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Is Plato’s Conception of the form of the Good Contradictory? 

Gerhard Seel

in Pursuing the Good: Ethics and Metaphysics in Plato's Republic

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748628117
eISBN:
9780748652488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748628117.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Wanted posters normally contain a certain number of characteristic features of the individual being looked for. And if these features taken together are sufficiently specific, there should be – in ... More


Pursuing the Good: Ethics and Metaphysics in Plato's Republic

Douglas Cairns and Fritz-Gregor Herrmann

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748628117
eISBN:
9780748652488
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748628117.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book brings together contributions from Plato scholars from Britain, Europe and North America on a closely defined topic central to Plato's thought and to Ancient Philosophy: Plato's Form of the ... More


The Good, Advantage, Happiness and the form of the Good: How Continuous with Socratic Ethics is Platonic Ethics?

Terry Penner

in Pursuing the Good: Ethics and Metaphysics in Plato's Republic

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748628117
eISBN:
9780748652488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748628117.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In earlier investigations of the ‘longer road’ in Books IV and VI–VII of the Republic, the author concluded that the good which the Form of the Good is the Form of is benefit or advantage pure and ... More


The Carpenter and the Good 

Rachel Barney

in Pursuing the Good: Ethics and Metaphysics in Plato's Republic

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748628117
eISBN:
9780748652488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748628117.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter addresses the question of how good an argument Aristotle has at the end of Nicomachean Ethics I.6, in his final criticism of Plato's Form of the Good, presenting the argument from the ... More


The Form of the Good I: Vision and Knowledge in Three Images

Andrew Payne

in The Teleology of Action in Plato's Republic

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198799023
eISBN:
9780191846670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198799023.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter discusses the premise that understanding the Form of the Good is the unintended end or purpose of philosophic inquiry in the sense of Plato’s functional teleology of action. It begins ... More


Studying Mathematics for the Sake of the Good

Andrew Payne

in The Teleology of Action in Plato's Republic

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198799023
eISBN:
9780191846670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198799023.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

In this, the final chapter, the focus is on Socrates’ expectation that potential guardians will study mathematics for the purpose of understanding the Form of the Good. Mathematical studies ... More


A Series of Goods

Christopher Shields

in Virtue, Happiness, Knowledge: Themes from the Work of Gail Fine and Terence Irwin

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198817277
eISBN:
9780191858796
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198817277.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Aristotle criticizes Plato’s Form of the Good, insisting that goodness is not ‘something common, universal, and one’ (EN 1096a28). He rejects Plato’s univocity assumption to the effect that goodness ... More


Dialectic in the Republic

Hugh H. Benson

in Clitophon’s Challenge: Dialectic in Plato's Meno, Phaedo, and Republic

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199324835
eISBN:
9780190228224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199324835.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The final chapter turns to Plato’s description of dialectic in Republic 6 and 7. These books contain the images of the Sun, the Line, and the Cave, as well as the description of the education of the ... More


The Longer Route

Dominic Scott

in Levels of Argument: A Comparative Study of Plato's Republic and Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199249640
eISBN:
9780191799877
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199249640.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter examines what books VI–VII say about the longer route, which would examine the nature and value of justice (and the other virtues) on the basis of knowledge of the Forms, especially the ... More


The Form of the Good II: Dianoia in the Divided Line

Andrew Payne

in The Teleology of Action in Plato's Republic

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198799023
eISBN:
9780191846670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198799023.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter is concerned with the image of the Divided Line, in which dianoia illustrates the use of the image-original relation. Dianoia employs visible objects such as the diagrams used in ... More


The Summum Bonum in Aristotle’s Ethics: Fractured Goodness

Christopher Shields

in The Highest Good in Aristotle and Kant

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780198714019
eISBN:
9780191782244
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714019.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Aristotle expressly defends eudaimonia as the summum bonum for human beings (EN 1094a21–2), which good he characterizes as a complete, final, and intrinsic good, and as the source and cause of the ... More


Varieties of Teleology

Andrew Payne

in The Teleology of Action in Plato's Republic

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198799023
eISBN:
9780191846670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198799023.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter considers the teleological claims made by Plato in his writings, according to which an event or action or natural phenomenon occurs for the sake of some end. Students of ancient ... More


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