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Sub-Federal Laws and Policies in the United States

Cinnamon Piñon Carlarne

in Climate Change Law and Policy: EU and US Perspectives

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199553419
eISBN:
9780191594984
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553419.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Private International Law

States have long been the ‘laboratories of democracy’ for US lawmaking; states and other sub-federal actors are proving particularly important to the development of climate change law and policy. ... More


The Social Security Act for America′s Twenty-First Century

Andrew W. Dobelstein

in Understanding the Social Security Act: The Foundation of Social Welfare for America in the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195366891
eISBN:
9780199894208
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366891.003.0010
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

The story of the Social Security Act documents the growth and development of America's social welfare commitments within the framework of a monumental social, economic and political document. The ... More


The United States of America

Jonathan P. Charkham

in Keeping Better Company: Corporate Governance Ten Years On

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199243198
eISBN:
9780191697234
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199243198.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability, Strategy

This chapter is about the publicly held companies in the USA. Ever since independence the states have fought to limit the role of the Federal government. Wherever a company operates it may choose any ... More


Historians in the Federal Government

Donald A. Ritchie

in The Organization of American Historians and the Writing and Teaching of American History

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199790562
eISBN:
9780199896820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199790562.003.0033
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Employees of the federal government have been doing historical work since 1861 and have facilitated historical work in countless ways. This chapter discusses how academic historians have dominated ... More


Economics in Practice: What Do Economists Do?

George F. DeMartino

in The Economist’s Oath: On the Need for and Content of Professional Economic Ethics

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199730568
eISBN:
9780199896776
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730568.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Where do economists work, and what do they do? The absence of licensing or certification of economists implies that there is no full mapping of the profession. This chapter begins to provide that ... More


I Wonder if I Cannot Make Application for an Appointment Too: Women Join the Federal Workforce

Jessica Ziparo

in This Grand Experiment: When Women Entered the Federal Workforce in Civil War-Era Washington, D.C.

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781469635972
eISBN:
9781469635989
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469635972.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

Chapter One explores how women came to work for the federal government. During the early years of the Civil War, different supervisors, scattered across various executive departments, created ... More


Diffusion of Computing Starts in the United States

James W. Cortada

in The Digital Flood: The Diffusion of Information Technology Across the U.S., Europe, and Asia

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199921553
eISBN:
9780199980406
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199921553.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Wide adoption of computing began in the United States in the early 1940s and this chapter takes that story to the massive adoption of the Internet in the 1990s. The chapter explains the role of ... More


Wildcats, reputations, and the formation of the federal reserve

Simone Polillo

in Conservatives Versus Wildcats: A Sociology of Financial Conflict

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780804785099
eISBN:
9780804785556
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804785099.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

The chapter focuses on political challenges to the decentralized structure of the U.S. polity, and on the response of conservative bankers. Wildcat bankers increasingly contested and disrupted the ... More


This Grand Experiment: When Women Entered the Federal Workforce in Civil War-Era Washington, D.C.

Jessica Ziparo

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781469635972
eISBN:
9781469635989
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469635972.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

In the volatility of the Civil War, the federal government opened its payrolls to women. Although the press and government officials considered the federal employment of women to be an innocuous ... More


Enforcement of Federal Law against the German Länder

Dirk Hanschel

in The Enforcement of EU Law and Values: Ensuring Member States' Compliance

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198746560
eISBN:
9780191808487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198746560.003.0016
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter examines the various legal and political means of federal law enforcement by Germany’s Federal Government and by the Federal Constitutional Court. This is understood as a form of ... More


The Scene Was Ludicrous and Pitiful

John M. Porter

in One of Morgan’s Men: Memoirs of Lieutenant John M. Porter of the Ninth Kentucky Cavalry

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813129891
eISBN:
9780813135700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813129891.003.0013
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

Captain Thomas H. Hines and his command went to South Union and then to the Barren River where the command was able to destroy the steamboat and the stores it carried to supply General Rosecrans's ... More


Modernisation of the State and Bureaucratic Capacity-Building in the Brazilian Federal Government

Celina Souza

in Policy analysis in Brazil

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9781447306849
eISBN:
9781447310976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447306849.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

Particularist relations are increasingly giving way to technical competences and universal procedures as the basis for forming the public bureaucracy. The chapter examines the role of the ... More


The Evil Empire Within: Southern Nationalism and the Washington Problem

David R. Jansson

in Nation within a Nation: The American South and the Federal Government

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780813049878
eISBN:
9780813050348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813049878.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Human geographer David R. Jansson takes for his task the examination of contemporary attitudes of southern nationalists towards the central government, both from a critique of American “empire” by ... More


Failed Promises: Evaluating the Federal Government's Response to Environmental Justice

David M. Konisky (ed.)

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028837
eISBN:
9780262327138
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028837.001.0001
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This book provides the first comprehensive assessment of the federal government’s implementation of environmental justice policy. Decades of scholarly research has demonstrated that low-income and ... More


Telling Her Story to a Man: Applying for Government Work

Jessica Ziparo

in This Grand Experiment: When Women Entered the Federal Workforce in Civil War-Era Washington, D.C.

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781469635972
eISBN:
9781469635989
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469635972.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

Chapter 2 examines how women applied for federal positions and details the criteria department heads used for selection. In general, supervisors were paternalistic, choosing female applicants who ... More


OEO Is Finished: Federal Withdrawal and the Return to States’ Rights

Greta de Jong

in You Can't Eat Freedom: Southerners and Social Justice After the Civil Rights Movement

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781469629308
eISBN:
9781469629322
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469629308.003.0006
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter describes how the conservative political discourse of the 1970s echoed the sentiments expressed by southern opponents of the civil rights movement and the War on Poverty in the 1960s, ... More


Nation within a Nation: The American South and the Federal Government

Glenn Feldman (ed.)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780813049878
eISBN:
9780813050348
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813049878.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This book examines the often tortured relationship between the American South and the federal government. Taking its title from W. J. Cash's famous line about the South being “not quite a nation ... More


Policy Monitoring and Evaluation Systems: Recent Advances in Brazil's Federal Public Administration

Rômulo Paes-Sousa and Aline Gazola Hellmann

in Policy analysis in Brazil

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9781447306849
eISBN:
9781447310976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447306849.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

The chapter focuses on the federal executive, discussing the institutional mechanisms developed by the federal government to promote systematic, ongoing policy evaluation. They emphasise the ... More


Deal or No Deal: Taxes, Government Spending, and Alabamians Having Their Cake and Eating It Too

Natalie Motise Davis

in Nation within a Nation: The American South and the Federal Government

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780813049878
eISBN:
9780813050348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813049878.003.0013
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Political scientist and public opinion expert Natalie Motise Davis uses Alabama as a laboratory to study the paradox of a consistently churlish attitude toward the federal government on the part of ... More


Government Cannot Solve Our Problems: Legacies of Displacement

Greta de Jong

in You Can't Eat Freedom: Southerners and Social Justice After the Civil Rights Movement

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781469629308
eISBN:
9781469629322
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469629308.003.0009
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter examines connections between reponses to labor displacement in the 1960s rural South and the mass layoffs that afflicted industrial workers later in the twentieth century. Antigovernment ... More


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