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The Martians of Science: Five Physicists Who Changed the Twentieth Century

István Hargittai

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195178456
eISBN:
9780199787012
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178456.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Five men born at the turn of the 20th century in Budapest: Theodore von Kármán, Leo Szilard, Eugene Wigner, John von Neumann, and Edward Teller, became a special group often referred to as the ... More


Chemical Dynamics and Social Dynamics in Berlin and Manchester

Mary Jo Nye

in Michael Polanyi and His Generation: Origins of the Social Construction of Science

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226610634
eISBN:
9780226610658
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226610658.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on the collaborative work between Polanyi and Eyring, which made an enduring contribution in defining and defending the use of the “semi-empirical method” in theoretical ... More


A Scientist's Responsibility

in Science and Conscience: The Life of James Franck

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804763103
eISBN:
9780804779098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804763103.003.0008
Subject:
History, Cultural History

After the discovery of uranium fission, James Franck joined Enrico Fermi, Eugene Wigner, and Leo Szilard in the Manhattan Project, in a presumed race against Germany scientists in the production of ... More


Laws: An Invariance-Based Account

James Woodward

in Laws of Nature

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198746775
eISBN:
9780191809057
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198746775.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, History of Philosophy

This chapter defends an invariance-based account of laws of nature. In constructing a physical theory one looks for a cut or contrast between laws and initial conditions such that (i) the laws are ... More


Making a World, Mathematically

Roi Wagner

in Making and Breaking Mathematical Sense: Histories and Philosophies of Mathematical Practice

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691171715
eISBN:
9781400883783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691171715.003.0008
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter looks at mathematics not only as subject to constraints but also as feeding back into the reality that shapes it. To show how mathematics changes the reality in which it evolves and ... More


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