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The Treasury and Whitehall: The Planning and Control of Public Expenditure, 1976–1993

Colin Thain and Maurice Wright

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198277842
eISBN:
9780191684203
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198277842.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics, Political Economy

The Treasury is at the heart of British Government, responsible for deciding how much to spend and on what. Both the institution and the public expenditure process are the focus of this book. Based ... More


In-Year Control

Colin Thain and Maurice Wright

in The Treasury and Whitehall: The Planning and Control of Public Expenditure, 1976–1993

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198277842
eISBN:
9780191684203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198277842.003.0015
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics, Political Economy

Within each Treasury Expenditure Group, the flow and context of the business of an Expenditure Division is to a large extent structured and determined by the annual cycle of the preparation of the ... More


Departmental ‘Winners’ and ‘Losers’

Colin Thain and Maurice Wright

in The Treasury and Whitehall: The Planning and Control of Public Expenditure, 1976–1993

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198277842
eISBN:
9780191684203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198277842.003.0021
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics, Political Economy

The most significant output of the Public Expenditure Survey (PES) system is the aggregate total of public expenditure planned for the coming financial year. This is measured in terms of the ... More


Introduction

Colin Thain and Maurice Wright

in The Treasury and Whitehall: The Planning and Control of Public Expenditure, 1976–1993

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198277842
eISBN:
9780191684203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198277842.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics, Political Economy

The demands for health, education, income support and even defence consumes more costs for public spending even as the government is not able or willing to raise more tax thereby resulting in finance ... More


The Origins and Development of the System of Planning and Control

Colin Thain and Maurice Wright

in The Treasury and Whitehall: The Planning and Control of Public Expenditure, 1976–1993

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198277842
eISBN:
9780191684203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198277842.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics, Political Economy

The Public Expenditure Survey Committee (PESC) system originated in the 1950s and its development is traced in this chapter emphasising the system's context in the planning and controlling of public ... More


The Structure and Organization of the Treasury

Colin Thain and Maurice Wright

in The Treasury and Whitehall: The Planning and Control of Public Expenditure, 1976–1993

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198277842
eISBN:
9780191684203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198277842.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics, Political Economy

It was only since 1947 that the British Treasury has been formally responsible for economic policy coordination as its main functions were on raising of revenue through its subordinate departments of ... More


Making and Co-ordinating Expenditure Policy

Colin Thain and Maurice Wright

in The Treasury and Whitehall: The Planning and Control of Public Expenditure, 1976–1993

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198277842
eISBN:
9780191684203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198277842.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics, Political Economy

The roles and responsibilities of the Chief Secretary and his most senior adviser are discussed in this chapter including those of the Deputy Secretaries and their Under Secretaries at the head of ... More


The Whitehall Expenditure Policy Network

Colin Thain and Maurice Wright

in The Treasury and Whitehall: The Planning and Control of Public Expenditure, 1976–1993

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198277842
eISBN:
9780191684203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198277842.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics, Political Economy

The Treasury and the spending departments have a dynamic relationship and this is explored in this chapter as it looks into the concepts of policy community and policy network that can be used to ... More


Managing the Relationships: Negotiated Discretion

Colin Thain and Maurice Wright

in The Treasury and Whitehall: The Planning and Control of Public Expenditure, 1976–1993

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198277842
eISBN:
9780191684203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198277842.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics, Political Economy

Relationships between the Treasury's Expenditure Divisions and the Financial and Policy Divisions of spending departments cannot be characterized as either inquisitorial or cooperative or ... More


Determining the Priorities of Public Spending

Colin Thain and Maurice Wright

in The Treasury and Whitehall: The Planning and Control of Public Expenditure, 1976–1993

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198277842
eISBN:
9780191684203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198277842.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics, Political Economy

From 1976 until the introduction of the New Control Total in 1992, the priorities of total public expenditure were determined by various officials and departments. It is argued in this chapter that ... More


The Public Expenditure Survey

Colin Thain and Maurice Wright

in The Treasury and Whitehall: The Planning and Control of Public Expenditure, 1976–1993

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198277842
eISBN:
9780191684203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198277842.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics, Political Economy

The processes of planning and controlling public expenditure have evolved by the late 1980s and 1990s up to the decision to introduce the Unified Budget and the New Control Total in 1992. This ... More


Collective Responsibility: The Cabinet, ‘Star Chamber’, and EDX

Colin Thain and Maurice Wright

in The Treasury and Whitehall: The Planning and Control of Public Expenditure, 1976–1993

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198277842
eISBN:
9780191684203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198277842.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics, Political Economy

There was very little priority for the total or composition of public expenditure prior to 1992 as the July Cabinet was mainly concerned with the balance of macroeconomic policy, and this act of ... More


The Reserve

Colin Thain and Maurice Wright

in The Treasury and Whitehall: The Planning and Control of Public Expenditure, 1976–1993

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198277842
eISBN:
9780191684203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198277842.003.0016
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics, Political Economy

The Reserve has been used by the Treasury since 1976 as a sum of unallocated money provided for the financial year of the Public Expenditure Survey for the purpose of increasing public expenditure ... More


The Operation and Effects of Cash Limits

Colin Thain and Maurice Wright

in The Treasury and Whitehall: The Planning and Control of Public Expenditure, 1976–1993

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198277842
eISBN:
9780191684203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198277842.003.0017
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics, Political Economy

In 1976, cash limits were applied to about sixty percent of total public expenditure and it was introduced as an administrative device to control the annual amount of government programme ... More


Objectives and Achievements

Colin Thain and Maurice Wright

in The Treasury and Whitehall: The Planning and Control of Public Expenditure, 1976–1993

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198277842
eISBN:
9780191684203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198277842.003.0020
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics, Political Economy

How well or badly have Conservative Governments been served by the Public Expenditure Survey (PES) system since 1979? To answer that question, it is necessary to ask what those governments required ... More


The Effects and Effectiveness of the PES System

Colin Thain and Maurice Wright

in The Treasury and Whitehall: The Planning and Control of Public Expenditure, 1976–1993

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198277842
eISBN:
9780191684203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198277842.003.0022
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics, Political Economy

The effectiveness of the Public Expenditure Survey (PES) system for planning and controlling public expenditure can be assessed in a number of different ways according to the criteria used. Success ... More


The Reform of the Select Committee System; An Attempt to Redress the Balance

DIANA WOODHOUSE

in Ministers and Parliament: Accountability in Theory and Practice

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198278924
eISBN:
9780191684265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198278924.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

In 1979, the system of the select committees based on the Expenditure Committee and descended from the former Estimates Committee was reformed to provide a series of specialist committees to examine ... More


Introduction

Nayan B. Ruparelia

in Cloud Computing

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262529099
eISBN:
9780262334129
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262529099.003.0001
Subject:
Computer Science, Programming

What is the optimum investment required to provide computational resources? Since demand for computing varies, businesses face a dilemma: if they under-invest, then business suffers; if they ... More


Income Inequality After Apartheid

Jeremy Seekings and Nicoli Nattrass

in Class, Race, and Inequality in South Africa

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300108927
eISBN:
9780300128758
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300108927.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter examines patterns of inequality in South Africa following the end of the apartheid era. It analyzes the overall levels of inequality after apartheid using census data from the 1995 and ... More


The Financial Resources of Government: Allocation and Appropriation

Terence Daintith and Alan Page

in The Executive in the Constitution: Structure, Autonomy, and Internal Control

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198268703
eISBN:
9780191683558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198268703.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter considers how the institutions described in the previous chapter function together as a system of financial control. It also examines the process of planning and allocating public ... More


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