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ION TRANSPORT IN NORMAL LIQUID 3HE

A.F. Borghesani

in Ions and electrons in liquid helium

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199213603
eISBN:
9780191707421
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213603.003.0018
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter starts the review of the transport properties of ions and electrons in liquid 3He. In contrast with its 4He bosonic companion, the lighter helium isotope is made of fermions. It is a ... More


Classical superconductivity

A.J. Leggett

in Quantum Liquids: Bose condensation and Cooper pairing in condensed-matter systems

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198526438
eISBN:
9780191711954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526438.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

After a brief review of the normal state of a “textbook” metal, the origin of the effective electron-electron attraction believed to exist in superconducting metals is discussed and the calculation ... More


Superfluid 3He

A.J. Leggett

in Quantum Liquids: Bose condensation and Cooper pairing in condensed-matter systems

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198526438
eISBN:
9780191711954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526438.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

After a brief review of the properties of the normal state of liquid 3He and its description in terms of Landau Fermi-liquid theory, this chapter extends the BCS theory of pairing to the superfluid ... More


ROLE OF FLUCTUATIONS IN HIGH TEMPERATURE SUPERCONDUCTIVITY

Anatoly Larkin and Andrei Varlamov

in Theory of Fluctuations in Superconductors

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528159
eISBN:
9780191713521
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528159.003.0017
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The chapter starts with a discussion of the schematic phase diagram of high temperature superconductors and the role of fluctuations in its different domains. Some modern ideas concerning the origin ... More


Introduction

E. R. DOBBS

in Helium Three

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198506409
eISBN:
9780191709463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198506409.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This introductory chapter begins with a discussion of quantum solids and liquids. It then discusses Fermi gas and liquid, superfluid, and magnetic solid.


Fermi liquid in equilibrium

E. R. DOBBS

in Helium Three

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198506409
eISBN:
9780191709463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198506409.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter describes a semi-phenomenological theory due to Landau that accounts for a wide range of experimental results. The theory also predicts a new form of acoustic propagation, termed zero ... More


Transport properties

E. R. DOBBS

in Helium Three

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198506409
eISBN:
9780191709463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198506409.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter first outlines Fermi liquid theory for the transport coefficients of viscosity, η, thermal conductivity λ, and spin diffusion D. It then shows how far various approximations in the ... More


Collective modes

E. R. DOBBS

in Helium Three

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198506409
eISBN:
9780191709463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198506409.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Having developed his theory of a Fermi liquid to account for the properties of liquid 3He, Landau predicted that at sufficiently low temperatures a new form of sound, called zero sound, would ... More


Interacting Fermion Systems

Xiao-Gang Wen

in Quantum Field Theory of Many-Body Systems: From the Origin of Sound to an Origin of Light and Electrons

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199227259
eISBN:
9780191713019
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227259.003.05
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter first studies the interaction effect of a Fermi sea on a single particle propagator and the related phenomenon of orthogonality catastrophe in X-ray spectrum. It then looks at a weakly ... More


Hydrodynamics

E. R. DOBBS

in Helium Three

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198506409
eISBN:
9780191709463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198506409.003.0026
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter shows how the relationship between experimental results and theoretical calculations for the superfluid density, the transport properties of the superfluid, and the motion of ions within ... More


Penultimate Fate of a Dirty-Fermi Liquid

Alexander Punnoose and Alexander M. Finkel’stein

in Conductor-Insulator Quantum Phase Transitions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199592593
eISBN:
9780191741050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592593.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter reviews here the two-parameter scaling theory of the dirty Fermi-liquid. The chapter shows that this theory captures both quantitatively (for small disorder) and qualitatively (for large ... More


Dynamical Mean-field Theories of Correlation and Disorder

E. Miranda and V. Dobrosavljević

in Conductor-Insulator Quantum Phase Transitions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199592593
eISBN:
9780191741050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592593.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter provides a review of recently-developed Dynamical Mean-Field Theory (DMFT) approaches to the general problem of strongly correlated electronic systems with disorder. The chapter first ... More


Interactions in quantum fluids

T. Giamarchi

in Ultracold Gases and Quantum Information: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School in Singapore: Volume 91, July 2009

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199603657
eISBN:
9780191729515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603657.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter reviews the basic concepts of the effects of interactions on quantum particles. It focuses mostly on the case of fermions, but several aspects of interacting bosons are mentioned as ... More


Models of Strongly Interacting Quantum Matter

Hans-Peter Eckle

in Models of Quantum Matter: A First Course on Integrability and the Bethe Ansatz

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780199678839
eISBN:
9780191878589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199678839.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter introduces a select number of models of strongly interacting quantum many-particle physics and examines their basic properties. These models represent Bosonic and Fermionic systems as ... More


Renormalization, quasiparticles and the Fermi surface

Tom Lancaster and Stephen J. Blundell

in Quantum Field Theory for the Gifted Amateur

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199699322
eISBN:
9780191779435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199699322.003.0032
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Interactions in quantum field theories change the properties of the particles, producing dressed particle, also known as quasiparticles. These are examined in this chapter, which also gives an ... More


Related Theories

Tuck C. Choy

in Effective Medium Theory: Principles and Applications

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780198705093
eISBN:
9780191774171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198705093.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

In this chapter the analogies between EMT with CPA, ATA and RPA are established. Analogies are made with the mean field concept in statistical mechanics and its more subtle variations in areas like ... More


EMT of Electrolytes*

Tuck C. Choy

in Effective Medium Theory: Principles and Applications

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780198705093
eISBN:
9780191774171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198705093.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter is of particular interest to those involved in the field of electrolytes and their complex nature. The chapter highlights some of the most difficult problems in theoretical chemistry. ... More


Landau’s Theory of a Fermi Liquid

J. B. Ketterson

in The Physics of Solids

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198742906
eISBN:
9780191821523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198742906.003.0037
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter analyses Landau’s Fermi liquid theory. A fundamental postulate of Landau’s Fermi liquid theory is that quasiparticle energies are a function of the momentum, p, and that the momentum, ... More


Superfluid3He

J. B. Ketterson

in The Physics of Solids

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198742906
eISBN:
9780191821523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198742906.003.0038
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Since liquid 3He (liquid helium isotope) is a Fermi liquid, it is natural to expect that at some temperature it might become a superfluid. As first observed by Osheroff, Richardson, and Lee, this ... More


Strongly Correlated Systems

J. B. Ketterson

in The Physics of Solids

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198742906
eISBN:
9780191821523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198742906.003.0045
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter examines strongly correlated systems. The discussions of the quantum mechanics of electrons in solids up to this point have largely involved properties that can be treated within the ... More


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