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The Birth of the Language of Nationalism

Maurizio Viroli

in For Love of Country: An Essay On Patriotism and Nationalism

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293583
eISBN:
9780191600289
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293585.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Focuses on the emergence of German nationalist theories that prioritized the spiritual and cultural unity of a nation over the political liberty of the ancients. Herder stressed the cultural unity of ... More


The Closed Commercial State: Perpetual Peace and Commercial Society from Rousseau to Fichte

Isaac Nakhimovsky

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148946
eISBN:
9781400838752
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148946.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This book presents an important new account of Johann Gottlieb Fichte's Closed Commercial State, a major early nineteenth-century development of Rousseau and Kant's political thought. This book shows ... More


Politics

Robert B. Louden

in The World We Want: How and Why the Ideals of the Enlightenment Still Elude Us

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195321371
eISBN:
9780199869787
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195321371.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter analyzes a number of nationalist statements in Enlightenment political thought. Although the most ardent voices of late 18th-century nationalism are themselves not always viewed as ... More


Revolution’s Chances

John T. Hamilton

in Security: Politics, Humanity, and the Philology of Care

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157528
eISBN:
9781400846474
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157528.003.0012
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter begins with a discussion of Kant, who led an almost abstract life of a confirmed bachelor. Heine links Kant's bachelorhood with his remote quarters, depicted as leading what we might ... More


Germany and the Humboldtian Model

R. D. Anderson

in European Universities from the Enlightenment to 1914

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198206606
eISBN:
9780191717307
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206606.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The University of Berlin, founded in 1810 under the influence of Wilhelm von Humboldt, is traditionally seen as the model institution of the 19th century. In fact the German system emerged from ... More


Introduction

Isaac Nakhimovsky

in The Closed Commercial State: Perpetual Peace and Commercial Society from Rousseau to Fichte

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148946
eISBN:
9781400838752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148946.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This introductory chapter first sets out the book's focus, namely Johann Gottlieb Fichte (1762–1814), whose investigation of the idea of perpetual peace culminated in his Der geschlossene ... More


Perpetual Peace and Fichte’s Theory of the State

Isaac Nakhimovsky

in The Closed Commercial State: Perpetual Peace and Commercial Society from Rousseau to Fichte

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148946
eISBN:
9781400838752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148946.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter recounts how Fichte's theory of the state was profoundly shaped by his encounter with Rousseau, Sieyès, and Kant. Fichte developed a more radical version of the constitutional theory ... More


Commerce and the European Commonwealth in 1800

Isaac Nakhimovsky

in The Closed Commercial State: Perpetual Peace and Commercial Society from Rousseau to Fichte

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148946
eISBN:
9781400838752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148946.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter shows how Fichte's response to Kant's essay Perpetual Peace culminated in The Closed Commercial State. Kant's essay defined the legal character of a peaceful international community. It ... More


Republicanization in Theory and Practice

Isaac Nakhimovsky

in The Closed Commercial State: Perpetual Peace and Commercial Society from Rousseau to Fichte

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148946
eISBN:
9781400838752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148946.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter reveals that Fichte's proposal for a planned economy was an application of widespread eighteenth-century thinking about the positive possibilities created by modern finance: in this ... More


Fichte’s Political Economy of the General Will

Isaac Nakhimovsky

in The Closed Commercial State: Perpetual Peace and Commercial Society from Rousseau to Fichte

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148946
eISBN:
9781400838752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148946.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter describes how Fichte's book was perceived as an important challenge by admirers of Adam Smith because its normative evaluation of market society was grounded in a theory of property ... More


Conclusion

Isaac Nakhimovsky

in The Closed Commercial State: Perpetual Peace and Commercial Society from Rousseau to Fichte

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148946
eISBN:
9781400838752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148946.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter considers the broader implications of Fichte's work. Fichte's The Closed Commercial State was an intensive investigation into the prospects of Europe's transformation into the kind of ... More


: Kant on Freedom of the Will

Henry E. Allison

in Essays on Kant

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199647033
eISBN:
9780191741166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199647033.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This essay discusses the various conceptions of freedom to be found in Kant's texts, analyzes the connection between them and Kant's moral theory and epistemology, explores the contrast between the ... More


The Science of Political Right: II

Martin Loughlin

in Foundations of Public Law

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199256853
eISBN:
9780191594267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256853.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter examines the second of Rousseau's accounts of the political pact — that described in his Discourse on Inequality. This is a historical, rather than philosophical, account in which the ... More


Eckhart’s Intention: Commentary on John, Part 1

Kurt Flasch

in Meister Eckhart: Philosopher of Christianity

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780300204865
eISBN:
9780300216370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300204865.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter examines Meister Eckhart's commentary on the Gospel of John. It first considers Johann Gottlieb Fichte's conception of man and mind in The Way towards the Blessed Life (Berlin, 1806) ... More


German Idealism as Constructivism

Tom Rockmore

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226349909
eISBN:
9780226350073
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226350073.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

German Idealism as Constructivism is Tom Rockmore’s statement on the debate about German idealism between proponents of representationalism and those of constructivism that still plagues our grasp of ... More


Theories and Practices of the Doppelgänger

Andrew J. Webber

in The Doppelgänger: Double Visions in German Literature

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198159049
eISBN:
9780191673467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198159049.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

This chapter gives an overview of the manifestations of the Doppelgäanger in literary practice and sets up a survey of theoretical positions on the double, which will both stand as objects of ... More


Metaphysics: The Question of Fact, 1

Galen Strawson

in Selves: An Essay in Revisionary Metaphysics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198250067
eISBN:
9780191712593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250067.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter begins with a discussion of the thin conception, according to which a subject of experience is something that exists only if experience exists of which it is the subject. It explores ... More


Postscript

David Fairer

in Organising Poetry: The Coleridge Circle, 1790-1798

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199296163
eISBN:
9780191712289
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296163.003.0014
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism, Poetry

A brief postscript examines the 1798 text of ‘Frost at Midnight’ and the changes Coleridge later made to it (in 1812, 1817, and 1829). The poem exemplifies, through its use of modulation, ... More


. Beautiful Freedom: Schiller on the Aesthetic Education of Humanity

Fred Dallmayr

in In Search of the Good Life: A Pedogogy for Troubled Times

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813124575
eISBN:
9780813134994
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813124575.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter provides some historical background in an attempt to profile Friedrich Schiller's work against prominent intellectual currents of modernity. It offers a condensed discussion of the main ... More


Act and Agent

Paul M. Collins

in Trinitarian Theology: West and East: Karl Barth, the Cappadocian Fathers, and John Zizioulas

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198270324
eISBN:
9780191683985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198270324.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter examines the agency behind the event of revelation, as set out in the Church Dogmatics. It explores problems surrounding personal divine agency and the question of intentionality. It ... More


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