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Fortification and Siege

Thomas J. Brown

in Civil War Canon: Sites of Confederate Memory in South Carolina

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781469620954
eISBN:
9781469623122
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469620954.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter discusses the renovation of Fort Sumter within the recentering of the Charleston economy on tourism. The shaping of the Fort Sumter National Monument was the single largest restoration ... More


Any Decision Would Be Preferable to This Uncertainty: March–April

Gary W. Gallagher

in Lincoln and the Decision for War: The Northern Response to Secession

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807831885
eISBN:
9781469603797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807886328_mcclintock.13
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter describes how the noose drew tighter around Lincoln's administration with each passing day after his inauguration. The decision facing the new president was grave, graver than any faced ... More


Treated with the Greatest Civility: Winfield Scott, Robert Anderson, and the Path to Fort Sumter

David Silkenat

in Raising the White Flag: How Surrender Defined the American Civil War

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781469649726
eISBN:
9781469649740
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469649726.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter explores the role of surrender in American history prior to the Civil War, including the Revolutionary War, War of 1812, and Mexican War. It argues that American ideas about surrender ... More


Fort Sumter to Manassas: Letters 1 through 15 14 April through 17 September 1861

Judith N. McArthur and Orville Vernon Burton

in “A Gentleman and an Officer”: A Military and Social History of James B. Griffin's Civil War

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195093124
eISBN:
9780199853915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195093124.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter presents Griffin's wartime letters to his wife Leila in South Carolina dated from April 14 to September 17, 1861. These letters are about Griffin's arrival in Fort Sumter, his ... More


Raising the White Flag: How Surrender Defined the American Civil War

David Silkenat

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781469649726
eISBN:
9781469649740
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469649726.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

The American Civil War began with a laying down of arms by Union troops at Fort Sumter, and it ended with a series of surrenders, most famously at Appomattox Courthouse. But in the intervening four ... More


Never Surrender: Remembering (and Forgetting) Civil War Surrenders

David Silkenat

in Raising the White Flag: How Surrender Defined the American Civil War

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781469649726
eISBN:
9781469649740
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469649726.003.0011
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter seeks to situate how surrenders fit into the memorialization and memory of the Civil War. It argues that surrender sites, unlike battlefields, proved challenging to commemorate. This ... More


“My Feeling of Duty Urges Me to It.”: Letters 1 through 20 April 1861 through August 1861

Guy R. Everson and Edward H. Simpson

in “far, Far From Home”: The Wartime Letters of Dick and Tally Simpson Third South Carolina Volunteers

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195086645
eISBN:
9780199853946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195086645.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter presents Dick and Tally Simpsonsʼ wartime letters to their family in South Carolina from April to August 1861. These letters cover the period from the fall of Fort Sumter in April 1861 ... More


If We Can’t Go with the South Let Us Quit the North: War, Violence, and Neutrality, March–June 1861

Michael D. Robinson

in Union Indivisible: Secession and the Politics of Slavery in the Border South

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781469633787
eISBN:
9781469633794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469633787.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter tracks the course of the Border South during a critical interval in the secession crisis when war breaks out between the United States and the Confederacy. Without a compromise in hand ... More


Crises of Conscience

Brian R. McEnany

in For Brotherhood and Duty: The Civil War History of the West Point Class of 1862

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780813160627
eISBN:
9780813165479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813160627.003.0003
Subject:
History, Military History

During the summer of 1860, political campaigns, the split in the Democratic Party, and sectionalism further increased tensions between cadets. As a result of the election of Lincoln and initial ... More


From Waiting Game to War: Lincoln Takes Command

William L. Barney

in Rebels in the Making: The Secession Crisis and the Birth of the Confederacy

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780190076085
eISBN:
9780190076115
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190076085.003.0011
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century, Political History

A month of anxious waiting came to an end in early April 1861 when Lincoln’s decision to send a relief expedition to Fort Sumter shattered an uneasy peace between the Union and the Confederacy and ... More


Deadlock and a Deepening Crisis

William L. Barney

in Rebels in the Making: The Secession Crisis and the Birth of the Confederacy

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780190076085
eISBN:
9780190076115
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190076085.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century, Political History

Congressional efforts to quell secession through a sectional compromise collapsed in December. As Northerners debated ways to deal with secession, President James Buchanan, a Democrat who had long ... More


The Court Spy

William Marvel

in Lincoln's Autocrat: The Life of Edwin Stanton

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781469622491
eISBN:
9781469623313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469622491.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter examines Edwin M. Stanton's secret communication with the Buchanan administration's political enemies in the North, to whom he routinely revealed the confidential discussions of the ... More


Joseph Holt, James Buchanan, and the Secession Crisis

DANIEL W. CROFTS

in James Buchanan and the Coming of the Civil War

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780813044262
eISBN:
9780813046242
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813044262.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Conventional wisdom disparages President James Buchanan for allowing the secession movement to incubate and doing nothing to stop it. But Joseph Holt of Kentucky, Secretary of War during Buchanan’s ... More


The First Confiscation Act

John Syrett

in The Civil War Confiscation Acts: Failing to Reconstruct the South

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780823224890
eISBN:
9780823240852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823224890.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Samuel Gridley Howe and other abolitionists believed that with the firing on Fort Sumter, God had “opened the way” for the emancipation of the slaves and the subjugation of the “Slave power.” Many ... More


Chapter Two

Nancy Disher Baird

in Josie Underwood's Civil War Diary

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813125312
eISBN:
9780813135151
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813125312.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

Josie discovered that the major topic of conversation in her hometown, as in Memphis, concerned the pros and cons of secession upon her return to Bowling Green. She repeated the fears and opinions ... More


Resonance

Emory M. Thomas

in The Dogs of War: 1861

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780195174700
eISBN:
9780190254612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195174700.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This concluding chapter sums up the key findings of this study on the First Battle of Bull Run in 1861 which started the American Civil War. It discusses Abraham Lincoln's duty to deny the legitimacy ... More


Armies on the Border

Berry Craig

in Kentucky Confederates: Secession, Civil War, and the Jackson Purchase

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780813146928
eISBN:
9780813151441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813146928.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

The firing on Fort Sumter all but wiped out Unionist sentiment in the Purchase but failed to dislodge Kentucky from the Union. The Purchase clamored even more loudly for secession, while most other ... More


John William De Forest (1826–1906)

Louis P. Masur (ed.)

in “… The Real War Will Never Get in the Books”: Selections from Writers During the Civil War

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195098372
eISBN:
9780199853908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195098372.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Of all the writers at the time, John William De Forest saw the most action as a Civil War soldier. Through it all he kept writing: letters home, journal entries, essays for literary magazines, the ... More


The South Has Been Wronged: James Buchanan and the Secession Crisis

JEAN H. BAKER

in James Buchanan and the Coming of the Civil War

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780813044262
eISBN:
9780813046242
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813044262.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter focuses on Buchanan’s actions during the secession crisis, specifically from the period after Abraham Lincoln’s election in November 1860 to his inauguration in March 1861. Baker argues ... More


Prologue: “On to Washington!”

John Lockwood and Charles Lockwood

in The Siege of Washington: The Untold Story of the Twelve Days That Shook the Union

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199759897
eISBN:
9780190254452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199759897.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This prologue narrates the events that culminated in the twelve-day siege of Washington by Confederate forces on April 14–25, 1861, including the Confederates plotting to seize it and Union troops ... More


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