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Human Rights

Allen Buchanan

in Justice, Legitimacy, and Self-Determination: Moral Foundations for International Law

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780198295358
eISBN:
9780191600982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295359.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The purpose of this chapter is to articulate an understanding of basic human rights that is sufficiently clear and cogent to serve as the core of a justice‐based moral theory of international law. To ... More


Metaphysics I: Theology

Jon McGinnis

in Avicenna

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195331479
eISBN:
9780199868032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331479.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Islam

The chapter begins with a brief discussion of what Avicenna considers to be the proper subject matter of metaphysics, namely, existents qua existents, followed by a brief outline of his Metaphysics. ... More


The descriptive complexity of strings

André Nies

in Computability and Randomness

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199230761
eISBN:
9780191710988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230761.003.0002
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This chapter develops the theory of plain Kolmogorov complexity, and then of prefix-free Kolmogorov complexity. A main technical tool for later chapters is the Machine Existence (or Kraft–Chaitin) ... More


Existence and Uniqueness Theorems

Józef Ignaczak and Martin Ostoja‐Starzewski

in Thermoelasticity with Finite Wave Speeds

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199541645
eISBN:
9780191716164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541645.003.0003
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics, Mathematical Physics

First, uniqueness theorems for conventional and non‐conventional thermoelastic processes — in the Lord‐Shulman as well as Green‐Lindsay theories — are given. Next, existence theorem for a ... More


Competing Principles of Paradigm Uniformity: Evidence from the Hebrew Imperative Paradigm

Outi Bat-El

in Paradigms in Phonological Theory

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199267712
eISBN:
9780191708213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267712.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

Paradigms can be non-uniform in different ways. This chapter shows the differences within languages and across two stages of a language. The difference between Colloquial and Tiberian Hebrew is in ... More


Historical epistemology and the making of modern Chinese medicine

Howard Chiang (ed.)

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780719096006
eISBN:
9781781708460
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719096006.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This collection expands the history of Chinese medicine by bridging the philosophical concerns of epistemology and the history and cultural politics of transregional medical formations. Topics range ... More


Minding the Senses: Jude the Obscure and Under Western Eyes

Hugh Epstein

in Hardy, Conrad and the Senses

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781474449861
eISBN:
9781474477086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474449861.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This final chapter discusses why reading Jude the Obscure and Under Western Eyes is a different experience from that provided by the earlier novels, but why they are essential novels with which to ... More


What a Body Can Do: Martial Arts Ethics

Barry Allen

in Striking Beauty: A Philosophical Look at the Asian Martial Arts

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780231172721
eISBN:
9780231539340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231172721.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

Violence is a complex subject with many controversies. The chapter describes several of these complexities, including violence and power, war, law, gender, and its representation in cinema. Through ... More


Oxford Studies in Metaphysics Volume 12

Karen Bennett and Dean W. Zimmerman (eds)

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780192893314
eISBN:
9780191914584
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192893314.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Much of the most interesting work in philosophy today is metaphysical in character. Oxford Studies in Metaphysics is a forum for the best new work in this flourishing field. OSM offers a broad view ... More


Conclusion

Nina Gren

in Occupied Lives: Maintaining Integrity in a Palestinian Refugee Camp in the West Bank

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9789774166952
eISBN:
9781617976568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774166952.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

The last chapter of the book summarizes the text, reviews the links between resilience and resistance, and draws some conclusions about the existential and political dilemmas of life in Dheisheh. How ... More


Maps between Riemann surfaces

Simon Donaldson

in Riemann Surfaces

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780198526391
eISBN:
9780191774874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526391.003.0004
Subject:
Mathematics, Geometry / Topology, Analysis

This chapter first presents two simple lemmas from complex analysis which serve as the foundation for the chapter. It then examines monodromy and the Riemann Existence Theorem covering the monodromy ... More


The Precariousness of Existence

Gareth Dale

in Karl Polanyi: A Life on the Left

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780231176088
eISBN:
9780231541480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231176088.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

In which Polanyi contracts a terminal illness but continues to live an active life, finding inspiration in the Hungarian revolution of 1956, engaging in political conflict with Michael Polanyi, ... More


Bruno Latour: Translating the Human

Christopher Watkin

in French Philosophy Today: New Figures of the Human in Badiou, Meillassoux, Malabou, Serres and Latour

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781474414739
eISBN:
9781474422338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474414739.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Chapter 6 considers the figure of the human that emerges in Bruno Latour’s An Inquiry into Modes of Existence and his ‘Facing Gaia’ lectures. Latour neither repeats nor discards previous notions of ... More


Actualising Creativity

Didier Debaise

in Speculative Empiricism: Revisiting Whitehead

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781474423045
eISBN:
9781474438612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474423045.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The description of the general components of creativity led to the following key proposition of Process and Reality: creativity exists only through its actualisations. But what does it mean to exist ... More


The Mode of Existence of Societies

Didier Debaise

in Speculative Empiricism: Revisiting Whitehead

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781474423045
eISBN:
9781474438612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474423045.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The principal difference between ‘actual entities’ and ‘societies’ is that, while the former can only become, the latter persist, reach a stability of being. The former are ‘blocks of becoming’ or ... More


The construction of rights

Keith Dowding and Martin van Hees

in Power, Luck and Freedom: Collected essays

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781526107282
eISBN:
9781526120892
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526107282.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines the sense in which rights can be said to exist. It explores various approaches to the definition and analysis of rights, focusing in particular on the compossibility of rights. ... More


The Relevance of Lotze

Frederick C. Beiser

in Late German Idealism: Trendelenburg and Lotze

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682959
eISBN:
9780191763090
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682959.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Chapter 1 of Part II attempts to give a general picture of Lotze’s influence and his place in the history of philosophy. It discusses Lotze’s influential role in formulating the distinctions between ... More


Nietzsche and the Transformation of Death

Eduardo Nasser

in Nietzsche and the Becoming of Life

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780823262861
eISBN:
9780823266524
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823262861.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The chapter investigates the meaning of the “reinterpretation” of death proposed by Nietzsche in light of his rejection of the concept of matter and his adoption of a theory of power relations. The ... More


It Depends: Contingent Existence

Kriti Sharma

in Interdependence: Biology and Beyond

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780823265527
eISBN:
9780823266913
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823265527.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter opens with a question arising from sensory biology: How might we conceive of a “real world” or “common environment” shared by organisms with vastly different perceptual systems? Two ways ... More


Description of Finalist Activity

Raymond Ruyer and Alyosha Edlebi

in Neofinalism

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780816692040
eISBN:
9781452953700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816692040.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter defines several notions that can serve as content for the axiological cogito and critiques their misunderstanding in philosophy. Ruyer defines (1) liberty as the capacity of giving sense ... More


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