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Augustine's Way into the Will: The Theological and Philosophical Significance of De libero arbitrio

Simon Harrison

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780198269847
eISBN:
9780191713385
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269847.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Augustine is a pivotal figure in the history of the concept of will, but what is his ‘theory of will’? This book investigates Augustine’s use of ‘will’ in one particular context, his dialogue On Free ... More


Manifest Activity: Thomas Reid's Theory of Action

Gideon Yaffe

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199268559
eISBN:
9780191601415
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019926855X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Manifest Activity examines Thomas Reid's efforts to provide answers to a host of traditional philosophical questions concerning the nature of the will, the powers of human beings, motivation, and the ... More


The Free Will Defense

Hugh J. McCann

in Molinism: The Contemporary Debate

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199590629
eISBN:
9780191731280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590629.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter is a critique of views that seek to resolve the problem of moral evil by holding that such evil is owing to exercises of human freedom that escape God's control as creator. It is argued ... More


Can the World Beshown to be Indeterministic after all?

Christian Wüthrich

in Probabilities in Physics

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199577439
eISBN:
9780191730603
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577439.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Is the world deterministic and can we ever know whether it is or is not so? This chapter critically evaluates recent results that bear on these issues, and points out the relation to probabilities. ... More


Augustine, Free Will, and Evil

Gavin Rae

in Evil in the Western Philosophical Tradition

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781474445320
eISBN:
9781474465205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474445320.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Early Christian attempts to resolve the problem of evil initially led to a turn away from the ‘soft’ metaphysical dualism of Christianity to the ‘hard’ dualism of Manicheism. This, however, led to a ... More


Moral Psychology, Volume 4: Free Will and Moral Responsibility

Walter Sinnott-Armstrong (ed.)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262026680
eISBN:
9780262321488
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026680.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This collection of original essays, comments, and replies brings together philosophers and scientists to discuss the relevance of recent neuroscience and psychology to traditional debates about free ... More


There is no Free-Will Defense

James P. Sterba

in Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion Volume 8

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198806967
eISBN:
9780191844461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198806967.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This paper argues that there is no Free-Will Defense for the degree and amount of moral evil in our world. It denies that God’s creating our world with the degree and amount of moral evil that ... More


Constructing a Scientific Theory of Free Will

Roy F. Baumeister

in Moral Psychology, Volume 4: Free Will and Moral Responsibility

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262026680
eISBN:
9780262321488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026680.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Baumeister discusses determinism and reductionism with emphases on self-regulation and conscious and meaningful causation of behavior. Baumeister concludes that freedom exists but can only be seen by ... More


The Created Will: The Hinge of the Soul

Han-luen Kantzer Komline

in Augustine on the Will: A Theological Account

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780190948801
eISBN:
9780190948832
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190948801.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Chapter 1 introduces Augustine’s earliest conception of will, synthesizing his comments in a number of his key anti-Manichean works as well as in two of his early classics, Soliloquies and On Free ... More


Jack London

Kenneth K. Brandt

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780746312964
eISBN:
9781789629156
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9780746312964.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

Recounting his 1897-98 Klondike Gold Rush experience Jack London stated: “It was in the Klondike I found myself. There nobody talks. Everybody thinks. There you get your perspective. I got mine.” ... More


Non-Identity Theodicy: A Grace-Based Response to the Problem of Evil

Vince R. Vitale

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780198864226
eISBN:
9780191896392
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198864226.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This book develops Non-Identity Theodicy as an original response to the problem of evil. It begins by recognizing that horrendous evils pose distinctive challenges for belief in God. To home in on ... More


Who Instigated Violence: A Rebelling Devil or a Vengeful God?

István T. Kristó-Nagy*

in Violence in Islamic Thought from the Qur'an to the Mongols

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780748694235
eISBN:
9781474412292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748694235.003.0006
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

The contrast between the attitude towards violence of the God of the Old Testament and the God of the New Testament was already explored by Marcion (d. c. 160 ad) before the advent of Islam and has ... More


Classical Theism has No Implications for the Debate between Libertarianism and Compatibilism

T. J. Mawson

in Free Will and Theism: Connections, Contingencies, and Concerns

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780198743958
eISBN:
9780191803956
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198743958.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that a worldview which combines theism with libertarianism as a theory of freedom and a worldview that combines theism with compatibilism as a theory of freedom have the same ... More


Orthodoxy

Thomas Ahnert

in The Moral Culture of the Scottish Enlightenment: 1690-1805

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780300153804
eISBN:
9780300153811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300153804.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The fourth chapter shows that so-called orthodox critics of the Moderates had a more positive and comprehensive view of natural religion than the Moderates. The differences between them, including ... More


High Fall Theodicy

Vince R. Vitale

in Non-Identity Theodicy: A Grace-Based Response to the Problem of Evil

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780198864226
eISBN:
9780191896392
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198864226.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter assesses the theodicies identified in the previous chapter as structurally promising (i.e. as depicting God as ethically in the clear on the assumption that the explanatory story told by ... More


Applying the Analogies: Permission and Risk; Benefit Production and Harm Avoidance

Vince R. Vitale

in Non-Identity Theodicy: A Grace-Based Response to the Problem of Evil

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780198864226
eISBN:
9780191896392
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198864226.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Using an ethical framework constructed out of the two variables of whether an agent causes, permits, or risks horrendous evils, and whether she does so in order to bestow pure benefit or in order to ... More


Aquinas, Privation, and Original Sin

Gavin Rae

in Evil in the Western Philosophical Tradition

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781474445320
eISBN:
9781474465205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474445320.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter focuses on Thomas Aquinas’ analysis of evil in On Evil to respond to three questions: (1) how does Aquinas conceptualise the relationship between good and evil? (2) what does Aquinas ... More


Introduction: The Problem of Horrendous Evils

Vince R. Vitale

in Non-Identity Theodicy: A Grace-Based Response to the Problem of Evil

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780198864226
eISBN:
9780191896392
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198864226.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter introduces the problem of evil and then the more specific problem of horrendous evil (that is, the argument that the existence of horrendous evils makes the existence of God impossible ... More


Jean-Paul Sartre and the Existential Quest

David Stephen Calonne

in R. Crumb: Literature, Autobiography, and the Quest for Self

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9781496831859
eISBN:
9781496831903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781496831859.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, Comics Studies

This chapter explores Crumb’s interest in existentialism which began in his adolescence with his reading of Fyodor Dostoevsky’s The Brothers Karamazov. The chapter goes on to demonstrate the ... More


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