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Above and below

Matthew Flinders

in Delegated Governance and the British State: Walking without Order

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199271603
eISBN:
9780191709241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199271603.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics, Political Economy

One prominent alternative to the challenges of delegation rests on the movement of responsibilities above and below the nation state to democratic structures that may offer greater capacity in terms ... More


Credit Rating Agencies on the Watch List: Analysis of European Regulation

Raquel García Alcubilla and Javier Ruiz del Pozo

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199608867
eISBN:
9780191739125
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608867.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics, Macro- and Monetary Economics

In a non-technical language, the book provides an overview of the history of ratings, the role of rating agencies, the industry, the uses of ratings and the rating process. The US subprime crisis ... More


Organizational Arrangements for European Union Administrative Action

Herwig C.H. Hofmann, Gerard C. Rowe, and Alexander H. TÜrk

in Administrative Law and Policy of the European Union

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199286485
eISBN:
9780191730894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199286485.003.0009
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter discusses the organizational forms central to European administrative governance. It sets out the central features of these forms, their rationale(s) and, wherever possible, offers an ... More


Contingent Valuation Methodology and the EU Institutional Framework

François Bonnieux and Pierre Rainelli

in Valuing Environmental Preferences: Theory and Practice of the Contingent Valuation Method in the US, EU , and developing Countries

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248919
eISBN:
9780191595950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248915.003.0017
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The environmental legislation process in the EU originated in the First Environmental Action Programme in 1973. A consistent set of principles emerged in successive Environmental Action Programmes: ... More


Future Developments

Garcia Alcubilla and Ruiz del Pozo

in Credit Rating Agencies on the Watch List: Analysis of European Regulation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199608867
eISBN:
9780191739125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608867.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics, Macro- and Monetary Economics

The book starts with the weaknesses of the agencies in relation to asset-backed securities’ ratings and concludes with the policy discussions around the ratings of EU sovereign bonds, prompted by the ... More


Introduction and historical overview: the establishment of environmental policy as a European policy domain

Christoph Knill and Duncan Liefferink

in Environmental Politics in the European Union: Policy-making, Implementation and Patterns of Multi-level Governance

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719075803
eISBN:
9781781701461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719075803.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter provides a historical overview of the establishment of environmental policy as a policy domain of the European Union (EU). The development in EU environmental policy can be traced in ... More


Balancing Competence and Control: Indirect Governance “Triangles” in EU Regulation

Felix Biermann and Berthold Rittberger

in The Governor's Dilemma: Indirect Governance Beyond Principals and Agents

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780198855057
eISBN:
9780191889028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198855057.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

In recent decades the EU has witnessed a remarkable rise in the number of specialized regulatory agencies and European regulatory networks (ERNs). It is often assumed that agencies and ERNs are ... More


Central institutions and actors

Christoph Knill and Duncan Liefferink

in Environmental Politics in the European Union: Policy-making, Implementation and Patterns of Multi-level Governance

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719075803
eISBN:
9781781701461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719075803.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter analyses the general institutional and procedural conditions involved in the design of European environmental policies, and describes the main actors and institutions active in the ... More


Benchmarking the well-being of European Muslims

Pamela Irving Jackson and Peter Doerschler

in Benchmarking Muslim well-being in Europe: Reducing disparities and polarizations

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9781847428875
eISBN:
9781447307716
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847428875.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

The sources of information that enable examination of both the structural and legal barriers to Muslims’ achievement in European states are discussed, and the changes required for the cohesion sought ... More


Pharmaceutical Regulation in the European Union

Stuart O. Schweitzer and Z. John Lu

in Pharmaceutical Economics and Policy: Perspectives, Promises, and Problems

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780190623784
eISBN:
9780190623814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190623784.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

The main scientific and technical aspects of new drug registration, including pathways to marketing authorization approval, clinical study design and method, and requirement of and specifications for ... More


Civil Space: Science and Exploration

James Clay Moltz

in Crowded Orbits: Conflict and Cooperation in Space

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231159128
eISBN:
9780231528177
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231159128.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter analyzes the contributions of space explorations towards science and research. It looks into the phenomena of “civil” spaceflight, which means nonmilitary and noncommercial activities in ... More


Extending experimentalist governance in EU crisis management

Magnus Ekengren

in Extending Experimentalist Governance?: The European Union and Transnational Regulation

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780198724506
eISBN:
9780191792113
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198724506.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, Comparative Politics

This chapter analyses how the shortcomings of traditional EU governance in the field of the Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) have forced the Union to experiment with new governance methods, ... More


Science: Doing Research in Space

Valerie Neal

in Spaceflight in the Shuttle Era and Beyond: Redefining Humanity's Purpose in Space

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780300206517
eISBN:
9780300227987
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300206517.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The fourth chapter, “Science: Doing Research in Space,” traces the shift in the purpose of spaceflight from practical work to laboratory research and the increase of knowledge during the 1980s and ... More


Marooned on Mercury

Fred Taylor

in Exploring the Planets: A Memoir

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780199671595
eISBN:
9780191819650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671595.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

The author worked with the European Space Agency to define a mission to the innermost planet, Mercury, which was to bring a sample of the planet’s surface back to Earth for analysis. This had to be ... More


The Days of the Comet

Fred Taylor

in Exploring the Planets: A Memoir

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780199671595
eISBN:
9780191819650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671595.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

The author worked with the European Space Agency to help plan its first mission to a comet, intended to analyse its thin atmosphere and land on the solid nucleus, and perhaps even to bring a core ... More


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