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The Spirit of the Times, 1774–1829

Keith Hitchins

in The Romanians, 1774–1866

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205913
eISBN:
9780191676857
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205913.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses the intellectual and spiritual ferment that occurred in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. The Phanariot regime, which was one form of the Ottoman domination during the ... More


Use of Black Bears in the Western Great Lakes Region and the Riddle of the Perforated Bear Mandibles

Terrance J. Martin

in Bears: Archaeological and Ethnohistorical Perspectives in Native Eastern North America

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781683401384
eISBN:
9781683401742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9781683401384.003.0006
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

Zooarchaeological studies in the western Great Lakes region have noted increases in black bear (Ursus americanus) remains at Native sites after European contact. Researchers have attributed this to a ... More


Sitting Ducks: Extinction, Humans, and Birds in the pre-European Contact Era

Daniel Lewis

in Belonging on an Island: Birds, Extinction, and Evolution in Hawai'i

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780300229646
eISBN:
9780300235463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300229646.003.0002
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

This chapter concerns a bird known only from the fossil record—Ptaiochen pau, or the Stumbling Moa-nalo. Rapidly eradicated by early Polynesians, this flightless duck is an exemplar of environmental ... More


Apocalypse Now and Then?

Charles R. Cobb

in The Archaeology of Southeastern Native American Landscapes of the Colonial Era

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780813066196
eISBN:
9780813065151
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813066196.003.0007
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

The concluding chapter critically evaluates a received wisdom in the literature that pre-European contact polities collapsed from the impacts of colonialism. An argument is made for a more nuanced ... More


European Contact: The Transition to Extinction

Robert S. Carr

in Digging Miami

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780813042060
eISBN:
9780813043463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813042060.003.0009
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This chapter examines the impacts of European contact in the sixteenth century. From the arrival of Ponce de Leon in 1513 to the visit by Pedro Menendez in 1567, the effects of Spanish colonization ... More


An Archaeology of Native American Placemaking in the Southern Appalachians

Christopher B. Rodning and Lynne P. Sullivan

in The Historical Turn in Southeastern Archaeology

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781683401629
eISBN:
9781683402299
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9781683401629.003.0006
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

Archaeology contributes material perspectives and temporal dimensions to the study of placemaking. This chapter explores relationships between people and place in Native American town areas of the ... More


Dealing with New Foreigners

Helen C. Rountree and Wesley D. Taukchiray

in Manteo's World: Native American Life in Carolina's Sound Country before and after the Lost Colony

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9781469662930
eISBN:
9781469662954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469662930.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

There had been a few contacts with Europeans before 1584, most of them being due to wrecked ships. But beginning in 1584, the English began – for a time – trying to settle in the region, first ... More


Stories of Seeds and Soil

Gabrielle Tayac and Tanya Thrasher

in The Land Has Memory: Indigenous Knowledge, Native Landscapes, and the National Museum of the American Indian

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807832646
eISBN:
9781469606019
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807889787_blue_spruce.10
Subject:
Society and Culture, Native American Studies

This chapter looks at the influence of the animal and plant life on the surrounding landscape of the National Museum of the American Indian (NMAI). This is illustrated by the 27,000 trees, shrubs, ... More


* Amazonia 1492: Pristine Forest or Cultural Parkland?

Michael J. Heckenberger, Afukaka Kuikuro, Urissap’a Tabata Kuikuro, J. Christian Russell, Morgan Schmidt, Carlos Fausto, and Bruna Franchetto

in The Social Lives of Forests: Past, Present, and Future of Woodland Resurgence

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226322667
eISBN:
9780226024134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226024134.003.0029
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Arguments still rage regarding whether the Amazon was a pristine, sparsely populated natural forest or a region of cultural forests, complete with areas of dense settlement, agriculture, and working ... More


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