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Epilogue

Saida Hodžić

in The Twilight of Cutting: African Activism and Life after NGOs

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780520291980
eISBN:
9780520965577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520291980.003.0009
Subject:
Anthropology, African Cultural Anthropology

The Epilogue returns to the politics of knowledge about cutting that disavows its endings – not only in Ghana, but across the African continent and in the global North. Having shown that debates ... More


The Twilight of Cutting: African Activism and Life after NGOs

Saida Hodzic

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780520291980
eISBN:
9780520965577
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520291980.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, African Cultural Anthropology

Departing from common treatment of female genital cutting as an African problem to be debated within Western moral and critical publics, this book examines how Ghanaians problematize and materialize ... More


Vexed Tolerance: Cultural Psychology on Multiculturalism

Pinky Hota

in Universalism without Uniformity: Explorations in Mind and Culture

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226501543
eISBN:
9780226501710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226501710.003.0012
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Theory and Practice

This essay sets up a dialogue between political anthropology and cultural psychology to examine how they expose the slippages between public reason and embodied morality within multiculturalism. By ... More


Introduction: Governmentality against Itself

Saida Hodžić

in The Twilight of Cutting: African Activism and Life after NGOs

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780520291980
eISBN:
9780520965577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520291980.003.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, African Cultural Anthropology

Introduction: Governmentality Against Itself lays out the book’s overarching arguments and analytical contributions to anthropology and feminist theory. Rather than debating how “we” as Western ... More


When Cutting Did and Did Not End

Saida Hodžić

in The Twilight of Cutting: African Activism and Life after NGOs

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780520291980
eISBN:
9780520965577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520291980.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, African Cultural Anthropology

Chapter 3, When Cutting Did and Did Not End, examines how it is that the discourse of FGM lives on, despite the demise of cutting. Although cutting is on the wane in Ghana, the discourse of its ... More


Blood Loss and Slow Harm in Times of Scarcity

Saida Hodžić

in The Twilight of Cutting: African Activism and Life after NGOs

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780520291980
eISBN:
9780520965577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520291980.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, African Cultural Anthropology

For women who have stopped cutting, the success of interventions against cutting in northern Ghana is also an index of a troubled economy and consequent bodily vulnerability and precarity. Chapter 5, ... More


The Feminist Fetish: Legal Advocacy

Saida Hodžić

in The Twilight of Cutting: African Activism and Life after NGOs

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780520291980
eISBN:
9780520965577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520291980.003.0007
Subject:
Anthropology, African Cultural Anthropology

In the wake of the Constitution of 1992, Ghana criminalized cutting not once, but twice. In chapters 6 and 7, which should be read in conjunction, I investigate the intimate relationship between ... More


When Norms Collide: Local Responses to Activism against Female Genital Mutilation and Early Marriage

Karisa Cloward

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780190274917
eISBN:
9780190274955
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190274917.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

Many transnational campaigns, and particularly the transnational campaign on violence against women, promote international norms that target the behavior of local nonstate actors, while many of these ... More


Social Norms, Choice, and Work

Christie Hartley

in Equal Citizenship and Public Reason: A Feminist Political Liberalism

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780190683023
eISBN:
9780190683061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190683023.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy, Political Philosophy

In modern liberal democracies, the gendered division of labor is partially the result of men and women making different choices about work and family life, even if such choices stem from social norms ... More


Freedom: The Struggle for Sexual Self-Determination

Alison Brysk

in The Struggle for Freedom from Fear: Contesting Violence against Women at the Frontiers of Globalization

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780190901516
eISBN:
9780190901554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190901516.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Economy

Chapter 5 considers threats to sexual self-determination through case studies of FGM/C in Egypt, trafficking in the Philippines, and child marriage in India.Persisting patterns of denial of ... More


Introduction

Karisa Cloward

in When Norms Collide: Local Responses to Activism against Female Genital Mutilation and Early Marriage

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780190274917
eISBN:
9780190274955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190274917.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

The introduction asks how individuals and communities respond to transnational activism that pits international norms against local norms. It highlights the theoretical significance of research on ... More


A Theory of Local-Level Responses to International Norm Promotion

Karisa Cloward

in When Norms Collide: Local Responses to Activism against Female Genital Mutilation and Early Marriage

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780190274917
eISBN:
9780190274955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190274917.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

This chapter presents the central theoretical framework for understanding local-level norm change in response to a conflict between international and local norms. It disaggregates individual norm ... More


FGM and Early Marriage in Kenya

Karisa Cloward

in When Norms Collide: Local Responses to Activism against Female Genital Mutilation and Early Marriage

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780190274917
eISBN:
9780190274955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190274917.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

This chapter outlines the practice of and campaign against FGM and early marriage in Kenya, among the Maasai and Samburu, and in the three case study communities. It discusses the scope of the two ... More


Creating Local Awareness of International Norms

Karisa Cloward

in When Norms Collide: Local Responses to Activism against Female Genital Mutilation and Early Marriage

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780190274917
eISBN:
9780190274955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190274917.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

Chapters 4 through 7 present empirical support for the theory, drawing on both qualitative interview data and original survey data. Chapter 4 focuses on awareness of international norms. It shows ... More


Fostering Local Attitude Change

Karisa Cloward

in When Norms Collide: Local Responses to Activism against Female Genital Mutilation and Early Marriage

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780190274917
eISBN:
9780190274955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190274917.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

This chapter addresses attitude change in response to transnational activism against FGM and early marriage. It finds that individual attitude change is most likely to occur when the international ... More


Facilitating Local Primary Behavior Change

Karisa Cloward

in When Norms Collide: Local Responses to Activism against Female Genital Mutilation and Early Marriage

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780190274917
eISBN:
9780190274955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190274917.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

This chapter considers the barriers to individual behavior change and the diffusion of behavior change through communities. It shows that because of the relatively low salience of the local norm ... More


Explaining Local Misrepresentation of Normative Commitments

Karisa Cloward

in When Norms Collide: Local Responses to Activism against Female Genital Mutilation and Early Marriage

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780190274917
eISBN:
9780190274955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190274917.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

This chapter focuses on rhetorical and secondary behavioral change. It finds that many individuals take steps to misrepresent or hide their true attitudes and behavior with respect to FGM and early ... More


Conclusion

Karisa Cloward

in When Norms Collide: Local Responses to Activism against Female Genital Mutilation and Early Marriage

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780190274917
eISBN:
9780190274955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190274917.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

This chapter concludes by reviewing the theory and the central findings from the research conducted in the three Kenyan case study communities. It also places the theory in a broader context by ... More


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