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Being a Professional: Problems and Promises

George Cheney, Daniel J. Lair, Dean Ritz, and Brenden E. Kendall

in Just a Job?: Communication, Ethics, and Professional Life

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195182774
eISBN:
9780199871001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182774.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability

This chapter addresses the domain of the professional, taking seriously the notion that the professional is personal, in addition to being social, political, and ethical. The chapter traces the ... More


Introduction

Isabel Gauthier, Daniel Bub, and Michael J. Tarr

in Perceptual Expertise: Bridging Brain and Behavior

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195309607
eISBN:
9780199865291
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309607.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Vision

This chapter relates the history of an ongoing scientific collaboration among 10 different laboratories over a period of 8 years. The Perceptual Expertise Network (PEN) is a group of scientists who ... More


Practical Applications of Neuroenology to the Pleasure of Wine Tasting

Gordon M. Shepherd

in Neuroenology: How the Brain Creates the Taste of Wine

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780231177009
eISBN:
9780231542876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231177009.003.0021
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter provides a summary of the contents of the book through new studies, including consumers’ preferences in the alcohol content of wines; whether price impacts pleasure; and how experts in ... More


Seeing like a Jail, 1: Evidence and Expertise

Judah Schept

in Progressive Punishment: Job Loss, Jail Growth and the Neoliberal Logic of Carceral Expansion

Published in print:
1942
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781479810710
eISBN:
9781479802821
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479810710.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

Chapters 5 and 6 examine the production of local knowledge about crime and incarceration to better account for the role of that knowledge in shaping the county’s carceral politics. Chapter 5 looks at ... More


Seeing like a Jail, 2: Corrections Consulting

Judah Schept

in Progressive Punishment: Job Loss, Jail Growth and the Neoliberal Logic of Carceral Expansion

Published in print:
1942
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781479810710
eISBN:
9781479802821
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479810710.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

Chapter 6 is devoted entirely to a close examination of the substantial history of national and state corrections consultants in the county, paying particular attention to the two consultants whose ... More


Governing through Expansion

Judah Schept

in Progressive Punishment: Job Loss, Jail Growth and the Neoliberal Logic of Carceral Expansion

Published in print:
1942
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781479810710
eISBN:
9781479802821
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479810710.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

Chapter 7 examines some of the governmental and nongovernmental bodies, processes, and relationships in the county to better understand the political contexts in which the production of carceral ... More


The Experts' War on Poverty: Social Research and the Welfare Agenda in Postwar America

Romain D. Huret

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780801450488
eISBN:
9781501709531
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450488.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This book traces the efforts of a dedicated community of experts to create a policy bureaucracy that reigned until Richard Nixon implemented the Family Assistance Plan in 1969. Although they toiled ... More


Selling the Future: The Perils of Predicting Global Politics

Ariel Colonomos

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780190603649
eISBN:
9780190638474
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190603649.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

In an age of uncertainty, those who can anticipate revolution, the outbreak of wars, or which states might default are much in demand. The marketplace of ideas about the future is huge, and includes ... More


Social Work Science and Understanding

Ian Shaw

in Social Work Science

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780231166409
eISBN:
9780231541602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231166409.003.0007
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

In this chapter I continue the exploration of three central concerns for social work science—evidence, justice, and, here, understanding. The challenges and questions are, if anything, still more ... More


Thinking Medium: The Rhetoric of Popular Cognition

Jesse Matz

in Lasting Impressions: The Legacies of Impressionism in Contemporary Culture

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780231164061
eISBN:
9780231543057
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231164061.003.0009
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

The rhetoric of impressionism in “popular cognition”—popularized versions of cognitive psychology in which the “impression” enables idealization of certain styles of human understanding; in ... More


Three Dimensions of Expertise

Harry Collins

in Expertise, Communication, and Organizing

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198739227
eISBN:
9780191802317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198739227.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation, Organization Studies

Psychologists and philosophers tend to treat expertise as a property of special individuals. This approach is “one-dimensional.” Here, two extra dimensions are added. The first added dimension to the ... More


Literalism and the Distrust of Authority

Peter Zachar

in A Metaphysics of Psychopathology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262027045
eISBN:
9780262322270
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027045.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter begins by examining a unique feature of modernity – the public expression of skepticism about authority paired with the private realization that it is difficult to know what (and who) to ... More


Political parties and think tanks: policy analysis oriented toward office-seeking

Camilo Argibay, Rafaël Cos, and Anne-Cécile Douillet

in Policy Analysis in France

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781447324218
eISBN:
9781447324225
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447324218.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines the role played by political parties and think tanks in the development of policy analysis in France. It shows how party-based policy analysis is interwoven with inter and ... More


The Wisdom of Taste, The Taste of Wisdom

Nicola Perullo

in Taste as Experience: The Philosophy and Aesthetics of Food

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780231173483
eISBN:
9780231541428
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231173483.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This section argues that taste’s attributes, including expertise, regulation, flexibility, and conviviality, lead to wisdom and empathy.


Footholds and Handholds: Scaffolding Cognition and Career

Barbara Horberg Wimsatt

in Developing Scaffolds in Evolution, Culture, and Cognition

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019552
eISBN:
9780262314787
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019552.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Cognition is both developmentally and socially scaffolded. I focus on the social aspects of cognition, whose development occurs through a dynamic coordination and integration by individuals of social ... More


Expertise and Inequality

Sean T. Mitchell

in Constellations of Inequality: Space, Race, and Utopia in Brazil

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226499123
eISBN:
9780226499437
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226499437.003.0005
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

Through an ethnographic analysis of a meeting in 2005, chapter 4 demonstrates how expertise and knowledge function in contemporary Brazilian politics. The chapter focuses on a meeting between ... More


Other Replies to Xphi: The Expertise and Multiple Concepts Replies

Max Deutsch

in The Myth of the Intuitive: Experimental Philosophy and Philosophical Method

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028950
eISBN:
9780262327374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028950.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter evaluates other replies to the negative xphi critique arguing that these replies suffer from conceding to the critique that intuitions in the “state” sense are treated as evidence for ... More


Sages and Cranks: The Difficulty of Identifying First-Rate Philosophers

Katrina Hutchison

in Women in Philosophy: What Needs to Change?

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199325603
eISBN:
9780199369317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199325603.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Why are women underrepresented in philosophy? Meditating on Quine’s comment that the “separation of philosophers into sages and cranks seems to be more sensitive to frames of reference [than in other ... More


From Theoretical to Applied Environmental Aesthetics: Academic Aesthetics Meets Real-World Demands

Yrjö Sepänmaa

in Environmental Aesthetics: Crossing Divides and Breaking Ground

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780823254491
eISBN:
9780823261185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823254491.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Yrjö Sepänmaa discusses the relationship between the theory and practice of environmental aesthetics. He suggests that the future lies in moving outside the academy through a new kind of professional ... More


Resignifying airports and aviation

Steven Griggs and David Howarth

in The politics of airport expansion in the United Kingdom: Hegemony, policy and the rhetoric of 'sustainable aviation'

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780719076138
eISBN:
9781781706053
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719076138.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

This chapter explores the discursive processes and practices that enabled the reframing of aviation in the first decade of the new century. It analyses how the repeated public interventions of ... More


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