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Into the Open: Measuring Uncertainty, 1900–1918

in Vienna in the Age of Uncertainty: Science, Liberalism, and Private Life

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226111728
eISBN:
9780226111780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226111780.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter traces the way the history of a probabilistic turn in Austrian physics. Fluctuations were merely imperfections of the laboratory's insulation. The training of Vienna physicists in the ... More


Creating a Physical Biology: The Three-Man Paper and Early Molecular Biology

Phillip R. Sloan and Brandon Fogel (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226767826
eISBN:
9780226762777
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226762777.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In 1935 geneticist Nikolai Timoféeff-Ressovsky, radiation physicist Karl G. Zimmer, and quantum physicist Max Delbrück published “On the Nature of Gene Mutation and Gene Structure,” known ... More


The Irreplaceable Eye: Visual Statistics, 1914–1926

in Vienna in the Age of Uncertainty: Science, Liberalism, and Private Life

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226111728
eISBN:
9780226111780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226111780.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter investigates the color culture in Vienna during 1914–1926. “Memory images” were to be Brunnwinkl's source of continuity and cohesion, as Adolf Exner had foreseen at the colony's ... More


Unheard Harmonies

Peter Pesic

in Music and the Making of Modern Science

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262027274
eISBN:
9780262324380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027274.003.0019
Subject:
Music, History, Western

Among early twentieth-century physicists, many considered their musical experiences formative of their relation to science. Albert Einstein’s famous devoted to music seems linked to his scientific ... More


Visualizability and Intelligibility: Insight Into the Quantum World

Henk W. de Regt

in Understanding Scientific Understanding

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190652913
eISBN:
9780190652944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190652913.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter investigates the relation between visualizability and intelligibility, by means of an in-depth study of the transition from classical physics to quantum physics in the first decades of ... More


Determinism and Locality

Yemima Ben-Menahem

in Causation in Science

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780691174938
eISBN:
9781400889297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691174938.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the conceptual relationship between determinism and locality, particularly in the context of quantum mechanics (QM). It first examines the connection between determinism and ... More


Introductory Considerations

John von Neumann

Nicholas A. Wheeler (ed.)

in Mathematical Foundations of Quantum Mechanics: New Edition

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780691178561
eISBN:
9781400889921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691178561.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter presents the origins of the transformation theory and related concepts. It shows how, in 1925, a procedure initiated by Werner Heisenberg was developed by himself, Max Born, Pascual ... More


What is life?—70 years after Schrödinger

Antti J. Niemi

in Topological Aspects of Condensed Matter Physics: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 103, August 2014

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198785781
eISBN:
9780191827600
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198785781.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

In February 1943, Erwin Schröodinger presented a series of lectures at the Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies with the title What is Life? The Physical Aspect of the Living Cell. The lectures at ... More


Shaping Science with Rhetoric: The Cases of Dobzhansky, Schrodinger, and Wilson

Leah Ceccarelli

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226099064
eISBN:
9780226099088
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226099088.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

How do scientists persuade colleagues from diverse fields to cross the disciplinary divide, risking their careers in new interdisciplinary research programs? Why do some attempts to inspire such ... More


Vienna in the Age of Uncertainty: Science, Liberalism, and Private Life

Deborah R. Coen

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226111728
eISBN:
9780226111780
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226111780.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This book traces the vital and varied roles of science through the story of three generations of the eminent Exner family, whose members included Nobel Prize-winning biologist Karl Frisch, the ... More


Miscellaneous Systems I: Psychophysical, Disk Mixture, Cube, and Colorant Mixture Systems

Rolf G. Kuehni and Andreas Schwarz

in Color Ordered: A Survey of Color Order Systems from Antiquity to the Present

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195189681
eISBN:
9780199847747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189681.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter contains, on one hand, the ideas of largely forgotten authors such as French theoretician Jean d'Udine and, on the other hand, the work of such famous authors such as German chemist ... More


Introduction: The Desire to Understand

Henk W. de Regt

in Understanding Scientific Understanding

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190652913
eISBN:
9780190652944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190652913.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter introduces the theme of the book: scientific understanding. Science is arguably the most successful product of the human desire for understanding. Reflection on the nature of scientific ... More


Welcoming and SupportingRefugee Scholars: The Role of Oxford’s Colleges

Laurence Brockliss

in Ark of Civilization: Refugee Scholars and Oxford University, 1930-1945

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780199687558
eISBN:
9780191827266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199687558.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

The relationship between Oxford colleges and the refugees—students and academics—who found a home in them are discussed in this chapter. The extent to which refugees were welcomed; contemporary ... More


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