haynes summarizes his scientific research on the neural basis for intentions (including predictions of intentions) and suggests implications for epiphenomenalism, which implies that our mental ... More


There is no Free-Will Defense

James P. Sterba

in Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion Volume 8

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198806967
eISBN:
9780191844461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198806967.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This paper argues that there is no Free-Will Defense for the degree and amount of moral evil in our world. It denies that God’s creating our world with the degree and amount of moral evil that ... More


Law and the Unconscious: A Psychoanalytic Perspective

Anne C. Dailey

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780300188837
eISBN:
9780300190083
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300188837.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This book establishes the vital relevance of contemporary psychoanalysis to law. Our legal system is predicated on the idea that people act rationally and of their own free will. Yet the facts of ... More


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