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The Attrition of the Liberal Regime in Italy

Charles S. Maier

in Recasting Bourgeois Europe: Stabilization in France, Germany, and Italy in the Decade after World War I

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691169798
eISBN:
9781400873708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691169798.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines the attrition of the liberal regime in Italy. The inability to reestablish a stable centrist majority in Italy brought not only a shift to the right, but also destruction of the ... More


The Thirties and War

Norman Birnbaum

in After Progress: American Social Reform and European Socialism in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195158595
eISBN:
9780199849352
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195158595.003.0004
Subject:
History, Political History

By the mid-1930s, the socialist movement was everywhere on the defensive, visibly incapable of defending the parliamentary democracy to which it was attached. Leon Blum's Popular Front government ... More


Rotha Lintorn-Orman, Ulster and the British Fascists Movement

James Loughlin

in Fascism and Constitutional Conflict: The British Extreme Right and Ulster in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781786941770
eISBN:
9781789623208
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781786941770.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter focuses on the first British fascist organisation to emerge in the early 1920s, founded by Rotha Lintorn-Orman. Prompted by the triumph of communism in Russia and its development more ... More


The British Union of Fascists and Northern Ireland (II): The Ulster Fascists

James Loughlin

in Fascism and Constitutional Conflict: The British Extreme Right and Ulster in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781786941770
eISBN:
9781789623208
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781786941770.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter examines the emergence and activities of the BUF- sponsored Ulster Fascists, a regional formation heavily influenced by the great surge of support for the BUF in Britain when Lord ... More


The Rise and Fall of Fascism

K. D. Ewing and C. A. Gearty

in The Struggle for Civil Liberties: Political Freedom and the Rule of Law in Britain, 1914-1945

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198762515
eISBN:
9780191695193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198762515.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter discusses the rise of the British Union of Fascists (BUF) and the crisis of disorder that the movement's style of political campaigning provoked. The discussion begins by tracing the ... More


The War against the Far-Left Extremists

Alessandro Orsini

in Sacrifice: My Life in a Fascist Militia

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781501709838
eISBN:
9781501709630
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501709838.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter studies the role of the young anti-Fascists in the construction of the parallel world. The young anarchists and the young W La Rivoluzione members play different roles. The W La ... More


The Great Fight

Alessandro Orsini

in Sacrifice: My Life in a Fascist Militia

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781501709838
eISBN:
9781501709630
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501709838.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter looks a battle between Sacrifice militants and extreme leftists taking place in a major Italian city. It turned on its head the official accounts of a huge fight, involving a hundred or ... More


Warnings

Barbara Lounsberry

in Virginia Woolf, the War Without, the War Within: Her Final Diaries and the Diaries She Read

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780813056937
eISBN:
9780813053790
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813056937.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

“By the summer of 1934,” Hermione Lee writes, Hitler's “ambitions and his methods were fully apparent.” In the mid-1930s, Nazis issue regulations to eliminate women doctors and lawyers in Germany. ... More


“why We Fight”

in Between States: The Transylvanian Question and the European Idea during World War II

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804759861
eISBN:
9780804787550
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804759861.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter turns to the Eastern Front, where Hungarian and Romanian soldiers fought together against the Soviets. What did soldiers and statesmen feel they were fighting for there? The answer is an ... More


The Historical Setting: Egyptian Politics in the Later 1930s

in Confronting Fascism in Egypt: Dictatorship versus Democracy in the 1930s

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804763431
eISBN:
9780804772556
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804763431.003.0002
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter situates Egyptian attitudes towards democracy and dictatorship in the later 1930s in two contexts. One is the international arena—the increasingly fraught ideological rivalry and ... More


Anti-Semitism

David Dee

in Sport and British Jewry: Integration, ethnicity and anti-Semitism, 1890–1970

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780719087608
eISBN:
9781781704868
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719087608.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

The third chapter analyses the relationship between sport and British anti-Semitism. It illustrates how physical recreation acted both as an arena for discrimination and racism to develop and an ... More


26–28 April 1945

Ada Gobetti

in Partisan Diary: A Woman's Life in the Italian Resistance

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199380541
eISBN:
9780190254346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199380541.003.0014
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter presents Ada Gobetti's entries in her diary from 26–28 April 1945. She describes events here such as German arrests; the recapture of the Municipio by the Fascists; and the aborted ... More


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