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Restructuring European Jewish Communities: Hopes and Realities

David H. Weinberg

in Recovering a Voice: West European Jewry After the Holocaust

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781906764104
eISBN:
9781800340961
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781906764104.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter examines how the initial efforts by both international and local Jewish leaders to strengthen and streamline communal institutions and policies in the first decade and a half after the ... More


Decline (1713–1750)

JONATHAN I. ISRAEL

in European Jewry in the Age of Mercantilism 1550–1750

Published in print:
1985
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198219286
eISBN:
9780191678332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198219286.003.0011
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History, History of Religion

It is important to note that during the expansion of the European Jewry, the diaspora undergone by the Jewish population – especially in central Europe, Spain, Poland, and Italy – veered away from ... More


Decline and Renewal (1713–1750)

Jonathan Israel

in European Jewry in the Age of Mercantilism, 1550-1750

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781874774426
eISBN:
9781800340282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781874774426.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter explains that the period 1713–50 was one of sharp deterioration in European Jewry's demographic position. It is true that a steady increase persisted in many parts, but, from the second ... More


‘The Time of Vishniac’: Photographs of Pre-War East European Jewry in Post-War Contexts

Jeffrey Shandler

in Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 16: Focusing on Jewish Popular Culture and Its Afterlife

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781874774730
eISBN:
9781800340732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781874774730.003.0017
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter investigates how pictures taken by photographers from outside the east European Jewish community became widely familiar throughout the post-war period, none more so than the work of one ... More


What Happened to the Extended Jewish Family? Jewish Homes for the Aged in Eastern Europe

Peter Y. Medding

in Studies in Contemporary Jewry: Volume XIV: Coping with Life and Death: Jewish Families in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195128208
eISBN:
9780199854592
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195128208.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Religion

In tracing its historical development, this chapter attempts to clarify the place of the elderly in the Jewish family, along with broader issues of communal organization. Topics discussed include the ... More


Epilogue

Derek J. Penslar

in Shylock's Children: Economics and Jewish Identity in Modern Europe

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520225909
eISBN:
9780520925847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520225909.003.0010
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter talks about the massacre of two-thirds of European Jewry in the Holocaust, which, combined with the economic modernization of postwar Europe, has eliminated the Jews from their previous ... More


The Thirty Years War

Jonathan Israel

in European Jewry in the Age of Mercantilism, 1550-1750

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781874774426
eISBN:
9781800340282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781874774426.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter focuses on the Thirty Years War (1618–48), which marked a new phase in the interaction between Jews and European society in several respects. Especially in central Europe, the long and ... More


Conclusion

JONATHAN I. ISRAEL

in European Jewry in the Age of Mercantilism 1550–1750

Published in print:
1985
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198219286
eISBN:
9780191678332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198219286.003.0012
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History, History of Religion

For the European Jewry, the eighteenth century marked another significant event in history, as this was the period in which the community experienced a ‘decline’; somewhat contrary to previous ... More


The Western Allies and the Holocaust

David Engel

in Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 1: Poles and Jews: Renewing the Dialogue

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781904113171
eISBN:
9781800340589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781904113171.003.0022
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter studies the response of the Western Allies to the Holocaust. The response of the United States to the successive stripping of the dignity, freedom, and the lives of six million European ... More


Conclusion

Eliyahu Stern

in The Genius

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300179309
eISBN:
9780300183221
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300179309.003.0008
Subject:
Society and Culture, Jewish Studies

This chapter explains that the experience of Jewish modernity tends to be seen as a process of secularization; an arc starting with the Jews living under static corporate structures and ending with ... More


The Construction of a Secular Jewish Identity: European and American Influences in Israeli Education

S. Ilan Troen

in Divergent Jewish Cultures: Israel and America

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300084269
eISBN:
9780300130218
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300084269.003.0002
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter discusses the construction of new identities by examining how European Jews understood the purposes and meanings of Zionism in Zion. Pioneers built Zionism on a rejection of Europe and ... More


Lingering Stereotypes and Jewish Displaced Persons

Michael Berkowitz

in The Crime of My Very Existence: Nazism and the Myth of Jewish Criminality

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520251120
eISBN:
9780520940680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520251120.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter shows that the stigma of Jews as criminals was one of the most resilient and widespread perceptions among Germans as they confronted the remnant of European Jewry in post-World War II ... More


Rethinking European Jewish History

Jeremy Cohen and Moshe Rosman (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781904113560
eISBN:
9781800342651
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781904113560.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Europe has changed greatly in the last century. The political boundaries between nations and states, along with the very concepts of 'nation' and 'boundary', have changed significantly, and the ... More


Book Reviews: Jewish History and Jewish Memory: Essays in Honor of Yosef Hayim Yerushalmi

John M. Carlebach (ed.)

in Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 14: Focusing on Jews in the Polish Borderlands

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781874774693
eISBN:
9781800340718
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781874774693.003.0029
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter briefly reviews a volume of essays, entitled Jewish History and Jewish Memory: Essays in Honor of Yosef Hayim Yerushalmi. It provides thumbnail descriptions of some of the articles that ... More


Knowing and Believing

Richard Bolchover

in British Jewry and the Holocaust: With a New Introduction: With a New Introduction

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781874774808
eISBN:
9781800340022
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781874774808.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter outlines the context of British Jewry's response to the Holocaust. It examines the information that was available to the Anglo-Jewish community about events behind Nazi lines and ... More


The Englishness of Jewish Modernity in England

Todd M. Endelman

in Broadening Jewish History

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781904113010
eISBN:
9781800342606
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781904113010.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter talks about the Jewish historians who looked to the German Jewish experience as the paradigm for the transformation of European Jewry. It reviews the pioneers of Reform Judaism and ... More


It’s Kosher to be Orthodox in America

Chaim I. Waxman

in Social Change and Halakhic Evolution in American Orthodoxy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781906764845
eISBN:
9781800343450
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781906764845.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter examines works on American Jewry written during the 1950s and 1960s that begin with the contrast between the pessimistic evaluations of the state of American Judaism at the end of the ... More


Turning-Point (1570–1600)

Jonathan Israel

in European Jewry in the Age of Mercantilism, 1550-1750

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781874774426
eISBN:
9781800340282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781874774426.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter examines the tentative readmission of Jewry into western and central Europe from the 1570s onwards that signalled a reversal of trends which had previously prevailed everywhere west of ... More


Kabbalistic Culture of Eighteenth-century Prague: Ezekiel Landau and His Contemporaries

Sharon Flatto

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781904113393
eISBN:
9781800342675
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781904113393.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Kabbalah played a surprisingly prominent and far-reaching role in eighteenth-century Prague. This book uncovers the centrality of this mystical tradition for Prague's influential Jewish community and ... More


Introduction

Shmuel Feiner and David Sorkin

in New Perspectives on the Haskalah

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781874774617
eISBN:
9781800340145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781874774617.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This introductory chapter provides an overview of Haskalah, or Jewish Enlightenment. The Haskalah provides an interesting example of one of the Enlightenments of eighteenth- to nineteenth-century ... More


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