Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 20 items

  • Keywords: Free black x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Illegal but Tolerated: Slave Refugees in Richmond, Virginia, 1800–1860

Viola Franziska Müller

in Fugitive Slaves and Spaces of Freedom in North America

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780813056036
eISBN:
9780813053806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813056036.003.0007
Subject:
History, African-American History

As antebellum Virginia became the main point of departure for the domestic slave trade and enslaved people increasingly ran the risk of being sold and deported to the Deep South, the free black ... More


Seeking Freedom in the Midst of Slavery: Fugitive Slaves in the Antebellum South

Damian Alan Pargas

in Fugitive Slaves and Spaces of Freedom in North America

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780813056036
eISBN:
9780813053806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813056036.003.0006
Subject:
History, African-American History

Slave flight in the antebellum South did not always coincide with the political geography of freedom. Indeed, spaces and places within the U.S. South attracted the largest number of fugitive slaves. ... More


Memory Making on Parade: African American Historical Identity in Reconstruction-Era Natchez

Susan T. Falck

in Remembering Dixie: The Battle to Control Historical Memory in Natchez, Mississippi, 1865-1941

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781496824400
eISBN:
9781496824448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781496824400.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter clarifies that black communities experienced emancipation traditions in different ways. Given the large proportion of blacks in Natchez, and the region’s well-established free black ... More


Free People of Color, Expulsion, and Enslavement in the Antebellum South

Emily West

in Creating Citizenship in the Nineteenth-Century South

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780813044132
eISBN:
9780813046211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813044132.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Free people of color in the antebellum United States were excluded from legal citizenship as defined in the 1790 Naturalization Act because they were not “free white persons.” Like their enslaved ... More


Lash of the Tongue, Lash of the Whip: The Formation and Transformation of Racial Categories and Practices

Cécile Vidal

in Caribbean New Orleans: Empire, Race, and the Making of a Slave Society

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781469645186
eISBN:
9781469645209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469645186.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter looks simultaneously at the evolution of the language of race and at the racialization of both the judicial and military systems to analyze how racial categories were formed, inhabited, ... More


Expulsion, Enslavement, and Ties across the Color Line

Emily West

in Family or Freedom: People of Color in the Antebellum South

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780813136929
eISBN:
9780813141350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813136929.003.0005
Subject:
History, African-American History

Chapter five continues this emphasis upon personal relationships by offering hypotheses about why apparently single women might request bondage. It explores cases where enslavement petitions ... More


Our Boastings of Liberty and Equality Are Mere Mockeries: Confronting Contradictions in the Nation’s Capital, 1815–1836

Chris Myers Asch and George Derek Musgrove

in Chocolate City: A History of Race and Democracy in the Nation's Capital

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781469635866
eISBN:
9781469635873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469635866.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter shows how, in the decades after the War of 1812, slavery and the slave trade in the city invited domestic and international criticism as the movement to abolish slavery focused its ... More


The Sanctity of Property

Kimberly M. Welch

in Black Litigants in the Antebellum American South

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781469636436
eISBN:
9781469636450
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469636436.003.0006
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter examines lawsuits over property. Free blacks went to court with full knowledge of their rights to property, and they expected the courts to deal with them fairly and protect those ... More


Blood of the Father

Brooke N. Newman

in A Dark Inheritance: Blood, Race, and Sex in Colonial Jamaica

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780300225556
eISBN:
9780300240979
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300225556.003.0003
Subject:
History, World Modern History

Focusing on the 1730s through the 1750s, chapter 2 considers the relationship between notions of hereditary blood status and the legal redefinition of whiteness and British racial identity in ... More


Peculiar Voice: The Counter Memorial of the Free People of Colour of the District of Columbia and the Unsettling of Colonization’s Deliberative Discourse

Bjørn F. Stillion Southard

in Peculiar Rhetoric: Slavery, Freedom, and the African Colonization Movement

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781496823694
eISBN:
9781496823724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781496823694.003.0003
Subject:
History, African-American History

In response to the creation of the American Colonization Society, a Counter Memorial against the group was published by a purported group of free blacks in the District of Columbia. The exact ... More


Policing the Black Criminal

Adam Malka

in Men of Mobtown: Policing Baltimore in the Age of Slavery and Emancipation

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781469636290
eISBN:
9781469636313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469636290.003.0006
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter argues that white Baltimoreans acted on their fears of free black crime all the time, often violently and usually with the municipality’s approval. In the process, it shows that the ... More


Racial and Ethnic Diversity in the Urban South

Jeff Strickland

in Unequal Freedoms: Ethnicity, Race, and White Supremacy in Civil War-Era Charleston

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780813060798
eISBN:
9780813050867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813060798.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Charleston was a coastal port city on the Atlantic Ocean, and, along with its physical geography, that led to heightened social interaction between slaves, free blacks, and European immigrants. ... More


Slavery and Urban Life

Jeff Strickland

in Unequal Freedoms: Ethnicity, Race, and White Supremacy in Civil War-Era Charleston

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780813060798
eISBN:
9780813050867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813060798.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

German and Irish immigrants interacted with slaves and free blacks in Charleston on a daily basis and in a variety of social and economic contexts. The brutality of urban slavery was unmistakable as ... More


Black Litigants in the Antebellum American South

Kimberly M. Welch

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781469636436
eISBN:
9781469636450
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469636436.001.0001
Subject:
History, African-American History

In the antebellum Natchez district, in the heart of slave country, black people sued white people in all-white courtrooms. They sued to enforce the terms of their contracts, recover unpaid debts, ... More


Of Slaving Blacks and Democratic Whites: Building a Capital of Slavery and Freedom, 1790–1815

Chris Myers Asch and George Derek Musgrove

in Chocolate City: A History of Race and Democracy in the Nation's Capital

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781469635866
eISBN:
9781469635873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469635866.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter describes the founding of Washington, D.C., as the capital of the United States. The area that became Washington was a fully functioning slave society, and the city that grew atop those ... More


Men of Mobtown: Policing Baltimore in the Age of Slavery and Emancipation

Adam Malka

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781469636290
eISBN:
9781469636313
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469636290.001.0001
Subject:
History, African-American History

What if racialized mass incarceration is not a perversion of our criminal justice system’s liberal ideals, but rather a natural conclusion? Adam Malka raises this disturbing possibility through a ... More


For Family and Property

Kimberly M. Welch

in Black Litigants in the Antebellum American South

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781469636436
eISBN:
9781469636450
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469636436.003.0008
Subject:
History, African-American History

When using the courts to protect their family, people of color relied on and deployed a well-used model for litigation and claims-making—a model set by fellow black litigants. This model included ... More


Prescribed Spheres: The Legal Path of Slavery in Mississippi

Joseph A. Ranney

in A Legal History of Mississippi: Race, Class, and the Struggle for Opportunity

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781496822574
eISBN:
9781496822604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781496822574.003.0003
Subject:
History, Political History

Slavery was a cornerstone of antebellum Mississippi life, and legal controversies over slavery regularly roiled the state. In the 1840s, planter Isaac Ross’s desire to free his slaves sparked a ... More


“Left by the Patriots a Perfect Desert”: The Patriot War in East Florida

Daniel L. Schafer

in Zephaniah Kingsley Jr. and the Atlantic World: Slave Trader, Plantation Owner, Emancipator

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780813044620
eISBN:
9780813046341
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813044620.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

The devastating impact of the “Patriot War,” an insurgency instigated by the United States government and an invasion by American armed forces and state militias, is discussed in this chapter. The ... More


“Our Place”: Francisque, Démocrite, and Hector

Sophie White

in Voices of the Enslaved: Love, Labor, and Longing in French Louisiana

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781469654041
eISBN:
9781469654065
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469654041.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This case study centers on the court case brought in 1766 against Francisque, an outsider of African descent who self-described himself in New Orleans as an “Englishman from Philadelphia” whose ... More


View: