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Compounded Representation in EU Multi‐Level Governance

Arthur Benz

in Linking EU and National Governance

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199252268
eISBN:
9780191601040
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252262.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Chapter 5 applies the concept of compounded representation to analyse democracy in EU multi-level governance. From this analytical perspective it describes how different modes of democratic ... More


From Community to Diverse Union

Giandomenico Majone

in Dilemmas of European Integration: The Ambiguities and Pitfalls of Integration by Stealth

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199274307
eISBN:
9780191603310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199274304.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Since the Treaty on European Union, it has become clear that the process of European integration moves along several paths, of which the Community path is the best known, but not necessarily the most ... More


Political Executive Power

Deirdre Curtin

in Executive Power of the European Union: Law, Practices, and the Living Constitution

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199264087
eISBN:
9780191718281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264087.003.0004
Subject:
Law, EU Law

This chapter focuses on the political layer, the ‘political executive’, close to the top layer of the European Council, the Council of Ministers, and the Commission and associated actors (the High ... More


Beyond the Rotating Presidency

Adriaan Schout

in Leaderless Europe

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199535026
eISBN:
9780191715860
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199535026.003.0015
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

All of the presidents of the Council of Ministers have left their mark, in areas ranging from EU agenda-setting to securing agreement after technical negotiations. Partly because their duties are ... More


Environmental Policy: EU Actors, Leader and Laggard States

Rüdiger K. W. Wurzel

in Leaderless Europe

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199535026
eISBN:
9780191715860
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199535026.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

Starting from internal market harmonization regulations and with the European Court of Justice's broad interpretation of the Rome Treaty, a common environmental policy have emerged with leader and ... More


The Impact of Passive Leverage: The EU and Eastern Europe, 1989–94

Milada Anna Vachudova

in Europe Undivided: Democracy, Leverage, and Integration After Communism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199241194
eISBN:
9780191602382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241198.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The EU had a negligible impact on the course of political change in the new democracies from 1989 to 1994. This chapter traces empirically the relationship between the EU and the liberal and ... More


Collective Leadership in Leaderless Europe: A Sceptical View

Dionyssis G. Dimitrakopoulos

in Leaderless Europe

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199535026
eISBN:
9780191715860
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199535026.003.0016
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

Collective leadership is about choosing priorities and resolving conflicts by a group of actors through compromise. However, it weakens clarity, speed, and uniformity of decisions and blurs ... More


Supranational Delegation and National Executive Leadership since the 1950s

Peter L. Lindseth

in Power and Legitimacy: Reconciling Europe and the Nation-State

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195390148
eISBN:
9780199866397
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390148.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law, Public International Law

This chapter initiates the discussion of the legal-historical effort to translate elements of the postwar constitutional settlement into supranational form over the last half-century. The focus here ... More


The evolution of the European Employment Strategy: towards full employment

Diamond Ashiagbor

in The European Employment Strategy: Labour Market Regulation and New Governance

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199279647
eISBN:
9780191707278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279647.003.0005
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Employment Law

This chapter examines the European Employment Strategy, particularly the employment guidelines, the institutional framework for employment policy generation, and the implications of the attempt to ... More


Overt and Covert Institutionalization in Europe

Adrienne Héritier

in The Institutionalization of Europe

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199247967
eISBN:
9780191601088
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924796X.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Concerns decision-making in the European Union (EU), given the ever-present threat of deadlock, and argues that a set of informal and more formal tactics, serving to facilitate rule-making, has ... More


The European Council: the New Centre of Political Gravity

Uwe Puetter

in The European Council and the Council: New intergovernmentalism and institutional change

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780198716242
eISBN:
9780191784903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716242.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The European Council has emerged as the new centre of political gravity in European Union policy-making. While the institution’s role in adopting history-making decisions on EU development is well ... More


The Rise and Fall of the Eurogroup

Dermot Hodson

in Governing the Euro Area in Good Times and Bad

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199572502
eISBN:
9780191728860
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572502.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy, European Union

Since its first meeting in June 1998, the Eurogroup has been progressively formalized, acquiring a permanent secretariat, a fixed-term presidency, and legal status under the Lisbon Treaty. This ... More


From Accounting Directives to International Accounting Standards

Karel van Hulle

in The Economics and Politics of Accounting: International Perspectives on Trends, Policy, and Practice

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199260621
eISBN:
9780191601668
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199260621.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

An insider perspective is presented on the historical development of EU (European Union) accounting regulation. The author explains why the EU moved away from the idea of European harmonization ... More


Open Method of Co-ordination

Paul Craig

in EU Administrative Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199568628
eISBN:
9780191739415
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199568628.003.0007
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter deals with a rather different method of policy delivery, the Open Method of Co-ordination. The discussion begins by reviewing the imprimatur given by the European Council to the Open ... More


The Treaty on European Union

Simon J. Nuttall

in European Foreign Policy

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198293361
eISBN:
9780191684982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198293361.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter discusses the European Council's agreement on the Maastricht Treaty in December 1991. The text of the treaty was finalized and signed two months later. However, given the fraught ... More


Muslims and Religious Discrimination: Eu Law and Policy

H. A. Hellyer

in Muslims of Europe The ‘Other’ Europeans

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748639472
eISBN:
9780748671342
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748639472.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Islam

In the European Union (EU), respect for demographic minorities is considered a priority that it has become a prerequisite for accession to the EU, and member states are subject to a number of legal ... More


The Making of the European Union

Elli Louka

in Water Law and Policy: Governance Without Frontiers

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195374131
eISBN:
9780199871841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374131.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter begins with a discussion of the establishment and evolution of the European Union. It then describes the EU's legislative and executive organs, including the European Commission, Council ... More


The Mechanics of European Political Co-operation

Simon J. Nuttall

in European Political Co-operation

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198273189
eISBN:
9780191684005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198273189.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter describes how the European Political Co-operation (EPC), the foreign policy arm of the European Community (EC), is organized and what it does today. For the first 17 years of its ... More


Pre-accession

Marc Maresceau

in The Enlargement of the European Union

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199260942
eISBN:
9780191698705
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199260942.003.0002
Subject:
Law, EU Law

The expression ‘pre-accession’, formally appearing for the first time in the Conclusions of the Essen European Council of December 1994, is now firmly established in the terminological practice of ... More


At the Heart of Europe: The Road to the Maastricht Treaty

Stephen Wall

in A Stranger in Europe: Britain and the EU from Thatcher to Blair

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199284559
eISBN:
9780191700309
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284559.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, UK Politics

Although John Major was born during World War II, he was a child of post-war Britain. Unlike Margaret Thatcher, who was already a teenager when war was declared, Major had no visceral fear of what a ... More


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