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Empirical Cases

Adrienne Héritier

in Explaining Institutional Change in Europe

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199298129
eISBN:
9780191711633
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298129.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter examines the patterns of long-term institutional change which are typical for a number of important institutional rules governing the decision-making process in the European Union. It ... More


The European Commission: Diminishing Returns to Entrepreneurship

Mitchell P. Smith

in The State of the European Union: Risks, Reform, Resistance, and Revival

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297574
eISBN:
9780191598982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297572.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter examines how three consequences of entrepreneurship induced diminishing returns for the European Commission. These are increased workload, shift to activities of comparative ... More


The Commission as an Agent: Delegation of Executive Power in the European Union

Mark A. Pollack

in The Engines of European Integration: Delegation, Agency, and Agenda Setting in the EU

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251179
eISBN:
9780191600111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251177.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

European Union governments have delegated executive and agenda‐setting powers to the Commission primarily to reduce the transaction costs of policy‐making, and they have designed complex control ... More


Liberalizing Europe: The Commission, the Court, and the Creation of a European Market

Mark A. Pollack

in The Engines of European Integration: Delegation, Agency, and Agenda Setting in the EU

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251179
eISBN:
9780191600111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251177.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The ability of supranational agents such as the European Commission and Court of Justice to influence policy outcomes in the European Union varies as a function of the control mechanisms established ... More


The Engines of Integration? Supranational Autonomy and Influence in the European Union

Mark A. Pollack

in European Integration and Supranational Governance

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780198294641
eISBN:
9780191601071
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294646.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Is European integration still being driven, as it used to be, by intergovernmental agreement, or is the mainspring now located within the European Community itself? This chapter explores the autonomy ... More


Jacques Delors as Policy Entrepreneur and Ingénieur of the EMU Negotiations: Agenda‐Setting and Oiling the Wheels

Kenneth Dyson and Kevin Featherstone

in The Road To Maastricht: Negotiating Economic and Monetary Union

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296386
eISBN:
9780191599125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829638X.003.0017
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Delors policy beliefs and strategy for EMU are analysed, in particular his role as animateur and ingénieur of the negotiations. His leadership before and during the Delors Committee is seen as ... More


Interest Groups and the Brussels Bureaucracy

Sonia Mazey and Jeremy Richardson

in Governing Europe

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250158
eISBN:
9780191599439
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250154.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The chapter first discusses the logic of lobbying of the European Commission by interest groups. The rest of the discussion is divided into three parts. The first section highlights the ... More


Fisheries management in Community waters

Robin R. Churchill and Daniel Owen

in The EC Common Fisheries Policy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199275847
eISBN:
9780191706080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199275847.003.0004
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter examines the legal regime governing the management of fisheries in Community waters, i.e., those waters under the sovereignty or jurisdiction of EC Member States. An initial issue is the ... More


The Active Leverage of the European Union

Milada Anna Vachudova

in Europe Undivided: Democracy, Leverage, and Integration After Communism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199241194
eISBN:
9780191602382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241198.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter presents a theoretical framework for the EU’s active leverage, defined as the EU’s deliberate efforts to promote reform in candidate states moving towards EU membership. Active leverage ... More


Regulating Europe: The Commission, the Court, and the Regulation of the European Market

Mark A. Pollack

in The Engines of European Integration: Delegation, Agency, and Agenda Setting in the EU

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251179
eISBN:
9780191600111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251177.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The ability of supranational agents such as the European Commission and Court of Justice to influence policy outcomes in the European Union varies as a function of the control mechanisms established ... More


The European Union: Integration, Competition, Growth—And Sustainability

Susan Baker

in Implementing Sustainable Development: Strategies and Initiatives in High Consumption Societies

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242016
eISBN:
9780191599736
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242011.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Analyses efforts of the central institutions of the European Union to come to terms with sustainable development. It examines the response of different European institutions, highlighting the role of ... More


Conclusions: A Europe of Agents, a World of Agents

Mark A. Pollack

in The Engines of European Integration: Delegation, Agency, and Agenda Setting in the EU

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251179
eISBN:
9780191600111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251177.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The member states of the European Union have delegated functions to the Commission and the Court of Justice, which correspond closely to the functions predicted by principal‐agent models; delegation ... More


Institutionalizing Promiscuity: Commission‐Interest Group Relations in the European Union

Sonia Mazey and Jeremy Richardson

in The Institutionalization of Europe

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199247967
eISBN:
9780191601088
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924796X.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The relationship between the European Commission and the various lobbying groups in Brussels is explored, and it is argued that there is now a ‘mature’ institutionalized policy-making style governing ... More


Guarding the Treaty: The Compliance Strategies of the European Commissio n

Tanja A. Börzel

in The State of the European Union, 6: Law, Politics, and Society

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199257409
eISBN:
9780191600951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925740X.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Analyses the role of the European Commission as guardian of the European Treaty in ensuring compliance with EU law. The study shows that the Commission relies on four different compliance strategies, ... More


The Politics of Eurocracy: Building a New European State?

R. Daniel Kelemen

in The State of the European Union Vol. 7: With US or Against US? European Trends in American Perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199283958
eISBN:
9780191603297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199283958.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Independent agencies like those common in the US federal government have proliferated in the EU in recent years. The EU has increasingly adopted a ‘hub and spoke’ model of bureaucracy, with ... More


The Emergence of a Supranational Telecommunications Regime

Wayne Sandholtz

in European Integration and Supranational Governance

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780198294641
eISBN:
9780191601071
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294646.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The creation of a European telecommunications infrastructure provides a clear example of a policy domain in which the competence of national governments has been transferred into the European Union. ... More


Stock Exchange Competition and the Nasdaq Bargain in Europe

Elliot Posner

in The State of the European Union Vol. 7: With US or Against US? European Trends in American Perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199283958
eISBN:
9780191603297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199283958.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Small capitalization markets like the US Nasdaq have proliferated in Europe in recent years as part of a broad but uneven process of financial reforms. Though often seen as a fairly direct response ... More


Executive Selection in the European Union: Does the Commission President Investiture Procedure Reduce the Democratic Deficit?

Simon Hix

in European Integration After Amsterdam: Institutional Dynamics and Prospects for Democracy

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296409
eISBN:
9780191599989
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296401.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Discusses the issue of accountability. Argues that the holders of political power in the EU institutions must be made more accountable. The so‐called ‘permissive consensus’, in which Europe's leaders ... More


Europeanization as Convergence: The Regulation of Media Markets in the European Union

Alison J. Harcourt

in The Politics of Europeanization

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252091
eISBN:
9780191599224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252092.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

One of the challenges of Europeanization as an innovative research agenda is the identification of mechanisms through which domestic public policy is Europeanized. In Chapter 2, Radaelli identified ... More


The Free Movement of Goods

Alec Stone Sweet

in The Judicial Construction of Europe

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199275533
eISBN:
9780191602009
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019927553X.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The previous chapter showed how transnational activity, the adjudication of the European Community (EC) law, and EC lawmaking had developed symbiotically to determine much of what is important about ... More


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