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Electric Fishes and the Path to Animal Electricity

C. U. M. Smith, Eugenio Frixione, Stanley Finger, and William Clower

in The Animal Spirit Doctrine and the Origins of Neurophysiology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199766499
eISBN:
9780199950263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766499.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter analyzes the evidence that was gathered during the last fifty years of the 18th century about the electric charges of certain fishes. It first studies what people thought about these ... More


Discrowning the Writer: Konstantin Vaginov

David Shepherd

in Beyond Metafiction: Self-Consciousness in Soviet Literature

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198156666
eISBN:
9780191673221
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198156666.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, European Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter examines the metafictions of Soviet writer Konstantin Vaginov. The position of Vaginov in relation to the dominant literary trends in the 1920s is as marginal as Leonid Leonov's or ... More


DIS experiments and data

Robin Devenish and Amanda Cooper-Sarkar

in Deep Inelastic Scattering

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198506713
eISBN:
9780191709562
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198506713.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter begins by covering: kinematics for fixed target and HERA collider experiments; essential features of DIS experiments and detectors; and how DIS events are selected and the raw data ... More


Restorative Justice Experiences Involving Child Victims

Tali Gal

in Child Victims and Restorative Justice: A Needs-Rights Model

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199744718
eISBN:
9780199897476
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744718.003.0005
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

This chapter begins by exploring the potential benefits of restorative justice for child victims. It then reviews five restorative justice programs in New Zealand, Australia, and Canada. All these ... More


What Happens When We Feed?: Insights from Supplementary Feeding Studies

Darryl Jones

in The Birds at My Table: Why We Feed Wild Birds and Why It Matters

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781501710780
eISBN:
9781501710797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501710780.003.0005
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

The importance and influence of food in the lives of animals has been studied is great detail in a vast number of species. This chapter outlines the many findings of this critical research that are ... More


What Works in Reducing Re-Offending?

Aurélie Ouss

in Lessons from the Economics of Crime: What Reduces Offending?

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019613
eISBN:
9780262314633
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019613.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This paper reviews both theoretical and empirical studies on reoffending, and suggests productive directions for future research. Understanding the behavior of repeat o?enders is of paramount ... More


Prices, Efficiency, and Macroeconomics

Kartik B. Athreya

in Big Ideas in Macroeconomics: A Nontechnical View

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019736
eISBN:
9780262314404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019736.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter describes two of the three most influential findings macroeconomics has available to it. One is known as the First Fundamental Theorem of Welfare Economics, or the “invisible-hand” ... More


From Brainwaves to Outer Space: John Cage and Karl Jansky

Douglas Kahn

in Earth Sound Earth Signal: Energies and Earth Magnitude in the Arts

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780520257801
eISBN:
9780520956834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257801.003.0010
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition

The natural electromagnetic sound compositions Music for Solo Performer and Whistlers gained Alvin Lucier a reputation in experimental music for working “from brainwaves to outer space,” including in ... More


Semiotic Things

Henning Schmidgen

in The Helmholtz Curves: Tracing Lost Time

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780823261949
eISBN:
9780823266463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823261949.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Drawing on Bruno Latour’s notion of “circulating reference,” this chapter shows how the curves that Helmholtz recorded in the context of his time experiments were meant to be integrated into his ... More


A Research Machine

Henning Schmidgen

in The Helmholtz Curves: Tracing Lost Time

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780823261949
eISBN:
9780823266463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823261949.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter reconstructs the electromagnetic timing device Helmholtz had used in the first series of this experiments. Combining a mirror galvanometer, a telescope and a frame for nerve-muscle ... More


Discrepancy to Variability

Steven J. Osterlind

in The Error of Truth: How History and Mathematics Came Together to Form Our Character and Shape Our Worldview

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780198831600
eISBN:
9780191869532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198831600.003.0014
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This chapter describes quantification during the late nineteenth century. Then, most ordinary people were gaining an overt awareness, and probability notions were seeping into everyday conversation ... More


Ethical Judgment

in Contested Medicine: Cancer Research and the Military

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226465319
eISBN:
9780226465333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226465333.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter follows in detail Advisory Committee on Human Radiation Experiments (ACHRE)'s deliberations in the Eugene Saenger case. President Bill Clinton created the ACHRE to assess the history of ... More


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