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De Gaulle's Challenge to America's Hegemony, 1962–1969

Geir Lundestad

in The United States and Western Europe Since 1945: From "Empire" by Invitation to Transatlantic Drift

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199266685
eISBN:
9780191601057
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199266689.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The whole of this chapter is devoted to various aspects of de Gaulle's (and France's) challenge to US hegemony in the years 1962–1969. The account starts in 1962, rather than in 1958 when the general ... More


Education and Training in Europe

Giorgio Brunello, Pietro Garibaldi, and Etienne Wasmer (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199210978
eISBN:
9780191705786
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199210978.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

While Europe is certainly one of the richest and most educated areas of the world, some of the challenges faced by the old continent are staggering: low economic growth, structural difficulties in ... More


The North Atlantic Triangle: Economic Reconstruction and Collapse, 1923–1933

Volker R. Berghahn

in American Big Business in Britain and Germany: A Comparative History of Two "Special Relationships" in the 20th Century

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161099
eISBN:
9781400850297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161099.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter deals with the period between the 1923 economic crisis and an even more severe economic breakdown in 1929. This period saw an engagement of the United States in Europe that had not been ... More


From the Outbreak of War in July 1914 to the Genoa Conference, 1922

Volker R. Berghahn

in American Big Business in Britain and Germany: A Comparative History of Two "Special Relationships" in the 20th Century

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161099
eISBN:
9781400850297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161099.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines the state of American and European economies during the outbreak of World War I until the Genoa Conference was convened in 1922. It first considers the military–political ... More


Constraints and Dynamics

Malanima Paolo, Astrid Kander, and Paul Warde

in Power to the People: Energy in Europe over the Last Five Centuries

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691143620
eISBN:
9781400848881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691143620.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter examines the dynamics of the early modern European economy in order to highlight both the possibilities for development and the constraints of the old European world. It first considers ... More


Changing the Rules of the Game to Build the European Economy

Jason Beckfield

in Unequal Europe: Regional Integration and the Rise of European Inequality

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190494254
eISBN:
9780190494292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190494254.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility, Economic Sociology

This chapter describes the development of the European political economy since the 1957 Rome treaty. It uses econometric and historical case evidence to build the argument that European integration ... More


Guilds and Growth

Sheilagh Ogilvie

in The European Guilds

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691137544
eISBN:
9780691185101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137544.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter discusses different measures of guild strength, in terms of guild numbers, producer—merchant relations, guilds' internal cohesiveness, their relationship with the state, characteristics ... More


Transition Approaches, Institutions, and Income Inequality

Giovanni Andrea Cornia and Vladimir Popov (eds)

in Transition and Institutions: The Experience of Gradual and Late Reformers

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199242184
eISBN:
9780191697043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199242184.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines the trends in income distribution observed since 1989 in the European economies in transition and in China, as well as the factors responsible for the systemic difference in ... More


The Adaptation of Centralized European Controls of Raw Materials, Industry, And transport (October 30,1903)

Franz Neumann and Paul Sweezy

in Secret Reports on Nazi Germany: The Frankfurt School Contribution to the War Effort

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134130
eISBN:
9781400846467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134130.003.0023
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter focuses on Germany's adaptation of centralized controls of European raw materials, industry, and transport. German economic controls aim to utilize all resources of occupied Europe, ... More


The discursive construction of neoliberalism: the EU and the contested substance of European economic space

Ben Rosamond

in European regionalism and the left

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780719085734
eISBN:
9781781704615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719085734.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter takes issue with the claim that European economic integration necessarily induces neoliberal outcomes. Using an approach that treats economic spaces as socio-discursive constructions, it ... More


Quality Regulation

Sheilagh Ogilvie

in The European Guilds

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691137544
eISBN:
9780691185101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137544.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter examines one major market failure that guilds might have helped solve: the potential for information asymmetries between producers and consumers about the quality of goods and services. ... More


The European Corporation: Strategy, Structure, and Social Science

Richard Whittington and Michael Mayer

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199251049
eISBN:
9780191714382
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199251049.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

This book traces the evolution of the large industrial corporation in France, Germany, and the United Kingdom from the 1950s to the 1990s. It combines long-run trends with illustrative case studies ... More


A Geography Of Invention, 1500–1600

Jonathan Scott

in How the Old World Ended: The Anglo-Dutch-American Revolution 1500-1800

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780300243598
eISBN:
9780300249361
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300243598.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter describes the European political geography of invention, upon which the Anglo-Dutch-American process would draw. Much of the technology underpinning the rise of early modern Europe, ... More


The political economy of European integration and the challenge of the 2004 and 2007 EU enlargements

Paul Copeland

in EU enlargement, the clash of capitalisms and the European social dimension

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780719088254
eISBN:
9781781707470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719088254.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

The purpose of this chapter is to analyse the political economy of European integration and to examine the EU’s competence within employment and social policy. It argues that the EU’s involvement in ... More


1649: Revolutionary Turnpike

Jonathan Scott

in How the Old World Ended: The Anglo-Dutch-American Revolution 1500-1800

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780300243598
eISBN:
9780300249361
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300243598.003.0018
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This concluding chapter discusses how the Anglo-Dutch revolution of 1649–1702 stood at the centre of a succession of wider transformations which were agricultural, political, and commercial. All of ... More


Reevaluating Swedish Membership in the European Monetary Union: Evidence from an Estimated Model

Ulf Söderström

in Europe and the Euro

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226012834
eISBN:
9780226012858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226012858.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

In Sweden, the exchange rate to a large extent has acted to destabilize rather than to stabilize the economy, pointing to the potential risks of an independent monetary policy. This chapter details ... More


Europe: Falling Behind

William W. Lewis

in The Power of Productivity: Wealth, Poverty, and the Threat to Global Stability

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226476766
eISBN:
9780226477008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226477008.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter presents an analysis of the European economy. Europe is a very important piece of the global economic landscape. Taken together, the countries of the European Union have an economy ... More


Those Emblems of Hell?: European Sailors and the Maritime Labour Market, 1570-1870

Paul C. van Royen (ed.)

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780968128831
eISBN:
9781786944818
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780968128831.001.0001
Subject:
History, Maritime History

This volume collects a series of reports from maritime historians across Europe, aiming to provide a coherent historical trajectory of the lives of European sailors and their dealings with the ... More


Conclusion: the European social dimension and the clash of capitalisms in a post-2004 EU

Paul Copeland

in EU enlargement, the clash of capitalisms and the European social dimension

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780719088254
eISBN:
9781781707470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719088254.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

In the conclusion it is argued that the 2004 and 2007 enlargements have had a profound impact on the clash of capitalisms surrounding the ESD. With few exceptions the CEE states joined the liberal ... More


Before the Fall

Martin Sandbu

in Europe's Orphan: The Future of the Euro and the Politics of Debt

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691175942
eISBN:
9781400885510
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691175942.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy

This chapter discusses the role of Europe's monetary union in creating a crisis that first erupted in US mortgages. Because of their monetary union, European economies racked up greater risks in the ... More


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