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Kant and the Sciences

Eric Watkins (ed.)

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195133059
eISBN:
9780199786169
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195133056.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Kant’s contributions to the central problems of philosophy — metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, and aesthetics — have received considerable attention. What is far less studied is his interest in the ... More


Shakespeare's Moral Compass

Neema Parvini

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781474432870
eISBN:
9781474453745
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474432870.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare Studies

This ground-breaking study fearlessly combines latest research in evolutionary psychology, historical scholarship and philosophy to answer a question that has eluded critics for centuries: what is ... More


Youth and community empowerment in Europe: International perspectives

Peter Evans and Angelika Krüger

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9781447305910
eISBN:
9781447307754
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447305910.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Communities and Organizations

The current economic crisis with its gloomy implications for lost generations leaves many disadvantaged young people with ever diminishing opportunities. Violent youth protests in many countries have ... More


Kant on Science and Experience

Michael Friedman

in Early Modern Philosophy: Mind, Matter, and Metaphysics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195177602
eISBN:
9780199835553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195177606.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter argues that since Kant's model of properly scientific knowledge is the Newtonian theory of universal gravitation, Kant's view of science is not predicated on a sharp distinction between ... More


Time in Ancient Stories of Origin

Anke Walter

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780198843832
eISBN:
9780191879531
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198843832.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

Greek and Roman stories of origin, or aetia, provide a fascinating window onto ancient conceptions of time. Aetia, which pervade ancient literature at all its stages, are inherently about time: they ... More


Parameterisation

Graham Priest

in Beyond the Limits of Thought

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199254057
eISBN:
9780191698194
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199254057.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines the relevance of mathematician Frank Ramsey's essay The Foundations of Mathematics to the contradictions in the limits of thought. Ramsey has provided the most acute early ... More


Matter and Motion in the Metaphysical Foundations and the First Critique: The Empirical Concept of Matter and the Categories

Michael Friedman

in Kant and the Sciences

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195133059
eISBN:
9780199786169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195133056.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This paper focuses on the relationship between the general metaphysics of the Critique of Pure Reason and the special metaphysics of the Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science. Kant claims that ... More


Kant's Mechanical Determination of Matter in the Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science

Martin Carrier

in Kant and the Sciences

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195133059
eISBN:
9780199786169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195133056.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This paper deals with the interpretation of the Mechanics chapter of Kant’s Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science (1786). It is aimed at clarifying the procedure Kant invokes for the ... More


Kant on Empirical Psychology: How Not to Investigate the Human Mind

Thomas Sturm

in Kant and the Sciences

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195133059
eISBN:
9780199786169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195133056.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This paper explains Kant’s views on the theory of matter as developed in the Dynamics chapter of his Metaphysical Foundations, and elaborates their background in the chemistry of the period. Kant’s ... More


Wittgenstein and Intuitionism

Robert J. Fogelin

in Philosophical Interpretations

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195071627
eISBN:
9780199833221
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019507162X.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This essay explores one important strain that runs through Wittgenstein's Remarks on the Foundations of Mathematics: his commitment to themes characteristic of the intuitionist movement in logic and ... More


Frege on Apriority

Tyler Burge

in New Essays on the A Priori

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241279
eISBN:
9780191597107
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241279.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In his contribution, Burge contrasts the use Kant and Frege make of the a priori in their work. Burge argues that for Kant, the conscious states of pure intuition are states that entitle a subject to ... More


Integrated Objective Bayesian Estimation and Hypothesis Testing

José M. Bernardo

in Bayesian Statistics 9

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199694587
eISBN:
9780191731921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694587.003.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

The complete final product of Bayesian inference is the posterior distribution of the quantity of interest. Important inference summaries include point estimation, region estimation and precise ... More


Physics

Nicholas Griffin

in Russell’s Idealist Apprenticeship

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198244530
eISBN:
9780191680786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198244530.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter discusses Russell's ideas about physics, the next subject that he tackled right after completing An Essay on the Foundations of Geometry. Ever since 1896, Russell had begun sketching out ... More


The Logical Must: Wittgenstein on Logic

Penelope Maddy

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199391752
eISBN:
9780199391776
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199391752.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, General

This book is an examination of Wittgenstein’s philosophy of logic, early and late, undertaken from an austere naturalistic perspective called ‘‘Second Philosophy’’. On a generally metaphysical ... More


Navigating Shakespeare’s Moral Compass

Neema Parvini

in Shakespeare's Moral Compass

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781474432870
eISBN:
9781474453745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474432870.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare Studies

At a time when some feel that Western civilization is at a moment of crisis – and in which many are taking stock and looking for meaning – this chapter introduces a book which looks, as so many ... More


The Constrained Vision of Evolutionary Ethics

Neema Parvini

in Shakespeare's Moral Compass

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781474432870
eISBN:
9781474453745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474432870.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare Studies

This chapter adapts Thomas Sowell’s concept of the constrained (or “tragic”) and unconstrained (or “utopian) visions of humanity in its consideration of evolutionary ethics as a lens through which to ... More


The World of Indian Foundations

Pushpa Sundar

in Giving with a Thousand Hands: The Changing Face of Indian Philanthropy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780199470686
eISBN:
9780199088881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199470686.003.0010
Subject:
Social Work, Communities and Organizations

Foundations are an important vehicle to translate philanthropic intentions. They have been a major force for change worldwide. This chapter discusses the situation of foundations in India—numbers, ... More


The Circuit Rider Mounts: Establishing Worth and the Birth of a Social Movement

Paul-Brian McInerney

in From Social Movement to Moral Market: How the Circuit Riders Sparked an IT Revolution and Created a Technology Market

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780804785129
eISBN:
9780804789066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804785129.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter discusses the inauspicious roots of the Circuit Rider movement, explaining how early adherents mobilized others by convincing them of the worth of information technology in the nonprofit ... More


Scientists, Donors, and the Politics of Anticipating the Future

Jade S. Sasser

in On Infertile Ground: Population Control and Women's Rights in the Era of Climate Change

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781479873432
eISBN:
9781479860142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479873432.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Chapter 3 explores the close relationships between scientists and their funders as they work together to produce new knowledge as a base from which to advocate for policy. Climate scientists both ... More


Edmund S. Phelps

Roger W. Spencer and David A. Macpherson

in Lives of the Laureates: Twenty-three Nobel Economists

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262027960
eISBN:
9780262325868
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027960.003.0019
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter examines the life of Edmund S. Phelps, another Nobel Prize awardee. Phelps was born in 1933 and received his Ph.D. f Yale in 1959. He was appointed professor of economics at the ... More


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