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Decline (1713–1750)

JONATHAN I. ISRAEL

in European Jewry in the Age of Mercantilism 1550–1750

Published in print:
1985
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198219286
eISBN:
9780191678332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198219286.003.0011
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History, History of Religion

It is important to note that during the expansion of the European Jewry, the diaspora undergone by the Jewish population – especially in central Europe, Spain, Poland, and Italy – veered away from ... More


Epilogue

Derek J. Penslar

in Shylock's Children: Economics and Jewish Identity in Modern Europe

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520225909
eISBN:
9780520925847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520225909.003.0010
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter talks about the massacre of two-thirds of European Jewry in the Holocaust, which, combined with the economic modernization of postwar Europe, has eliminated the Jews from their previous ... More


The Construction of a Secular Jewish Identity: European and American Influences in Israeli Education

S. Ilan Troen

in Divergent Jewish Cultures: Israel and America

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300084269
eISBN:
9780300130218
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300084269.003.0002
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter discusses the construction of new identities by examining how European Jews understood the purposes and meanings of Zionism in Zion. Pioneers built Zionism on a rejection of Europe and ... More


Conclusion

Eliyahu Stern

in The Genius

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300179309
eISBN:
9780300183221
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300179309.003.0008
Subject:
Society and Culture, Jewish Studies

This chapter explains that the experience of Jewish modernity tends to be seen as a process of secularization; an arc starting with the Jews living under static corporate structures and ending with ... More


Lingering Stereotypes and Jewish Displaced Persons

Michael Berkowitz

in The Crime of My Very Existence: Nazism and the Myth of Jewish Criminality

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520251120
eISBN:
9780520940680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520251120.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter shows that the stigma of Jews as criminals was one of the most resilient and widespread perceptions among Germans as they confronted the remnant of European Jewry in post-World War II ... More


Conclusion

JONATHAN I. ISRAEL

in European Jewry in the Age of Mercantilism 1550–1750

Published in print:
1985
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198219286
eISBN:
9780191678332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198219286.003.0012
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History, History of Religion

For the European Jewry, the eighteenth century marked another significant event in history, as this was the period in which the community experienced a ‘decline’; somewhat contrary to previous ... More


What Happened to the Extended Jewish Family? Jewish Homes for the Aged in Eastern Europe

Peter Y. Medding

in Studies in Contemporary Jewry: Volume XIV: Coping with Life and Death: Jewish Families in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195128208
eISBN:
9780199854592
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195128208.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Religion

In tracing its historical development, this chapter attempts to clarify the place of the elderly in the Jewish family, along with broader issues of communal organization. Topics discussed include the ... More


Introduction

in Rabbis and Revolution: The Jews of Moravia in the Age of Emancipation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804770569
eISBN:
9780804776523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804770569.003.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Jewish Studies

This book examines the Jews and Jewish communities of Moravia during the Age of Emancipation. It takes a comparative approach to Moravian Jewry and sheds light on the religious, ideological, ... More


Aversion and Erasure: The Fate of the Victim After the Holocaust

Carolyn J. Dean

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780801449444
eISBN:
9780801460333
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449444.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This book offers a bold account of how the Holocaust's status as humanity's most terrible example of evil has shaped contemporary discourses about victims in the West. Popular and scholarly attention ... More


“A Drastically Bifurcated Legacy”: Homeland and Jewish Identity in Contemporary Jewish American Literature

Tresa Grauer

in Divergent Jewish Cultures: Israel and America

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300084269
eISBN:
9780300130218
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300084269.003.0011
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter argues that Zionist responses to the powerlessness of European Jewry also entered the consciousness and art of American Jews, who shared the idea that building a Jewish state reflected ... More


Covenantal Communities

S. Ilan Troen

in Imagining Zion: Dreams, Designs, and Realities in a Century of Jewish Settlement

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300094831
eISBN:
9780300128000
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300094831.003.0001
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter discusses the first generation of pioneers and planners who imagined a land filled with villages in imitation of the Europe they had known before emigration. They assumed that the ... More


Primo Levi's Correspondence with Hety Schmitt-Maas

Ian Thomson

in Answering Auschwitz: Primo Levi's Science and Humanism after the Fall

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780823233588
eISBN:
9780823241811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823233588.003.0018
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

A complicated, difficult man, Levi was noted for his determination to keep secret what he wished to keep secret. His late essay collection, The Drowned and the Saved typically contains many elisions ... More


Conclusion

John M. Efron

in Medicine and the German Jews: A History

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300083774
eISBN:
9780300133592
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300083774.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This book concludes with a retelling of how the Nazis obliterated the prolonged and intense German Jewish involvement with medicine as part of their war of extermination against European Jewry. ... More


Léon Poliakov, the Origins of Holocaust Studies, and Theories of Anti-Semitism: Rereading Bréviaire de la haine

Jonathan Judaken

in Post-Holocaust France and the Jews, 1945-1955

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479835041
eISBN:
9781479814954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479835041.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter explores Léon Poliakov’s often unacknowledged contributions to the establishment of Holocaust studies and how he understood a key engine in the machinery of the destruction of European ... More


Historical and Theoretical Considerations

Alexandra Garbarini

in Numbered Days: Diaries and the Holocaust

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300112528
eISBN:
9780300135039
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300112528.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter looks at the historical and theoretical considerations that surround the manner through which the hundreds, perhaps thousands, of European Jewish men and women have related their ... More


Historians of the Jews and the Holocaust

David Engel

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804759519
eISBN:
9780804773461
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804759519.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Jewish Studies

The Nazi Holocaust is often said to dominate the study of modern Jewish history. This book demonstrates that, to the contrary, historians of the Jews have often insisted that the Holocaust be ... More


Philosophy and the Jewish Question: Mendelssohn, Rosenzweig, and Beyond

Bruce Rosenstock

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823231294
eISBN:
9780823235520
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823231294.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Drawing together two critical moments in the history of European Jewry—its entrance as a participant in the Enlightenment project of religious and political reform and its involvement ... More


An Unpromising Land: Jewish Migration to Palestine in the Early Twentieth Century

Gur Alroey

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780804789325
eISBN:
9780804790871
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804789325.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Jewish Studies

The Jewish migration at the end of the nineteenth century and beginning of the twentieth was one of the dramatic events that changed the Jewish people in modern times beyond recognition. Millions of ... More


Political and Theological Dissent, 1953–1967

Caitlin Carenen

in The Fervent Embrace: Liberal Protestants, Evangelicals, and Israel

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814741047
eISBN:
9780814708378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814741047.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter recounts the challenges faced by the American Christian Palestine Committee (ACPC), including opposition from the American Council on Judaism and the American Friends of the Middle East, ... More


The Journey to Palestine

Gur Alroey

in An Unpromising Land: Jewish Migration to Palestine in the Early Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780804789325
eISBN:
9780804790871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804789325.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Jewish Studies

The aim of this chapter is to examine the journey to Palestine in a comparative perspective, beginning with the bureaucracy involved in the emigration process, tracing the journey by train to the ... More


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