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The Cahier de Doléances, 1561

Allan A. Tulchin

in That Men Would Praise the Lord: The Reformation in Nimes, 1530-1570

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199736522
eISBN:
9780199866229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199736522.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter discusses Nîmes’s cahier de doléances, written for the Pontoise session of the national Estates General of 1561. It was written by the Protestant party, which wove together religious and ... More


The Revolt of the Curés

John McManners

in Church and Society in Eighteenth-Century France Volume 2: The Religion of the People and the Politics of Religion

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198270041
eISBN:
9780191600692
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198270046.003.0029
Subject:
Religion, Church History

As the only members of the clerical estate in regular contact with the people, many curés throughout the eighteenth century had protested against social injustice and of the abuses of nobles, of the ... More


Democratic Millennialism: French Revolution (1789–1815 ce)

Richard Landes

in Heaven on Earth: The Varieties of the Millennial Experience

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199753598
eISBN:
9780199897445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753598.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

This chapter explores the French Revolution as an attempt to realize the millennial dream of an egalitarian society articulated by some of the currents within the Enlightenment. It identifies the ... More


The End of an Élite: The French Bishops and the Coming of the Revolution 1786-1790

Nigel Aston

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198202844
eISBN:
9780191675553
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202844.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History, History of Religion

This book offers a scholarly study in English of the bishops of the French church at the outbreak of the French Revolution. The 130 members of the episcopate formed an elite within an elite, the ... More


Necker, the clergy and ‘patriotism’

Nigel Aston

in The End of an Élite: The French Bishops and the Coming of the Revolution 1786-1790

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198202844
eISBN:
9780191675553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202844.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History, History of Religion

Jacques Necker was back in office before the fugitive Loménie de Brienne had got as far as Sens, leaving behind only effigies of himself for the vengeance of the Paris mob. Necker's close ally, ... More


Bishops versus curés: clerical elections to the Estates-General, spring 1789

Nigel Aston

in The End of an Élite: The French Bishops and the Coming of the Revolution 1786-1790

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198202844
eISBN:
9780191675553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202844.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History, History of Religion

Jacques Necker's electoral règlement made it unlikely that the bishops would have the chance of shining at the Estates-General with ‘toutes les splendeurs de sa primauté’. The rules seemed designed ... More


The end of the First Estate: the bishops and the Estates-General, May-July 1789

Nigel Aston

in The End of an Élite: The French Bishops and the Coming of the Revolution 1786-1790

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198202844
eISBN:
9780191675553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202844.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Modern History, History of Religion

The actions of J.-M. Champion de Cicé and his liberal aides had left the First Estate in a desperate plight. The nerve of the most prominent conservatives had broken; Archbishop de Juigné was ... More


Aristocracy Attacked: The Rise and Fall of the Noble Order

William Doyle

in Aristocracy and its Enemies in the Age of Revolution

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199559855
eISBN:
9780191701788
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559855.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter highlights the rise and fall of the noble order. There were three generals or orders of the realm that were represented by the Estates-General. The first order, the clergy, was the only ... More


The Commonwealth and the Catholic Church in 1788

Richard Butterwick

in The Polish Revolution and the Catholic Church, 1788–1792: A Political History

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199250332
eISBN:
9780191730986
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250332.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The fortunes of the Commonwealth and the Church in the eighteenth century are sketched via the career of Kajetan Sołtyk (1715‐88), successively bishop of Kiev and Cracow, who in 1767 was deported to ... More


The French Revolution, Catholic Anxieties, and the Sacred Heart

Raymond Jonas

in France and the Cult of the Sacred Heart: An Epic Tale for Modern Times

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520221369
eISBN:
9780520924017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520221369.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter takes a look at the Sacred Heart of Jesus during the French Revolution. It first studies the efforts to crush the invading army that was intent on ending the Revolution and restoring the ... More


‘Thought blew the Bastille apart’: the fall of the fortress and the revolutionary years, 1789–1815

in The Place de la Bastille: The story of a quartier

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9781846316654
eISBN:
9781846316784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/UPO9781846316784.004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

In the late 1780s, France was mired in an economic crisis. There were plans to transfer all the inmates in the Bastille, which had become unpopular and very costly to maintain, to Vincennes. People ... More


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