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Nanoscale Device Physics: Science and Engineering Fundamentals

Sandip Tiwari

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780198759874
eISBN:
9780191820847
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198759874.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Nanoscale devices are distinguishable from the larger microscale devices in their specific dependence on physical phenomena and effects that are central to their operation. The size change manifests ... More


Retreat to the Ivory Tower

Ian Kumekawa

in The First Serious Optimist: A. C. Pigou and the Birth of Welfare Economics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691163482
eISBN:
9781400885206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691163482.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter discusses Pigou's withdrawal to the academy at Cambridge, which did not merely indicate a changing perception of the possibilities of government action. This withdrawal also signaled ... More


Information mechanics

Sandip Tiwari

in Nanoscale Device Physics: Science and Engineering Fundamentals

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780198759874
eISBN:
9780191820847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198759874.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Information is physical, so its manipulation through devices is subject to its own mechanics: the science and engineering of behavioral description, which is intermingled with classical, quantum and ... More


Electromechanics and its devices

Sandip Tiwari

in Nanoscale Device Physics: Science and Engineering Fundamentals

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780198759874
eISBN:
9780191820847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198759874.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Electromechanics—coupling of mechanical forces with others—exhibits a continuum-to-discrete spectrum of properties. In this chapter, classical and newer analysis techniques are developed for devices ... More


Classical Theories of Rubber Elasticity

Burak Erman and James E. Mark

in Structures and Properties of Rubberlike Networks

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195082371
eISBN:
9780197560433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195082371.003.0004
Subject:
Chemistry, Materials Chemistry

This chapter describes three molecular theories of rubber elasticity. Section 2.1 outlines the elementary theory of Kuhn and Treloar, which is of particular importance since it presents the basic ... More


Intermolecular Effects: II. Constraints along Network Chains

Burak Erman and James E. Mark

in Structures and Properties of Rubberlike Networks

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195082371
eISBN:
9780197560433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195082371.003.0006
Subject:
Chemistry, Materials Chemistry

In the constrained-junction model presented in chapter 3, intermolecular correlations were assumed to suppress the fluctuations of junctions. According to this model, the elastic free energy of a ... More


Relationships between Stress and Strain

Burak Erman and James E. Mark

in Structures and Properties of Rubberlike Networks

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195082371
eISBN:
9780197560433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195082371.003.0007
Subject:
Chemistry, Materials Chemistry

In the first section of this chapter, the relationships between the Helmholtz free energy, the stress tensor, and the deformation tensor are given for uniaxial stress. These relations follow from ... More


Segmental Orientation

Burak Erman and James E. Mark

in Structures and Properties of Rubberlike Networks

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195082371
eISBN:
9780197560433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195082371.003.0013
Subject:
Chemistry, Materials Chemistry

Segmental or molecular orientation refers to the anisotropic distribution of chain-segment orientations in space, due to the orienting effect of some external agent. In the case of uniaxially ... More


Networks with Semiflexible Chains and Networks Exhibiting Strain-Induced Crystallization

Burak Erman and James E. Mark

in Structures and Properties of Rubberlike Networks

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195082371
eISBN:
9780197560433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195082371.003.0014
Subject:
Chemistry, Materials Chemistry

Classical theories of rubber elasticity are based on models of flexible polymer chains that are sufficiently long to exhibit Gaussian behavior as described in chapter 1 and in appendix F. ... More


Small-Angle Neutron Scattering

Burak Erman and James E. Mark

in Structures and Properties of Rubberlike Networks

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195082371
eISBN:
9780197560433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195082371.003.0016
Subject:
Chemistry, Materials Chemistry

Small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) experiments from networks were initiated by Benoit and collaborators in the mid-1970s. Currently, SANS is an important major technique used in studying network ... More


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