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Mercenaries: The History of a Norm in International Relations

Sarah Percy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199214334
eISBN:
9780191706608
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214334.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The main aim of this book is to argue that the use of private force by states has been restricted by a norm against mercenary use. It traces the evolution of this norm, from mercenaries in medieval ... More


Dyarchic Presidentialization Dyarchic Presidentialization in a Presidentialized Polity: in a Presidentialized Polity: The French Fifth Republic

Ben Clift

in The Presidentialization of Politics: A Comparative Study of Modern Democracies

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199252015
eISBN:
9780191602375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252017.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Begins by charting the emergence and evolution of the Fifth Republic, identifying the key structural and contingent causes of presidentialization within the French political system. The ambiguity ... More


An emergent European Executive Order: less than a European ‘mega‐administration’

Jarle Trondal

in An Emergent European Executive Order

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199579426
eISBN:
9780191722714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579426.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

Chapter 13 summarizes the empirical observations presented throughout this book and assesses the compound nature of an emergent European Executive Order. Secondly, this concluding chapter assesses ... More


Targeted Sanctions, Counterterrorism, and Strategic Peacebuilding

George A. Lopez and David Cortright

in Strategies of Peace

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195395914
eISBN:
9780199776801
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395914.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The development and reform of smart sanctions makes them a critical element of strategic peacebuilding, specifically in their ability to restrict war and to counter terrorism. Lopez and Cortright ... More


The Lightning Flash on the Road to Baghdad: Issues of Evidence

Peter Hennessy

in Hutton and Butler: Lifting the Lid on the Workings of Power

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263297
eISBN:
9780191734519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263297.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

This chapter examines the positive legislative and governmental impacts of the Hutton and Butler Reports. It describes how Lord Hutton worked by assessing the evidence in terms of charges made and ... More


American Railroad Labor and the Genesis of the New Deal, 1919–1935

Jon R. Huibregtse

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813034652
eISBN:
9780813038544
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813034652.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

American historians tend to believe that labor activism was moribund in the years between the First World War and the New Deal. The book challenges this perspective in this examination of the ... More


Foreign Affairs in English Courts

F. A. Mann

Published in print:
1986
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198255642
eISBN:
9780191681615
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198255642.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This book describes and analyses the attitudes and techniques which English judges adopt or ought to adopt when confronted with problems arising from the conduct of foreign policy by the Executive. ... More


Introduction: Talk in Time of Crisis

David R. Gibson

in Talk at the Brink: Deliberation and Decision during the Cuban Missile Crisis

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151311
eISBN:
9781400842438
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151311.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter begins with a brief sketch of the events that unfolded during the Cuban missile crisis. It describes the Executive Committee of the National Security Council, or the ExComm, consisting ... More


The ExComm

David R. Gibson

in Talk at the Brink: Deliberation and Decision during the Cuban Missile Crisis

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151311
eISBN:
9781400842438
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151311.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter begins with some historical background, situating the ExComm, as a deliberative body, against the backdrop of the Bay of Pigs, where genuine deliberation was lacking. Then, it describes ... More


The Response

David R. Gibson

in Talk at the Brink: Deliberation and Decision during the Cuban Missile Crisis

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151311
eISBN:
9781400842438
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151311.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter focuses on discussions about the initial U.S. response to the discovery of Soviet missiles. It argues that the choice of the blockade was only possible once a particular objection to ... More


The Blockade

David R. Gibson

in Talk at the Brink: Deliberation and Decision during the Cuban Missile Crisis

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151311
eISBN:
9781400842438
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151311.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines talk about how to enforce the blockade, in terms of which ships to stop and which to allow through. Because the blockade was, from the start, ill suited for the purpose of ... More


Conclusion

David R. Gibson

in Talk at the Brink: Deliberation and Decision during the Cuban Missile Crisis

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151311
eISBN:
9781400842438
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151311.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Reflecting on the decision-making process after the Cuban missile crisis was over, President Kennedy famously observed that “the essence of ultimate decision remains impenetrable to the ... More


Law and Policy in the United States

Cinnamon Piñon Carlarne

in Climate Change Law and Policy: EU and US Perspectives

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199553419
eISBN:
9780191594984
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553419.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Private International Law

This chapter provides an overview of how the US political system functions, focusing on the role of federalism in shaping policy-making. It reviews the history of environmental policymaking in the US ... More


The Long Afterlife of Nikkei Wartime Incarceration

Karen M. Inouye

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780804795746
eISBN:
9781503600560
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804795746.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This book maps the terrain of memory in the wake of large-scale injustice, using five case studies of how the unjust wartime imprisonment of Nikkei in North America has reverberated in both Canada ... More


Propaganda and Intelligence

Asa Briggs

in The War of Words: The History of Broadcasting in the United Kingdom: Volume III

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192129567
eISBN:
9780191670022
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192129567.003.0017
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Cultural History

This chapter focuses on the reorganization of British propaganda and military intelligence in 1942 following the creation and growth of the Political Warfare Executive (PWE). It discusses the impact ... More


Responsibility for the Environmental Integrity of the CDM: Judicial Review of Executive Board Decisions

Voigi Christina

in Legal Aspects of Carbon Trading: Kyoto, Copenhagen, and beyond

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199565931
eISBN:
9780191722028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565931.003.0013
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Private International Law

This chapter discusses the responsibility of the Executive Board (EB), a UN body set up under the Kyoto Protocol (KP) to govern the environmental integrity of the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM). ... More


Problematising Counter-Terrorism Review

Jessie Blackbourn, Fiona de Londras, and Lydia Morgan

in Accountability and Review in the Counter-Terrorist State

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781529206234
eISBN:
9781529206289
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781529206234.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

Although counter-terrorism review often works well in the United Kingdom, challenges to realising the accountability potential of counter-terrorism review persist. In large part, those challenges ... More


Kids and branding

Barrie Gunter

in Kids and Branding In A Digital World

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780719097874
eISBN:
9781526104359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719097874.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter examines the involvement of children with brands in more depth. It tracks the extent and nature of young consumers’ engagement with brands in the mass media era and introduces theories ... More


The Treasury and FMI

Colin Thain and Maurice Wright

in The Treasury and Whitehall: The Planning and Control of Public Expenditure, 1976–1993

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198277842
eISBN:
9780191684203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198277842.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics, Political Economy

During the 1980s and 1990s, the planning and control of expenditure was conducted within the context of major changes in the Civil Service structure and organisation. A programme to reduce the size ... More


The Legacy of the Obama Era: A New Electoral Majority?

Robert L. Allen

in The Obama Phenomenon: Toward a Multiracial Democracy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252036453
eISBN:
9780252093487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252036453.003.0019
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter argues that African Americans, despite being critical to Obama's election, will not get specific attention to issues of discrimination and equity unless they unite in a social movement ... More


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