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The Empire of Nature

S. RAVI RAJAN

in Modernizing Nature: Forestry and Imperial Eco-Development 1800-1950

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199277964
eISBN:
9780191707827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199277964.003.0003
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter describes the growth of the idea of forest conservancy in the British Empire throughout the 19th century. It begins by examining the period 1800-60, when colonial scientists in India, ... More


The Empire Strikes Back

S. RAVI RAJAN

in Modernizing Nature: Forestry and Imperial Eco-Development 1800-1950

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199277964
eISBN:
9780191707827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199277964.003.0004
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter examines the origins of the Empire Forestry Conferences, and in particular the role of the imperial forestry community and its allies in the United Kingdom in bringing the conferences ... More


The Imperial Environmentalist

S. RAVI RAJAN

in Modernizing Nature: Forestry and Imperial Eco-Development 1800-1950

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199277964
eISBN:
9780191707827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199277964.003.0005
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter explores the forest management agendas and environmentalist ideologies of colonial forestry as expressed at the Empire Forestry Conferences during the first half of the 20th century. In ... More


Exporting and Acclimatizing Regional Planning Models to the Tropics

Bernard Debarbieux, Gilles Rudaz, and Martin F. Price

in The Mountain: A Political History from the Enlightenment to the Present

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226031118
eISBN:
9780226031255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226031255.003.0008
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Cultural and Historical Geography

Chapter 7 focuses on the adaption of the mountain conception imported to the colonies. Indeed, the conception does not simply follow a copy paste model from the metropolises to the colonies. ... More


Protecting the Land

David Vogel

in California Greenin': How the Golden State Became an Environmental Leader

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780691196176
eISBN:
9781400889594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691196176.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter discusses the efforts to protect Yosemite and the sequoias in the Sierras in the nineteenth century and then turns to the more heated conflicts over the fate of the coastal redwoods. The ... More


Introduction

Michael J Lannoo

in Leopold's Shack and Ricketts's Lab: The Emergence of Environmentalism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520264786
eISBN:
9780520946064
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520264786.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Aldo Leopold and Edward F. Ricketts worked at a time when ecology was a word so new to the world of ideas that they themselves rarely used it. The overarching interest they shared was in the ... More


Unsustainable Yield: American Foresters and Tropical Timber Resources

Richard P. Tucker

in Insatiable Appetite: The United States and the Ecological Degradation of the Tropical World

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520220874
eISBN:
9780520923812
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520220874.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter discusses the timber industry and the various timber resources. It starts with the exploitation of tropical timber during the twentieth century, which was mainly due to the expansion of ... More


State Power to Persist: Contemporary Forms of Forest Access Control

Nancy Lee Peluso

in Rich Forests, Poor People: Resource Control and Resistance in Java

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520073777
eISBN:
9780520915534
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520073777.003.0005
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

The reorganization of the State Forestry Corporation of Java (Perum Perhutani or SFC), under Soeharto's New Order and the economic growth thrust of the New Order state, characterized Forestry's ... More


Environmental Law of Costa Rica: Development and Enforcement

Roxana Salazar

in Biodiversity Conservation in Costa Rica: Learning the Lessons in a Seasonal Dry Forest

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520223097
eISBN:
9780520937772
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520223097.003.0022
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter presents the legal frame for environmental and biodiversity protection in Costa Rica. It discusses some of the most important environmental laws produced by Costa Rica's Legislative ... More


Environmental Issues and Conflict in Tibet

Yonten Nyima and Emily T. Yeh

in Ethnic Conflict and Protest in Tibet and Xinjiang: Unrest in China's West

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780231169981
eISBN:
9780231540445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231169981.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This chapter examines the social and economic impacts of state environmental policies in Eastern Tibet.


Plantations: From Security to Profitability

Brett M. Bennett

in Plantations and Protected Areas: A Global History of Forest Management

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262029933
eISBN:
9780262329910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029933.003.0002
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

This chapter analyzes the historical evolution of management methods for establishing timber plantations, from their earliest origins to the proliferation of plantations in tropical developing ... More


Introduction: The Forest Management Divergence

Brett M. Bennett

in Plantations and Protected Areas: A Global History of Forest Management

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262029933
eISBN:
9780262329910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029933.003.0005
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

This chapter introduces the concept of the forest management divergence to analyze the separation of timber production from the protection of forest biodiversity that has occurred globally in the ... More


The Mother Who Birthed the Florida Park Service

David J. Nelson

in How the New Deal Built Florida Tourism: The Civilian Conservation Corps and State Parks

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780813056319
eISBN:
9780813058092
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813056319.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

As the most powerful woman in pre–World War II Florida, May Mann Jennings was instrumental in the development of the Florida Park Service and its predecessor, Florida Forestry Service, as well as ... More


Great Possessions1945–1948

Marybeth Lorbiecki

in A Fierce Green Fire: The Life and Legacy of Aldo Leopold

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199965038
eISBN:
9780197563311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199965038.003.0018
Subject:
Environmental Science, Conservation of the Environment

Soldiers returning from the war who longed to be a part of something life-affirming and “pure” rushed into the ranks of the wildlife profession. In the fall of 1945 and spring of 1946, the ... More


Timber

Christine Cheng

in Extralegal Groups in Post-Conflict Liberia: How Trade Makes the State

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780199673346
eISBN:
9780191755910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199673346.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

During the civil war, Liberia’s forestry sector rose to prominence as Charles Taylor traded timber for arms. When the war ended, the UN’s timber sanctions remained in effect, reinforced by the ... More


The Trees in the Woods 1945–2007

K.J. Kirby

in Wytham Woods: Oxford's Ecological Laboratory

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199605187
eISBN:
9780191810039
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199605187.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter explores the status of the trees located in Wytham. It examines the tree's physiology, including the composition and structure of shrub layers in Wytham. It describes the extent of the ... More


Climate, Society, and Sustainable Development: Assessing Vulnerability, Building Adaptive Capacity

Cynthia Rosenzweig and Daniel Hillel

in Climate Variability and the Global Harvest: Impacts of El Niño and Other Oscillations on Agro-Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195137637
eISBN:
9780197561669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195137637.003.0013
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Environmental Geography

Agriculture and food security, water resources, ecosystems, natural disasters, and human health are all affected significantly by short-term fluctuations of weather and by longer-term changes of ... More


Agriculture in Monteverde: Moving Toward Sustainability

Katherine Griffith and Daniel Peck

in Monteverde: Ecology and Conservation of a Tropical Cloud Forest

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195095609
eISBN:
9780197561546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195095609.003.0017
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Environmental Geography

This chapter is an overview of how Monteverde settlers transformed their environment into a diversity of agricultural systems. We first discuss “people living in nature,” how Monteverdans have ... More


Solute Transport and Crop Growth Models in the Field

Peter B. Tinker and Peter Nye

in Solute Movement in the Rhizosphere

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195124927
eISBN:
9780197561324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195124927.003.0015
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Soil Science

In this chapter we deal with vegetation growing in the field. This introduces new and challenging questions of scale and heterogeneity, in time and space, of the environment in which plants grow. ... More


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