Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 27 items

  • Keywords: Explanation x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

The Explanatory Gap and Dualism Reconsidered

Steven Horst

in Beyond Reduction: Philosophy of Mind and Post-Reductionist Philosophy of Science

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195317114
eISBN:
9780199871520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195317114.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter examines the implications of post‐reductionist philosophy of science for dualism and the status of the explanatory gaps. The primary argument for dualism is based on a Negative ... More


Rationalizing the Commandments II: Rationalizing the Commandments II: The Soloveitchikian Method

Daniel Rynhold

in Two Models of Jewish Philosophy: Justifying One's Practices

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199274864
eISBN:
9780191602450
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019927486X.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

The apparently contrasting method of rationalization of Rabbi Joseph B. Soloveitchik is subjected to a detailed critical analysis. Following a summary of Soloveitchik’s general method of descriptive ... More


Induction

Christopher Peacocke

in The Realm of Reason

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199270729
eISBN:
9780191600944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270724.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Argues that the same principles of complexity reduction that he used to explain principles of perceptual entitlement in the preceding chapter can be used to explain the principles of inductive ... More


A Closer Look at the Turtle’s Eyes

Andrea Moro

in Impossible Languages

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262034890
eISBN:
9780262335621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034890.003.0011
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

What can we expect to be our understanding of human languages given what we have understood from exploiting the notion of impossible language? The chapter discusses the limits of our understanding, ... More


Unmasking Explanation and the ‘Unreality’ Of Colour

Barry Stroud

in The Quest for Reality: Subjectivism and the Metaphysics of Colour

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151886
eISBN:
9780199867189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195151887.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Argues against the idea that reality is purely physical and can be totally captured by scientific explanation, thus excluding colour from reality. Counters exclusive physicalism by arguing that ... More


Expansion

Honey Meconi

in Hildegard of Bingen

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780252033155
eISBN:
9780252050725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252033155.003.0005
Subject:
Music, History, Western

The expansion of Hildegard’s world and influence is the subject of this chapter. It describes the numerous preaching tours she undertook and her close relationship with Trier, with special attention ... More


Justified and Unjustified Belief

Larry Shapiro

in The Miracle Myth: Why Belief in the Resurrection and the Supernatural is Unjustified

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780231178402
eISBN:
9780231542142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231178402.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Some beliefs are justified, some not. Some beliefs are true, some not. Even justified beliefs might be false, and even true beliefs might not be justified. These ideas are important for understanding ... More


Miracles

Larry Shapiro

in The Miracle Myth: Why Belief in the Resurrection and the Supernatural is Unjustified

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780231178402
eISBN:
9780231542142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231178402.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Because miracles have supernatural causes, a justified belief that a given event is a miracle requires that one be justified in believing that its cause is supernatural. But the only way to infer ... More


Terrorism, Torture and the Problems of Evil

Phillip Cole

in The Myth of Evil

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748622009
eISBN:
9780748671908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748622009.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter introduces the four secular models of evil that frame discussions about the idea: the monstrous, that evil is perpetrated by monster sin human shape; the pure, that ordinary human beings ... More


Coda: Onward, Upward, Inward, Outward

Bernhard Nickel

in Between Logic and the World: An Integrated Theory of Generics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780199640003
eISBN:
9780191822049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199640003.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

A brief summary of the book and an indication for directions opened up by the theory presented.


Beyond Versus: The Struggle to Understand the Interaction of Nature and Nurture

James Tabery

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027373
eISBN:
9780262324144
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027373.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

If everyone now agrees that human traits arise not from nature or nurture but from the interaction of nature and nurture, then why does the “nature versus nurture” debate persist? In Beyond Versus, ... More


Theory: explaining financial crisis and conceptualising capitalism

Jonathan Hearn

in Salvage Ethnography in the Financial Sector: The Path to Economic Crisis in Scotland

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780719087998
eISBN:
9781526128492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719087998.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

Building on the historical perspective of the previous chapter, this chapter begins by posing the basic questions ‘what is theory for?’. It argues that in the present case it is to situate the events ... More


Return to the Paleocene

Benjamin Hale

in The Wild and the Wicked: On Nature and Human Nature

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035408
eISBN:
9780262336499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035408.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter introduces the reader to philosophical and ethical inquiry by forging a distinction between descriptive and normative claims, as well as explanatory and justificatory arguments. It ... More


Explanation

Lasana T. Harris

in Invisible Mind: Flexible Social Cognition and Dehumanization

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035965
eISBN:
9780262339049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035965.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The fourth chapter argues that explanation may be the function of social cognition, aiding survival and driving human evolution. It explores the psychological literature on anthropomorphism—instances ... More


The Origin(s) of Interaction: Interaction in the Eugenics Controversy

James Tabery

in Beyond Versus: The Struggle to Understand the Interaction of Nature and Nurture

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027373
eISBN:
9780262324144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027373.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The origin of research on the interaction of nature and nurture is really a story of origins. For, in the 1920s and 1930s, two British biologists separately considered how nature and nurture might ... More


Race, Genetics, and IQ: Interactionin the IQ Controversy

James Tabery

in Beyond Versus: The Struggle to Understand the Interaction of Nature and Nurture

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027373
eISBN:
9780262324144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027373.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In 1969, Arthur Jensen drew on heritability measures from behaviour genetics to infamously claim genetic differences between black and white Americans best explained the gap in IQ scores between ... More


Population Thinking about Mechanisms: An Integrative Relationship

James Tabery

in Beyond Versus: The Struggle to Understand the Interaction of Nature and Nurture

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027373
eISBN:
9780262324144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027373.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

What is the relationship between scientists who study the causal mechanisms responsible for the development of traits and scientists who study the causes of variation responsible for differences in ... More


The Interaction of Nature and Nurture:An Integrated Concept

James Tabery

in Beyond Versus: The Struggle to Understand the Interaction of Nature and Nurture

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027373
eISBN:
9780262324144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027373.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Scientists have been debating the interaction of nature and nurture for nearly a century. Over those 100 years, two radically different visions of interaction have emerged—one side understanding it ... More


The Unreasonable Sieve

Andrea Moro

in Impossible Languages

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262034890
eISBN:
9780262335621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034890.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

The regularities expressed by sentences are not guided by meaning as it is clear by jabberwoki or by contradictory statements. These regularities are rather governed by structural restrictions which ... More


Intermezzo or What Exists When a Tree Exists?

Andrea Moro

in Impossible Languages

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262034890
eISBN:
9780262335621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034890.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

It is sometimes assumed that formal representation of language are abstractions and that they contrast with the concreteness of empirical neurobiological measures. It is argued that this is not so ... More


View: