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Nature Alone: Evolutionists

Larry A. Witham

in Where Darwin Meets the Bible: Creationists and Evolutionists in America

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195150452
eISBN:
9780199834860
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195150457.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Here are biographical profiles of six evolutionists who see no God behind nature: Joseph McInerney, a biology educator and a textbook publisher; Ernst Mayr, a preeminent evolutionist; Michael Ruse, a ... More


Neo-Darwinian Cosmologies: Mayr and Jonas

Strachan Donnelley

Ceara Donnelley and Bruce Jennings (eds)

in Frog Pond Philosophy: Essays on the Relationship Between Humans and Nature

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780813167275
eISBN:
9780813175669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813167275.003.0018
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

In this chapter, Donnelley argues that evolutionary theory constitutes one of the most profound revolutions in the whole history of Western science and philosophy. The relational cosmology developed ... More


Blood Banks

Bruno J. Strasser

in Collecting Experiments: Making Big Data Biology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780226634999
eISBN:
9780226635187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226635187.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Taxonomy (or systematics) has been described as a natural history practice. But as this chapter shows, in the twentieth century, experimentalists also attempted to classify species, but based on ... More


Race and the Evolutionary Synthesis

Michael Yudell and J. Craig Venter

in Race Unmasked: Biology and Race in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231168748
eISBN:
9780231537995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231168748.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

The combination of experimental genetics, theoretical population genetics, and natural history produces an evolutionary synthesis in biology. This chapter shows how this synthesis resolved various ... More


Intelligent Design and the Matter of Matter

Strachan Donnelley

Ceara Donnelley and Bruce Jennings (eds)

in Frog Pond Philosophy: Essays on the Relationship Between Humans and Nature

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780813167275
eISBN:
9780813175669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813167275.003.0005
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

Reflecting on the debate in American education concerning the scientific validity and teaching of biological evolution, this chapter suggests that speculative philosophical thinking offers a better ... More


The Junco: A Common Bird and a Classic Subject for Descriptive and Experimental Studies in Evolutionary and Integrative Biology

Ellen D. Ketterson and Jonathan W. Atwell

in Snowbird: Integrative Biology and Evolutionary Diversity in the Junco

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780226330778
eISBN:
9780226330808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226330808.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter describes how an ordinary ‘little gray bird’ became extraordinary because of its appeal to bird watchers and its fascination for scientists interested in how species form and how they ... More


Life and the Ethics of Responsibility

Strachan Donnelley

Ceara Donnelley and Bruce Jennings (eds)

in Frog Pond Philosophy: Essays on the Relationship Between Humans and Nature

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780813167275
eISBN:
9780813175669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813167275.003.0019
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

The history of the development of natural philosophy or cosmology shows the collapse of a reductionistic, timeless philosophical materialism. Building an alternative worldview that philosophically ... More


Challenges to the Race Concept

Michael Yudell and J. Craig Venter

in Race Unmasked: Biology and Race in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231168748
eISBN:
9780231537995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231168748.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter focuses on various contradictions in the race concept. Two of these rebuttals have become chief examples of scientific racism, as well as significant in their way of representing the ... More


The Ascent of Man Defended

Marianne Sommer

in History Within: The Science, Culture, and Politics of Bones, Organisms, and Molecules

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226347325
eISBN:
9780226349879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226349879.003.0011
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The final chapter of Part II shows how in the afterwar years, Huxley’s humanism gained through international institutionalization and new followers across disciplinary and national boundaries. ... More


What Philosophic Cosmology Can Teach Us

Strachan Donnelley

Ceara Donnelley and Bruce Jennings (eds)

in Frog Pond Philosophy: Essays on the Relationship Between Humans and Nature

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780813167275
eISBN:
9780813175669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813167275.003.0016
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter introduces the fourth and most philosophical section of the book, which offers a history of the development of cosmology or natural philosophy primarily in the work of Spinoza, ... More


Neuroscience: A Multidisciplinary, Multilevel Field

Robert G. Shulman

in Brain Imaging: What it Can (and Cannot) Tell Us About Consciousness

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199838721
eISBN:
9780199345373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199838721.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Although causal explanations by fundamental laws, such as those found in classical physics, are often considered the ideal of science, they are not the understanding scientists have of multilevel, ... More


Darwin's choice

Nicolaas Rupke

in Biology and Ideology from Descartes to Dawkins

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226608402
eISBN:
9780226608426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226608426.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Ideology, especially in relation to science, has a negative connotation and is used in a pejorative sense. During the past few decades, historians of science have begun to argue that all biology is ... More


The Paleobiological Revolution: Essays on the Growth of Modern Paleontology

David Sepkoski and Michael Ruse (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226748610
eISBN:
9780226748597
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226748597.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Paleontology: Biology

Paleontology has long had a troubled relationship with evolutionary biology. Suffering from a reputation as a second-tier science and conjuring images of fossil collectors and amateurs who dig up ... More


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