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The Impeccable System

John Kenneth Galbraith and James K. Galbraith

in Money: Whence It Came, Where It Went

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691171661
eISBN:
9781400889082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691171661.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter examines the impact of the Federal Reserve System on money and banking in the United States. The Federal Reserve System was created in 1913 by virtue of the Federal Reserve Act passed by ... More


Strained Relations: US Foreign-Exchange Operations and Monetary Policy in the Twentieth Century

Michael D. Bordo, Owen F. Humpage, and Anna J. Schwartz

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780226051482
eISBN:
9780226051512
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226051512.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Using the fundamental trilemma of international finance as a broad organizing principle, this book discusses the evolution of monetary and exchange-rate policies over the twentieth century. We start ... More


Understanding Interest Rates and the Economy

Alan N. Rechtschaffen

in Capital Markets, Derivatives, and the Law: Positivity and Preparation

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780190879631
eISBN:
9780190879662
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190879631.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

This chapter begins with a discussion of the Federal Reserve and the Federal Reserve Banking System. The Federal Reserve System was created by Congress under the Federal Reserve Act “to provide for ... More


A Bank in Human Form: Fort Knox and Phantom Gold

in Face Value: The Entwined Histories of Money and Race in America

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226629377
eISBN:
9780226629391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226629391.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The establishment of the Federal Reserve System in 1913 dramatically changed the debate over money in America. The crude racial language surrounding money faded after the Fed moved the subject of ... More


World War and Globalization

Simon James Bytheway and Mark Metzler

in Central Banks and Gold: How Tokyo, London, and New York Shaped the Modern World

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781501704949
eISBN:
9781501705953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501704949.003.0003
Subject:
History, Economic History

This chapter examines how central bank cooperation became a multilateral enterprise during the opening weeks of the First World War. It was the Bank of England that took the initiative to establish a ... More


Introduction

Mercier Paul and Francesco Papadia

in The Concrete Euro: Implementing Monetary Policy in the Euro Area

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199557523
eISBN:
9780191725005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557523.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, International

The introduction clarifies the main purpose of the book: to give an analytical account of the technology for monetary policy implementation of the European Central Bank, comparing it, when useful, ... More


The Federal Reserve: What Everyone Needs to Know

Stephen H. Axilrod

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199934485
eISBN:
9780199345786
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199934485.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

The Federal Reserve System—the central bank of the United States, better known as the Fed—has never been more controversial. Criticism has reached such levels that Congressman Ron Paul, contender for ... More


The Wages of War, 1914–1922

Mary A. O’Sullivan

in Dividends of Development: Securities Markets in the History of U.S. Capitalism, 1866-1922

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780199584444
eISBN:
9780191830266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199584444.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking, International Business

Although structural financial reform for the USA came in the guise of the Federal Reserve Act of 1913, it had not been implemented by the summer of 1914. Thus the outbreak of the First World War ... More


The Fed’s Organization For Policy

Stephen H. Axilrod

in The Federal Reserve: What Everyone Needs to Know

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199934485
eISBN:
9780199345786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199934485.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter provides an overview of the Fed's policy structure. It addresses the following questions: Where does responsibility for monetary policy decisions reside in the Fed? What does the Federal ... More


When the Money Stopped

John Kenneth Galbraith and James K. Galbraith

in Money: Whence It Came, Where It Went

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691171661
eISBN:
9781400889082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691171661.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter examines the impact of the stock market crash of October 1929 on the monetary system of the United States. Very little attention has been given to the factors which converted the ... More


Wildcats, reputations, and the formation of the federal reserve

Simone Polillo

in Conservatives Versus Wildcats: A Sociology of Financial Conflict

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780804785099
eISBN:
9780804785556
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804785099.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

The chapter focuses on political challenges to the decentralized structure of the U.S. polity, and on the response of conservative bankers. Wildcat bankers increasingly contested and disrupted the ... More


The Fall

John Kenneth Galbraith and James K. Galbraith

in Money: Whence It Came, Where It Went

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691171661
eISBN:
9781400889082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691171661.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter examines the end of the international gold standard during World War I. The creation of the Federal Reserve System—with its idea of centralized banking carried out by twelve central ... More


Conclusion

Stephen H. Axilrod

in The Federal Reserve: What Everyone Needs to Know

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199934485
eISBN:
9780199345786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199934485.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter begins with a discussion of the three main challenges faced by the Fed in the future. These are the need somehow to bring regulatory issues more to the fore in considering its monetary ... More


Supervising Large Complex Banking Organizations: Adapting to Change

Laurence H. Meyer

in Prudential Supervision: What Works and What Doesn't

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226531885
eISBN:
9780226531939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226531939.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter presents a speech by Lawrence Meyer, a governor of the Federal Reserve System, which addresses the issue of how the Federal Reserve System is approaching the supervision of what he calls ... More


The Threat of the Impossible

John Kenneth Galbraith and James K. Galbraith

in Money: Whence It Came, Where It Went

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691171661
eISBN:
9781400889082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691171661.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter examines the question of inflation during the tenure of Franklin D. Roosevelt. The election of Roosevelt as president of the United States in 1933 had deepened the fear of inflation. A ... More


Introduction

Stephen H. Axilrod

in The Federal Reserve: What Everyone Needs to Know

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199934485
eISBN:
9780199345786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199934485.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This introductory chapter provides an overview of the Federal Reserve System (the Fed). It addresses the following questions: Why is the Fed so important to the country? When and why was the Fed ... More


The Fed’s Role, Other Domestic Policies, and Conditions Abroad

Stephen H. Axilrod

in The Federal Reserve: What Everyone Needs to Know

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199934485
eISBN:
9780199345786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199934485.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter addresses the following questions: What policies outside the Fed's control most influence its policy effectiveness? How do fiscal and monetary policies best fit together? And how are ... More


Introduction

Dale W. Jorgenson, J. Steven Landefeld, and William D. Nordhaus (eds)

in A New Architecture for the U.S. National Accounts

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226410845
eISBN:
9780226410876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226410876.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

This introductory chapter discusses the coverage of this volume about the proposed new architecture of the U.S. national accounts and the National Income and Product Accounts (NIPAs). The chapters in ... More


Charles Conant and the Fund of Trust

Jeffrey Sklansky

in Sovereign of the Market: The Money Question in Early America

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226480336
eISBN:
9780226480473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226480473.003.0007
Subject:
History, Environmental History

This chapter focuses on the financial journalist Charles Conant, who championed a new American empire of investment in the Caribbean and across the Pacific at the turn of the twentieth century, ... More


A New Architecture for the U.S. National Accounts

Dale W. Jorgenson, J. Landefeld, and William D. Nordhaus (eds)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226410845
eISBN:
9780226410876
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226410876.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

This book brings together a group of contributors to initiate the development of a comprehensive and fully integrated set of United States national accounts. The purpose of the new architecture is ... More


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