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Introduction: The Price of Inclusion: Austria’s First Republic and the Jews

Lisa Silverman

in Becoming Austrians: Jews and Culture between the World Wars

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199794843
eISBN:
9780199950072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794843.003.0000
Subject:
History, European Modern History, History of Religion

This chapter introduces the overlapping, imagined notions of Jews, Vienna, and the Austrian provinces between the World Wars by examining how the national and urban representations functioned in ... More


Stylized Facts

Antonio M. Merlo, Vincenzo Galasso, Massimiliano Landi, and Andrea Mattozzi

in The Ruling Class: Management and Politics in Modern Italy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199588282
eISBN:
9780191595417
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588282.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics, Public and Welfare

This chapter provides an overview of the career profiles of Italian legislators over the entire sample period 1948–2008. In particular, it documents the extent to which the characteristics of Italian ... More


The Modern Foundations of Brazilian Cinema

Maite Conde

in Foundational Films: Early Cinema and Modernity in Brazil

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780520290983
eISBN:
9780520964884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520290983.003.0001
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

The introductory chapter outlines a theory of early cinema in Brazil and its relationship to the country’s invention of modernity. Theories and examinations of early film’s relationship to modernity ... More


The German Advisers in Slovakia, 1939–1945: Conflict or Co-operation?

Tatjana Tönsmeyer

in Czechoslovakia in a Nationalist and Fascist Europe, 1918–1948

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263914
eISBN:
9780191734359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263914.003.0010
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Just days after the Slovak state was created, it signed with Nazi Germany a ‘treaty of protection’ and a protocol on co-operation in financial and economic matters. As a result of these measures, ... More


The First Republic

Patrice Gueniffey

in The French Republic: History, Values, Debates

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449017
eISBN:
9780801460647
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449017.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter argues that the First Republic was not a distinct, coherent system of government but a historical process whose chronological beginning and end are not well defined. It reveals that in ... More


Black Vienna: The Radical Right in the Red City, 1918-1938

Janek Wasserman

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452871
eISBN:
9780801455223
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452871.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Interwar Vienna was considered a bastion of radical socialist thought, and its reputation as “Red Vienna” has loomed large in both the popular imagination and the historiography of Central Europe. ... More


Times of Exile and Immigration

Lloyd Kramer

in The French Republic: History, Values, Debates

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449017
eISBN:
9780801460647
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449017.003.0023
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter is a summary of the interactions between exile and republicanism, focusing on specific moments in the history of the First, Second, and Third French Republics. Each of France's early ... More


The People of the Curuá River: Black Rural Protest and the Vargas Era in Amazonia, 1921–1945

Oscar de la Torre

in The People of the River: Nature and Identity in Black Amazonia, 1835-1945

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781469643243
eISBN:
9781469643267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469643243.003.0007
Subject:
History, Latin American History

In 1921, the village of Pacoval, located not far from Santarém on the northern shore of the Amazon River, was in turmoil. In August the state government sent a special envoy to ascertain if the ... More


Early Cinema and National Identity in Brazil: Mapping Out a Space of Analysis

Maite Conde

in Foundational Films: Early Cinema and Modernity in Brazil

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780520290983
eISBN:
9780520964884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520290983.003.0002
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter presents an overview and critique of theories of Brazil’s cinematic belle epoque, which have depicted the early film period as a golden age of Brazilian filmmaking in contrast to later ... More


Differing Responses to Increased State Influence: The Orchestras during the Republics (1918–1933)

Fritz Trümpi and Kenneth Kronenberg

in The Political Orchestra: The Vienna and Berlin Philharmonics During the Third Reich

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226251394
eISBN:
9780226251424
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226251424.003.0003
Subject:
Music, History, Western

This chapter examines the two orchestras during the interwar period of politicization. Here, stark differences can be seen in the ties between each philharmonic and its republic. The concert ... More


Foundational Films: Early Cinema and Modernity in Brazil

Maite Conde

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780520290983
eISBN:
9780520964884
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520290983.001.0001
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

The first screening of films in Brazil took place on July 8, 1896. Journalists immediately praised the movies’ modernity and their progressive dimensions. Their commentaries support the commonly held ... More


Envisioning Sharia, Imagining the Past

Brandon Kendhammer

in Muslims Talking Politics: Framing Islam, Democracy, and Law in Northern Nigeria

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226368986
eISBN:
9780226369174
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226369174.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter traces the development of “Muslim politics” in northern Nigeria from the era of the Sokoto Caliphate through British colonial rule and the independence-era Nigerian First Republic. ... More


Decolonizing Plantations

Michitake Aso

in Rubber and the Making of Vietnam: An Ecological History, 1897-1975

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781469637150
eISBN:
9781469637174
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469637150.003.0007
Subject:
History, Environmental History

Planners from the United States and the Republic of Vietnam initially looked to rubber as an important source of income and a way to create Vietnamese smallholders, or individuals who owned modestly ... More


Epilogue: Brazil, 1985 to the New Century

Paulina L. Alberto

in Terms of Inclusion: Black Intellectuals in Twentieth-Century Brazil

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780807834374
eISBN:
9781469603186
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807877715_alberto.12
Subject:
History, Latin American History

This chapter discusses the new generation of black thinkers and activists across Brazil that revised their relationship with dominant racial ideologies, rejecting the shared symbols that, in ... More


Exporters’ Marginalization and the Persistence of Nigeria’s Weak State, 1945–1966

Ryan Saylor

in State Building in Boom Times: Commodities and Coalitions in Latin America and Africa

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199364954
eISBN:
9780199364978
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199364954.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Nigeria’s postwar agricultural commodity booms in cocoa, groundnuts, and palm oil prompted export producers to demand new public goods. But exporters were politically marginalized and did not receive ... More


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