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Medieval Germany 1056–1273

Alfred Haverkamp

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198221722
eISBN:
9780191678486
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198221722.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This is a revised and updated edition of a major history of an important period in German and European history, starting with the accession of Henry IV to the German throne in 1056, taking in the ... More


The Lombard League, 1167–1225

Gianluca Raccagni

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264713
eISBN:
9780191734847
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264713.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

The Lombard League was an association created by the city republics of northern Italy in the 12th century in order to defend their autonomy and that of the papacy in a struggle against the German ... More


The Schism

John B. Freed

in Frederick Barbarossa: The Prince and the Myth

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780300122763
eISBN:
9780300221169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300122763.003.0010
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter first discusses Frederick's deteriorating relationship with Pope Adrian IV. In June 1158, Frederick and Adrian's representatives had smoothed over the confrontation that occurred over ... More


Frederick Barbarossa and Henry the Lion: Cousins in an Age of Brothers

Jonathan R. Lyon

in Princely Brothers and Sisters: The Sibling Bond in German Politics, 1100-1250

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451300
eISBN:
9780801467851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451300.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter examines the magnates' involvement in the fall of Henry the Lion by focusing on family relationships in general and sibling relationships in particular within the German upper ... More


King of the Romans

John B. Freed

in Frederick Barbarossa: The Prince and the Myth

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780300122763
eISBN:
9780300221169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300122763.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter first discusses the crowning of Frederick Barbarossa as king of the Romans in Aachen on 9 March 1152. The most striking thing about Frederick's election and coronation is the rapidity ... More


New Arrangements

John B. Freed

in Frederick Barbarossa: The Prince and the Myth

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780300122763
eISBN:
9780300221169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300122763.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter details events following Frederick's return to Germany in September 1155. Frederick returned to a kingdom in disarray, with practically the entire transalpine realm being torn by ... More


The Roman Church and the Empire in the Twelfth Century

Colin Morris

in The Papal Monarchy: The Western Church from 1050 to 1250

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269250
eISBN:
9780191600708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269250.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Worms made possible a period of relative harmony, but the design of the Hohenstaufen, Frederick Barbarossa to restore the dignity of the so‐called Roman Empire (sacrum imperium) led to renewed ... More


Epilogue

John B. Freed

in Frederick Barbarossa: The Prince and the Myth

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780300122763
eISBN:
9780300221169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300122763.003.0019
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This epilogue first explains the reaction to Frederick's death. The initial reaction to the news of his death was mixed. It was the drowning that was inexplicable. Frederick had not died in a battle ... More


A Fortunate Youth

John B. Freed

in Frederick Barbarossa: The Prince and the Myth

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780300122763
eISBN:
9780300221169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300122763.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter details events in the life of Frederick Barbarossa before and after he became king. These include his childhood; his feud in 1146 with Duke Conrad of Zähringen; his tense relations with ... More


The Romzug

John B. Freed

in Frederick Barbarossa: The Prince and the Myth

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780300122763
eISBN:
9780300221169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300122763.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter discusses Frederick's first Italian campaign. The morning after Frederick's coronation, 10 March 1152, the princes had decided not to undertake Conrad's planned Italian expedition to ... More


“Two Renowned Families”

John B. Freed

in Frederick Barbarossa: The Prince and the Myth

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780300122763
eISBN:
9780300221169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300122763.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter first discusses Frederick's paternal “Staufer” ancestry. It argues that while Frederick is remembered as the greatest of the Staufer monarchs, he seemingly knew little about his paternal ... More


In Pursuit of Alexander

John B. Freed

in Frederick Barbarossa: The Prince and the Myth

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780300122763
eISBN:
9780300221169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300122763.003.0012
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter details events following Frederick's successful second Italian campaign. Frederick left Italy in late August 1162 confident after his victory that he would be able to persuade Louis VII ... More


A Bitter Homecoming

John B. Freed

in Frederick Barbarossa: The Prince and the Myth

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780300122763
eISBN:
9780300221169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300122763.003.0013
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter details events following Frederick's arrival in Basel on 15 March 1168, which marked his longest continuous stay in Germany during his reign. He returned to Italy via Basel in September ... More


The Fifth Italian Campaign

John B. Freed

in Frederick Barbarossa: The Prince and the Myth

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780300122763
eISBN:
9780300221169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300122763.003.0014
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter details events surrounding Frederick's fifth Italian campaign. Frederick is believed to have undertaken the campaign at the instigation of Margrave William of Montferrat and Pavia. ... More


The Third Crusade

John B. Freed

in Frederick Barbarossa: The Prince and the Myth

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780300122763
eISBN:
9780300221169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300122763.003.0017
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter discusses events surrounding the Third Crusade. It covers the political situation in southeastern Europe in 1189 that was a potential threat to the success of the crusade; assembly of ... More


Itinerant Kingship

John B. Freed

in Frederick Barbarossa: The Prince and the Myth

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780300122763
eISBN:
9780300221169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300122763.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter first describes Frederick's reign on horseback. The Empire in the twelfth century covered an area of approximately 310,000 to 345,000 square miles. Between his election in March 1152 and ... More


In Praise of Frederick Barbarossa

Anne A. Latowsky

in Emperor of the World: Charlemagne and the Construction of Imperial Authority, 800-1229

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451485
eISBN:
9780801467790
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451485.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter explains the role of Charlemagne in Hohenstaufen Roman renovatio, the period during which propagandists for the emperor employed a variety of expressions of his universal authority. ... More


Lombardy before the Lombard League

Gianluca Raccagni

in The Lombard League, 1167–1225

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264713
eISBN:
9780191734847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264713.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter describes Lombardy before the Lombard League. The first section cites the different definitions attached to the term ‘Lombardy’. The multiple definitions attached to it could easily ... More


New Entanglements

John B. Freed

in Frederick Barbarossa: The Prince and the Myth

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780300122763
eISBN:
9780300221169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300122763.003.0016
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter discusses events that occurred after July 1183, when Frederick swore to adhere to the Peace of Constance. It covers Frederick's efforts to settle the remaining differences between the ... More


The Second Italian Campaign

John B. Freed

in Frederick Barbarossa: The Prince and the Myth

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780300122763
eISBN:
9780300221169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300122763.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter discusses events surrounding Frederick's second Italian campaign. The goal of this campaign was to punish Milan for its repeated acts of defiance: the destruction of Frederick's seal, ... More


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