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Cultural Colonization

Philippe Carles and Jean-Louis Comolli

in Free Jazz/Black Power

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781628460391
eISBN:
9781626740846
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781628460391.003.0004
Subject:
Music, History, American

This chapter looks at jazz in the time period between its commercialization in the 1920s and the bebop era in the mid-1940s. Jazz turned into harmless, expected entertainment music, formatted for the ... More


Essentialism about Meaning: Empty Names

Howard Wettstein

in The Magic Prism: An Essay in the Philosophy of Language

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195160529
eISBN:
9780199835072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195160525.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

A possible undesirable consequence of the direct reference theory is that its truth would imply empty names, e.g. Zeus, Santa Claus, lack significance. An advantage of Frege’s theory is that it makes ... More


The Blind Storyteller

Iris Berent

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780190061920
eISBN:
9780190061951
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190061920.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Do newborns think? Do they know that 3 is greater than 2? Do they prefer right to wrong? What about emotions? Do newborns recognize happiness or anger? If they do, then how are our inborn thoughts ... More


Saving Business from Culture: Cross-Cultural Training and Multicultural Performances

Heather Hindman

in Mediating the Global: Expatria's Forms and Consequences in Kathmandu

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780804786515
eISBN:
9780804788557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804786515.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Global

Culture plays a central role in why workers go overseas and the challenges they encounter. This chapter looks at how the culture concept has been addressed within the business community and ... More


Can Grief Really Be a Disorder?

Peter Zachar

in A Metaphysics of Psychopathology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262027045
eISBN:
9780262322270
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027045.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter explores the debate about eliminating the bereavement exclusion in the DSM-5. The public side of the debate (should grief be classified as a mental disorder?) was largely about the ... More


Psychological and Scientific Essentialism

Peter Zachar

in A Metaphysics of Psychopathology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262027045
eISBN:
9780262322270
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027045.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

A key feature of essentialism is the belief that discovering the inherent natures of things will lead to a classification system that carves nature at the joints. Some developmental psychologists ... More


Classification and the Concept of Psychiatric Disorder

Peter Zachar

in A Metaphysics of Psychopathology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262027045
eISBN:
9780262322270
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027045.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

The nominalist assertion that “psychiatric disorder” is only a name for conditions that psychiatrists decide to treat is unacceptably relativistic. One of the best thought-out attempts to regiment ... More


Shaking the Comfortable Conceits of Otherness: Political Science and the Study of “Orthodox Constructions of the West”

Elizabeth H. Prodromou

in Orthodox Constructions of the West

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780823251926
eISBN:
9780823253067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823251926.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This article analyzes the ideological and empirical bases of the hegemonic logic of alterity characterizing the essentialized categories of Orthodoxy and West. Arguing for the importance of ... More


John Marchmont’s Legacy

Helena Ifill

in Creating character: Theories of nature and nurture in Victorian sensation fiction

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781784995133
eISBN:
9781526136275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784995133.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

In John Marchmont’s Legacy, Braddon draws on two dominant Victorian female stereotypes: the ideal woman, or Angel in the House; and the emotionally volatile woman who, as prevailing medical discourse ... More


Nationalist Approaches to Immigration Justice

Peter W. Higgins

in Immigration Justice

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780748670260
eISBN:
9780748695126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748670260.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines nationalist views on immigration justice. All nationalists have in common the view that states morally ought to choose immigration policies that promote “the national interest,” ... More


Transforming Precarity at International All-Grrl Jams

Jessica Nydia Pabón-Colón

in Graffiti Grrlz: Performing Feminism in the Hip Hop Diaspora

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781479806157
eISBN:
9781479847426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479806157.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter considers the precarity of graffiti grrlz’ social and subcultural status. Graffiti subculture thrives on social relation; in this economy, aesthetics and peer recognition have value, but ... More


Fulfilling the Sacred Potential of Technology: New Edge Technophilia, Consumerism, and Spirituality in Silicon Valley

Dorien Zandbergen

in Things: Religion and the Question of Materiality

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780823239450
eISBN:
9780823239498
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823239450.003.0021
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Drawing on ethnographic fieldwork in the San Francisco Bay Area, this chapter addresses “New Edge,” a brand of “New Age” spirituality featuring the belief that the New Age can be realized through ... More


Some Twelfth-Century Reflections on Mereological Essentialism

Andrew Arlig

in Oxford Studies in Medieval Philosophy, Volume 1

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199661848
eISBN:
9780191765339
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661848.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Peter Abelard held two views that imply a form of Mereological Essentialism: first, a thing is nothing other than all its parts taken together and second, no thing has more parts at one time than it ... More


Chaotic epic: Samuel Huntington’s The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order revisited

James Dunkerley

in American Foreign Policy: Studies in Intellectual History

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781526116505
eISBN:
9781526128515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526116505.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

As a core interpretative text of the immediate post-Cold War period, The Clash of Civilizations acquired an almost infamous status amongst liberal circles on account of a perceived melange of ... More


It Depends: Contingent Existence

Kriti Sharma

in Interdependence: Biology and Beyond

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780823265527
eISBN:
9780823266913
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823265527.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter opens with a question arising from sensory biology: How might we conceive of a “real world” or “common environment” shared by organisms with vastly different perceptual systems? Two ways ... More


What Do Objects Depend On?: Physical Substance, Matter, and the External World

Kriti Sharma

in Interdependence: Biology and Beyond

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780823265527
eISBN:
9780823266913
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823265527.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter critically examines six crucial assumptions or intuitions involved in the familiar view that we live in a world of intrinsically existent objects: the assumption of the intrinsic ... More


Ethnicity and race: from essentialism to constructionism

Sandra Torres

in Ethnicity and Old Age: Expanding Our Imagination

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781447328117
eISBN:
9781447328131
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447328117.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Gerontology and Ageing

This chapter presents the ways in which understandings of ethnicity and race have evolved, and what characterises the different perspectives on these social positions that are available (i.e. ... More


Modern Mormonism and Gender Theory in Context

Taylor G. Petrey

in Tabernacles of Clay: Sexuality and Gender in Modern Mormonism

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781469656229
eISBN:
9781469656243
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469656229.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

The introduction sets the parameters of the book’s focus on Modern Mormonism in America, which arises after World War II. It further sets this period in the context of gender theory and the history ... More


Liberal Essentialism and Goldmark’s Early Reception

David Brodbeck

in Defining Deutschtum: Political Ideology, German Identity, and Music-Critical Discourse in Liberal Vienna

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780199362707
eISBN:
9780199362721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199362707.003.0004
Subject:
Music, History, Western, Theory, Analysis, Composition

This chapter is set in the liberal heyday of the 1860s and 1870s, which saw Goldmark’s breakthrough and reputational establishment with Vienna’s liberal public, if not with all the city’s critics. ... More


Innateness Stories

Iris Berent

in The Blind Storyteller

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780190061920
eISBN:
9780190061951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190061920.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Innate knowledge—the possibility that certain notions might be inborn in us simply because we are humans—has been the topic of endless controversy throughout our intellectual history. This chapter ... More


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