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The Fermi Level: Electrical Properties

Brian Cantor

in The Equations of Materials

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780198851875
eISBN:
9780191886683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198851875.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The Fermi level is the maximum energy of the electrons in a material. Effectively there is a Fermi equation: EF = Emax. This chapter examines the discrete electron energy levels in individual atoms ... More


Electronic Structures

Toshiaki Enoki, Morinobu Endo, and Masatsugu Suzuki

in Graphite Intercalation Compounds and Applications

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195128277
eISBN:
9780197561409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195128277.003.0007
Subject:
Chemistry, Materials Chemistry

In the structure of graphite, graphene hexagon sheets are stacked in an AB stacking mode as shown in Figure 1.3. Such as mode is characterized by strong in-plane C-C bonds and weak interlayer ... More


Laser gain in a semiconductor

Warren Nagourney

in Quantum Electronics for Atomic Physics and Telecommunication: Second Edition

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199665488
eISBN:
9780191779442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665488.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

The theory of semiconductor laser gain is presented. The most important results of the solid-state physics of semiconductors is presented first, as a background, using the helpful one-dimensional ... More


Stability of Ag and Metal Nanoparticles

Tadaaki Tani

in Silver Nanoparticles: From Silver Halide Photography to Plasmonics

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780198714606
eISBN:
9780191782862
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714606.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The stability of Ag nanoparticles is described in this chapter by taking into account the following two conflicting facts. On the one hand, Ag nanoparticles are not regarded to be stable enough for ... More


Introduction

Wolfgang Schmickler

in Interfacial Electrochemistry

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195089325
eISBN:
9780197560563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195089325.003.0007
Subject:
Chemistry, Physical Chemistry

In this chapter we introduce and discuss a number of concepts that are commonly used in the electrochemical literature and in the remainder of this book. In particular we will illuminate the ... More


Nontraditional techniques

Wolfgang Schmickler

in Interfacial Electrochemistry

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195089325
eISBN:
9780197560563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195089325.003.0021
Subject:
Chemistry, Physical Chemistry

The traditional electrochemical techniques are based on the measurement of current and potential, and, in the case of liquid electrodes, of the surface tension. While such measurements can be very ... More


Photochemistry and Excited-State Reactions of Oxides

Bruce C. Bunker and William H. Casey

in The Aqueous Chemistry of Oxides

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199384259
eISBN:
9780197562987
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199384259.003.0020
Subject:
Chemistry, Inorganic Chemistry

The applied voltages that drive electrochemical processes (see Chapter 11) are only one of many energy sources that can be used to activate reactions in oxide molecules and materials. Another ... More


The chemical potential for a semiconductor

Geoffrey Brooker

in Essays in Physics: Thirty-two thoughtful essays on topics in undergraduate-level physics

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780198857242
eISBN:
9780191890284
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198857242.003.0026
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

“The chemical potential for a semiconductor” deals with the way in which the chemical potential (Fermi level) of a semiconductor is affected: by the densities of states in the bands; by temperature; ... More


Theoretical considerations of electron-transfer reactions

Wolfgang Schmickler

in Interfacial Electrochemistry

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195089325
eISBN:
9780197560563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195089325.003.0011
Subject:
Chemistry, Physical Chemistry

Chemical and electrochemical reactions in condensed phases are generally quite complex processes; only outer-sphere electron-transfer reactions are sufficiently simple that we have reached a fair ... More


GICs and Batteries

Toshiaki Enoki, Morinobu Endo, and Masatsugu Suzuki

in Graphite Intercalation Compounds and Applications

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195128277
eISBN:
9780197561409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195128277.003.0011
Subject:
Chemistry, Materials Chemistry

Intercalation can be defined as the process of inserting atoms or molecules (guest chemical species) between layers in a host material with layered structure such as graphite. Intercalation can be ... More


Metal deposition and dissolution

Wolfgang Schmickler

in Interfacial Electrochemistry

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195089325
eISBN:
9780197560563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195089325.003.0020
Subject:
Chemistry, Physical Chemistry

Forced convection can be used to achieve fast transport of reacting species toward and away from the electrode. If the geometry of the system is sufficiently simple, the rate of transport, and ... More


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